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研究生:陳昱凱
研究生(外文):YU-KAICHEN
論文名稱:航空替代燃油之製程開發研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Process Development for Renewable Aviation Fuel
指導教授:王偉成
指導教授(外文):Wei-Cheng Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:航空太空工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:43
中文關鍵詞:航空燃油加氫脫氧加氫異構化加氫裂化快速熱裂解鎳系催化劑
外文關鍵詞:aviation fuelhydro-deoxygenationhydro-isomerizationhydro-crackingfast pyrolysisnickel-base catalyst
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隨著全球環境衝擊對人類的影響,全球正在開發新的燃料來完全取代石化燃料。歐美國家正計劃於2020年實施航空運輸碳排放規範,因此開發符合此規範的航空燃料成為各國家的發展重點。目前加氫處理生質物生產航空燃料為主要的研究方向,而所產出的航空燃料稱為HRJ,此生質物可以是液態油脂或者固態生質物。在HRJ製程中液態油脂首先經過加氫脫氧生成烷烴類產物,接著經由加氫裂化與異構化將脫氧完成的烷烴類產物轉化成符合航空燃料規範的燃料。此外,固態生質物需要先經過快速熱裂解轉換成液態生質油後再進過與上面同樣的製程。本研究主要對液態與固態生質物生產HRJ進行探討。選取棕梠油代表生物質液態油脂,而使用NiMo-S/Al2O3對棕梠油進行加氫脫氧獲得烷烴類產物。選取芒草桿做為固態生質物代表,芒草桿先經過快速熱裂解產出生質油,再使用Pd/AC催化劑對生質油進行加氫脫氧產出烷烴類產物。這些烷烴類產物使用鎳系催化劑對其進行加氫裂化與異構化並探討在各種不同參數下所得到之HRJ的組成。
Along with the impact of global environmental problem on humans, the world is developing a new fuels to completely replace the fossil fuels. Europe and United States plan to implement a carbon emission regulations for air transport by 2020, therefore developing an aviation fuels that meet the regulations has become the researching focus in each country. Currently, the trend of research for producing aviation fuels was hydro-processing of biomass and the production was called hydro-processed renewable jet (HRJ), the biomass can be liquid or solid. In the process of HRJ, the liquid biomass was converted to alkane through hydro-deoxygenation, then a product which meets the specification of aviation fuel was obtained by hydro-isomerization and hydro-cracking. In addition, the solid biomass needs to be pretreated through fast pyrolysis and obtaining the pyrolytic oil (bio-oil). The bio-oil was converted to HRJ by a method as mentioned above. In this study, producing HRJ from the liquid and solid biomass were mainly discussed. Choosing palm oil to represent the liquid biomass and using NiMo-S/Al2O3 as catalyst in hydro-deoxygenation to obtain the alkanes. The Miscanthus was selected to represent the solid biomass, the Miscanthus was converted to bio-oil through fast pyrolysis and obtaining the alkanes through hydro-deoxygenation with Pd/AC catalyst. Then the alkanes were hydro-isomerized and cracked by nickel-base catalyst and studying the various compositions of HRJ with different reaction conditions.
Abstract II
中文摘要 III
Acknowledgement IV
Content V
List of Tables VII
List of Figures VIII
Abbreviation X

Chapter I 1
Introduction 1

Chapter II 4
Experiments 4
2.1 Materials 4
2.1.1 The feedstock from liquid biomass 4
2.1.2 The feedstock from solid biomass 4
2.1.3 The hydrogenation 5
2.2 Experimental setup 5
2.3 Experimental procedure 9
2.4 Catalyst Characterization 11
2.5 Product analysis 11

Chapter III 13
Results and Discussion 13
3.1. Catalyst characterization 13

3.2 Glyceride-based oil 15

3.2.1 Distribution of carbon number and isomer to normal alkane ratio (I-to-N) at various parameter 15

3.2.1 (a) Effect of temperature on the distribution of carbon number and the I-to-N ratio 15

3.2.1 (b) Various carbon number with different pressure. 17

3.2.1 (c) Distribution of carbon number at various LHSV. 20

3.2.2 The content of aromatics at various parameter 22

3.2.3 The spectrum of gas chromatography and physical property of the product 24

3.3 Bio-oil 27
3.3.1 Gas chromatography spectrum of crude bio-oil, HDO-bio-oil, and upgrade-bio-oil. 27

3.3.1 (a) Crude bio-oil 27
3.3.1 (b) Hydro-deoxygenation of crude bio-oil. 29
3.3.1 (c) Hydro-isomerization and cracking HDO-bio-oil. 32

3.3.2 Components of gas products after hydro-isomerization and cracking HDO-bio-oil. 34

3.3.3 Components of liquid product after hydro-isomerization and cracking HDO-bio-oil. 36

Chapter IV 38
Conclusions 38
References 40
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