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研究生:莊正陽
研究生(外文):Cheng-Yang Chuang
論文名稱:基於低功耗藍芽之定位系統實作
論文名稱(外文):A System for Positioning Based on Bluetooth Low Energy
指導教授:張道顧
指導教授(外文):Tao-Ku Chang
口試委員:戴文凱賴寶蓮
口試委員(外文):Wen-Kai TaiPao-Lien Lai
口試日期:2017-07-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:登山定位系統藍牙低功耗藍牙
外文關鍵詞:iBeaconBluetooth Low EnergyAndroid
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:333
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:92
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
台灣土地面積約 36,000 平方公里,其中海拔 1000 公尺以上高山面積達
16,800 平方公里,近乎佔據一半面積,各種登山活動熱烈。當有登山者失蹤或
是失聯情況發生,往往需耗費大量人力物力進行搜救。
現有 PLB 或 Satellite messenger 也可以定位遇難者位置,但一般民眾要使用
PLB 需要一定行政程序,Satellite messenger 則是價格較為昂貴。
我們的目的為實作基於 Bluetooth Low Energy beacon 與智慧型手機之登山
定位系統。以路徑上的 iBeacon 定位位置,由智慧型手機讀取並記錄,透過網
際網路回傳,並透過低功耗藍芽交換資訊,克服山區沒有行動網路的問題。本
系統僅要求使用者攜帶智慧型手機就可以使用,以期改進登山活動不易追蹤登
山者的問題。
Taiwan’s mountain range is over half of its area. People are enthusiastic about backpacking to the mountain. When mountaineering disaster happens, the rescue team needs lots of resources to rescue the hikers. Although there are Personal Locator Beacon (PLB) and Satellite messenger which help locate the GPS position for hikers, they are expensive and inconvenient.
The purpose of this research is trying to develop a system which can track people while they hiking in the mountain. It combines smart phone with iBeacon. By putting iBeacon on the side of mountain trail, the smart phone of mountaineer can sense the iBeacon. The phone will keep these records and upload these records to server if the internet is reachable. When no internet could be reached, we implement a data exchanging mechanism which is based on Bluetooth low energy. With this implementation, the stored records can be exchanged among hikers such that the records can be forwarded down the mountain. By collecting these record, our system can locate hiker in the mountains who only carry with his or her cell phone.
摘要 i
Abstract iii
CONTENTS v
LIST OF FIGURES vii
LIST OF TABLE ix
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Existing System 1
1.2.1 PLB: Personal Locator Beacon 1
1.2.2 Satellite Messenger 2
1.3 Problem Definition 2
1.4 Requirement Specification 3
1.5 Contribution 3
1.6 Chapter Outline 3
Chapter 2 Solution Design 5
2.1 Overview 5
2.2 Usage Scenarios 5
2.2.1 User Registration 5
2.2.2 System Execution without Internet Connectivity 6
2.2.3 Data Upload 7
2.2.1 System Deployment 7
2.2.2 System Management 8
2.3 Subsystem Design 9
2.3.1 System Architecture 9
2.3.2 Server 10
2.3.3 Web Interface 11
2.3.4 Client APP 12
2.3.5 Manager APP 13
2.3.6 Web API 14
2.4 Data Flow Diagram 15
2.5 Sequence Diagram 15
Chapter 3 Implementation 17
3.1 Server 17
3.1.1 Software Version 17
3.1.2 Database Schema 18
3.1.3 REDIS Database 19
3.1.4 Updater 20
3.1.5 Calculating Team Management 23
3.2 Web Interface 24
3.2.1 Single Page Application 24
3.2.2 JWT:JSON Web Token 24
3.3 Bluetooth Low Energy Beacon 25
3.4 Client Android Application 27
3.4.1 Device Authentication 27
3.4.2 Bluetooth Data Exchanger 28
3.5 System Time Zone 29
Chapter 4 Experimental Results 31
4.1 Test Environment 31
4.2 Client APP Scanning and Storage Test 32
4.3 Client APP Data Exchange Test 33
4.4 SMS Registration Test 35
4.5 System Monitor Test 37
4.6 Result 39
Chapter 5 Conclusion 41
5.1 Contribution 41
5.2 Future work 41
References 43
Appendix 45
Appendix A Web API List 45
Appendix B Database Schema Diagram 49
Appendix C Data Flow Diagram 51
Appendix D Sequence Diagram 55
[1] NCC, “NCC通過個人指位無線電示標(PLB)免執照申請,” 15 7 2015. [線上]. Available: https://www.ncc.gov.tw/chinese/print.aspx?table_name=news&site_content_sn=8&sn_f=33863.
[2] NCC, “個人指位無線電示標常見問題集,” 13 6 2017. [線上]. Available: https://www.ncc.gov.tw/chinese/news_detail.aspx?site_content_sn=3889&is_history=0&pages=0&sn_f=37169.
[3] B. Skvorc, “The Best PHP Framework for 2015: SitePoint Survey Results,” 30 3 2015. [線上]. Available: https://www.sitepoint.com/best-php-framework-2015-sitepoint-survey-results/.
[4] Apple, “Apple Trademark List*,” Apple Inc., [線上]. Available: https://www.apple.com/legal/intellectual-property/trademark/appletmlist.html. [存取日期: 2 1 2018].
[5] Apple, "Getting Started with iBeacon," Apple Inc., 2 6 2014. [Online]. Available: https://developer.apple.com/ibeacon/Getting-Started-with-iBeacon.pdf. [Accessed 2 1 2018].
[6] L. Alliance, “What is LoRaWAN™,” 2015. [線上]. Available: https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/eccc1a_ed71ea1cd969417493c74e4a13c55685.pdf.
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