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研究生:陳宜品
研究生(外文):CHEN, I-PIN
論文名稱:靜坐和佛手柑精油對大學生焦慮的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Meditation and Bergamot Essential Oil on the Anxiety of College Students
指導教授:陳嘉民陳嘉民引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN, CHIA-MIN
口試委員:歐陽文貞陳秋媛
口試日期:2018-06-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:自然生物科技學系自然療癒碩士班
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:靜坐精油芳香療法焦慮
外文關鍵詞:meditationessential oilaromatherapyanxiety
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背景與目的:現代人由於生活忙碌,很多人都曾有過因壓力過大而造成焦慮和憂鬱的狀態,其中大學生面臨家庭、生活、課業、和未來就業的壓力之下,焦慮的程度可想而知。過去已有許多文獻證實靜坐、精油可以幫助情緒的舒緩和降低焦慮感,但是精油加上靜坐的科學印證相當少。因此此次研究目的即在探討靜坐、精油、靜坐加上精油對於大學生焦慮之影響程度。
研究方法:本研究採單組前後測的方式進行實驗,搭配STAI焦慮量表與BAI貝克焦慮量表作為測量工具。以嘉義縣南華大學的大學生為收案對象共60人。依個人自由意願分為靜坐冥想組20人、佛手柑精油組20人、靜坐冥想加佛手柑精油組20人。實驗過程共計30分鐘,包括介入措施前後填寫量表,前測之前先進行5分鐘的情境聯想以及介入措施10分鐘。
結果:本研究受試者在經過10分鐘的靜坐、精油與靜坐加上精油的介入,情境與特質焦慮量表(STAI)包括正性情緒、負性情緒和總和的平均值顯著的降低,而貝克焦慮量表(BAI)的總合平均值也有顯著的降低, p < 0.05均達到統計上的意義。因此,靜坐冥想、佛手柑精油、靜坐冥想加上佛手柑精油均有緩解大學生的焦慮感受,但是靜坐冥想加上佛手柑精油組跟靜坐冥想組和佛手柑精油組相比較之下,舒緩焦慮的表現並沒有更好。原因可能在於兩種以上的介入或許會有過多的干擾因素,亦或是受試者本質差異性太大而導致;期許未來若有更多關於靜坐加上精油的研究,也許會有更明確的結論。
Background and Purpose: Due to the busy life of modern people, many of them suffer from anxiety and depression caused by stress. There is no doubt that college students suffer from anxiety and pressure since they have to deal with the stress of family, life, schoolwork, and future career. Several past studies have proved that meditation and essential oil are able to alleviate anxiety. However, scientific evidence on the effects of meditation in combination with essential oil remains scarce. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of meditation, bergamot essential oil, and meditation in combination with bergamot essential oil on the sense of anxiety in college students.
Method: A single group of participants was recruited to participate in a pretest and a posttest study with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) adopted as the measurement instrument. Experiments were conducted on a group of 60 college students from Nanhua University in Chiayi County. These 60 students were divided into 3 groups. They are a group of meditation, a group of bergamot essential oil, and a group of meditation in combination with bergamot essential oil. Each group was composed of 20 college students. Each session of the experiment lasted approximately 30 min. First, the participants were instructed to recall on experience of anxiety for five min and fill in STAI and BAI for the pretest. After a 10-min intervention, participants were asked to fill in STAI and BAI for the posttest.
Results: A sharp decrease in the participants’ state anxiety and trait anxiety scores on the STAI and scores on BAI was observed after 10 min of meditation,bergamot essential oil, and meditation in combination with bergamot essential oil groups ( p < 0.05 ). It showed significant differences for each intervention. Therefore, these results showed that meditation, bergamot essential oil, and meditation in combination with bergamot essential oil can alleviate the sense of anxiety in college students. However, compared with meditation or bergamot essential oil, meditation in combination with bergamot essential oil didn't show any significant improvements. This was possibly because there were too many interfering factors if conducted over two interventions or the base line of the anxiety for each group had large differences. A more definitive conclusion may require further studies on meditation in combination of bergamot essential oil.
致謝i
摘要ii
ABSTRACT iv
目次vi
表次viii
圖次ix
第一章緒論1
1.1研究背景1
1.2研究動機2
1.3研究目的2
第二章文獻探討3
2.1焦慮3
2.1.1焦慮的定義3
2.1.2焦慮對個人的影響與處理5
2.2芳香療法於焦慮的相關研究7
2.2.1芳香療法及歷史7
2.2.2芳香精油9
2.2.3佛手柑精油13
2.3靜坐於焦慮的相關研究14
2.3.1靜坐的定義14
2.3.2靜坐的類型與研究15
第三章研究方法21
3.1研究設計與研究架構21
3.2研究對象及場所23
3.3研究工具23
3.4實驗步驟26
3.5資料分析27
第四章研究結果28
4.1組內前後之差異比較29
4.2各組間前測、後測與改變量之比較36
第五章討論42
5.1靜坐對於焦慮感改善之影響42
5.2精油對於焦慮感改善之影響43
5.3靜坐加精油對於焦慮感改善之影響45
第六章結論與研究限制48
6.1結論48
6.2研究限制48
參考文獻50
附錄1 中文版情境焦慮量表 60
附錄2 中文版特質焦慮量表 61
附錄3 貝克焦慮量表(BAI) 62
表次
表4-1靜坐前後測的比較33
表4-2精油前後測的比較34
表4-3靜坐加精油前後測的比較35
表4-4靜坐、精油、靜坐加精油之前測差異39
表4-5靜坐、精油、靜坐加精油之後測差異40
表4-6靜坐、精油、靜坐加精油之間的改變量41 
圖次
圖3-1實驗架構圖22
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