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研究生:邱誼文
研究生(外文):Yi-Wen Chiu
論文名稱:快時尚、環保材質與產品耐久性
指導教授:邱俊榮邱俊榮引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:42
中文關鍵詞:快時尚環保兩期耐久財寡占模型
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近年紡織產業中快時尚模式面臨永續議題的壓力,出現利用低汙染與可生物分解的纖維製成的服飾或是回收廢棄物再利用的技術。本研究利用兩期耐久財寡占模型,來捕捉循環經濟下的紡織產業廠商行為與社會福利。假設市場上存在一間傳統的既有廠商,第二期時進入一家生產環保產品的新廠商。我們發現環保產品的進入並不一定能增加社會福利。此外我們比較快時尚市場與擁有耐久性產品的市場後,發現當消費者對產品願付溢價高時,會使得廠商生產產品壽命更低的產品,而使計畫性廢棄的問題更嚴重,當願付溢價足夠高時,會趨於快時尚廠商。也發現快時尚市場的社會福利較有產品耐久性市場的社會福利來的低。
In recent years, the textile industry is under the pressure from sustainability issues, and there are new technologies that make fibers more non-toxic, less polluting and biodegradable, or technologies that recycle waste. This study uses two-period durability oligopoly model to capture the firm’s behavior and social welfare of textile industry under the circular economy. We suppose that a single traditional firm in the initial period and depending on the firm’s chosen product durability, a firm which manufacturing environmentally friendly products joins the market in period two. We find that the entry of environmentally friendly products does not necessarily increase social welfare. In addition, we analyzed the fast fashion market and the market with durable products. We find that when consumers are willing to pay a high premium for products, firm prefer to produces products with lower product life, and the problem of planning waste will be more serious. When the premium is high enough, it will tend to be the firm under fast fashion market. It has also been found that the social welfare of the fast fashion market is lower than the social welfare of the product durability market.
第一章 前言...1
1.1節 研究動機與目的...1
1.2節 研究方法...4
1.3研究流程與架構...5
第二章 文獻回顧...6
2.1 耐久財模型...6
2.2 快時尚與廠商行為...8
第三章 基本模型...10
3.1 具有傳統製程的新廠商與既有廠商的最適決策...11
3.2 具有新技術的新廠商與既有廠商的最適決策...13
3.3 社會福利...15
第四章 延伸模型...20
4.1 具有傳統製程的新廠商與既有廠商的最適決策...20
4.2 具有新技術的新廠商與既有廠商的最適決策...22
4.3 社會福利...25
4.4 跨章節比較...27
第五章 結論...31
參考文獻...32
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2.Bulow, J. (1986), “An Economic Theory of Planned Obsolescence,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 101, 729-749.
3.Butz, D. A. (1990), “Durable Good Monopoly and Best-Price Provisions,” American Economic Review, 80, 1062-1076.
4.Cachon, G. P. and R. Swinney (2011), “The Value of Fast Fashion: Quick Response, Enhanced Design, and Strategic Consumer Behavior,” Management Science, 57(4), 778-795.
5.Caro, F. and V. Martínez-de-Albéniz (2010), “The Impact of Quick Response in Inventory-Based Competition,” Manufacturing Service Operations Management, 12(3), 409-429.
6.Coase, R. (1972), “Durability and Monopoly,” Journal of Law and Economics, 15, 143-149.
7.Fisher, M. and A. Raman (1996), “Reducing the Cost of Demand Uncertainty through Accurate Response to Early Sales,” Operations Research, 44(1), 87-99.
8.Gam, H. J. (2011), “Are Fashion-Conscious Consumers More Likely to Adopt Eco-friendly Clothing?” Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 15(2), 178-193.
9.Goering, G. E. (1991), “Oligopolies and Product Durability,” International Journal of Industrial Organization, 10 (1992), 55-63.
10.Goering, G. E. (1992), “Innovation, Product Durability, and Market Structure,” Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 699-723.
11.Goering, G.E. and J. R. Boyce (1999), “Emissions Taxation in Durable Goods Oligopoly,” Journal of Industrial Economics, 47(1), 125-143.
12.Goering, G. E. (2010), “Durability Choice and the Piracy for Profit of Goods,” Metroeconomica, 61(2), 282-301.
13.Goering, G. E and M. K. Pippenger (2000), “International Trade and Commercial Policy for Durable Goods,” Review of International Economics, 8(2), 275-294.
14.Liu, Q. and G. J. van Ryzin (2008), “Strategic Capacity Rationing to Induce Early Purchases,” Management Science, 54(6), 1115-1131.
15.Netemeyer, R.G., B. Krishnan, C. Pullig, G. Wang, M. Yagci, D. Dean, J. Ricks, and F. Wirth
(2004), “Developing and Validating Measures of Facets of Customer-Based Brand Equity,” Journal of Business Research, 57(2), 209-224.
16.Nimon, W. and J. Beghin (1999), “Are Eco-Labels Valuable? Evidence from the Apparel Industry,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 81(4), 801-811.
17.Richardson, J. (1996), “Vertical Integration and Rapid Response in Fashion Apparel,” Organization Science, 7(4), 400-412.
18.Sieper, E. and P. Swan. (1973), “Monopoly and Competition in the Market for Durable Goods,” Review of Economic Studies, 40, 333-351.
19.Swan, P. (1970), “Durability of Consumption Goods,” American Economic Review, 60, 884-894.
20.Swan, P. (1971), “The Durability of Goods and the Regulation of Monopoly,” Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science, 2, 347-357.
21.Wu, C., and S. S Hsing (2006), “Less is More: How Scarcity Influences Consumers’ Value Perceptions and Purchase Intents through Mediating Variables,” Journal of American Academy of Business, 9(2), 125-132.
22.Yin, R., Y. Aviv, A. Pazgal and C. S. Tang (2009), “Optimal Markdown Pricing: Implications of Inventory Display Formats in the Presence of Strategic Customers,” Management Science, 55(8), 1391-1408.
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