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研究生:吳奇益
研究生(外文):WU, CHI-YI
論文名稱:澎湖地區漁業動力用油優惠非法流用態樣研析
論文名稱(外文):Penghu area Fishing Power Oil OffersAnalysis of illegal flow patterns
指導教授:陳震武陳震武引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHENG,WU-CHEN
口試委員:陳宗豪李建邦
口試委員(外文):CHEN,ZONG-HAOLI,JIAN-BANG
口試日期:2018-06-05
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄海洋科技大學
系所名稱:海事資訊科技研究所
學門:運輸服務學門
學類:航海學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:漁業動力用油優惠
外文關鍵詞:fishery power oil concessions
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我國政府在面對全球原油飆漲,油品價額居高不下情形,油價多年來持續維持在每桶58至67美元以上的價位,加上全球面臨通膨壓力及產油國家政局不穩定之影響,造成油價成本持續飆高等情,我國有不肖業者及漁民看見此契機,長期以來紛紛利用偽造、變造、科技技術及價差來謀取暴利,更以合法掩護非法的方式或以油異物來揮霍政府的補助用油。
對於政府為積極落實照顧漁民生計大權,自民國47年起對漁民購置漁船用油採取政策性優惠補助等措施實施以來,期間這項補貼措施的執行成效,在政策的目標上,於80年代以前均能發揮其增產的效果,然而,近年來隨著漁業環境的急遽轉變,諸如漁業資源的過度開發,以及投入成本高漲等不利因素影響,漁業的經營條件今非惜比,使得漁民收益無法隨著經濟發展與國民的所得提升以及相對提高,因此,現存的漁船用油補貼措施成為政府紓解漁民經營壓力的重要政策工具。目前對漁業動力用油實施優惠定價,因我國加入世界貿易組織後,漁業動力用油補貼將執行至110年12月底。
但近年出現部分漁民利用偽造、變造、科技技術來虛報用油、轉賣及中國大陸船舶非法越界捕魚與收購我國籍漁船用油,已嚴重影響我方海域秩序、漁業資源及經濟市場,然而對於我國籍漁船盜賣漁業用油則是大陸船隻越界主要來源之一,且現階段監察院針對漁業資源問題多元、複雜及漁船用油的經營與管理方式呈現不少問題,長期間屢遭不肖漁民藉此利機販售牟利,導致從事正當捕撈及漁撈的漁民抱怨連連,甚至感受不到政府的推行政策及美意等情。本論文後段部分則是在針對有關漁船利用偽造、變造、科技技術犯罪之手法,造成漁船作業時數、節速等數據產生來獲取不法利益等情,提供相關司法單位發覺線情及可疑徵候,用以遏止日益嚴重漁船用油盜賣犯行,且現今加上新政府上任後持續推動節能減碳政策,不肖漁民非但有體認節約能源的重要性,仍將政府補助能源擅自流用給大陸或轉為他用,嚴重衝擊國內市場機制以及油品價格之混亂。
The Chinese government is facing a surge in global crude oil prices and high oil prices. The price of oil has remained at prices above US$58 to US$67 per barrel for many years, coupled with global inflation pressures and unstable political conditions in oil-producing countries. Affected by the continuing high prices of oil prices, China's unskilled fishermen and fishermen have seen this opportunity. They have long used counterfeiting, alterations, technology and spreads to make huge profits, and have used legal methods to cover illegal ways or use foreign oils to squander money. Government subsidies for oil use.
For the government to actively implement the measures to take care of the livelihood of fishermen, since the Republic of China implemented the policy of conserving subsidies for the purchase of fishing boat oil by fishermen since the implementation of the measures since the implementation of this subsidy measure, the effectiveness of the implementation of the subsidy measures during the period of the 1980s Both of them can exert their effect of increasing production. However, in recent years, with the rapid changes in the fishery environment, over-exploitation of fishery resources, and high input costs, the operating conditions of fisheries are now irrelevant, making it impossible for fishermen's income to follow suit. As economic development and national income increase and increase, the existing subsidy measures for fishing oil use have become an important policy tool for the government to relieve fishermen's operating pressure. At present, the preferential pricing of fishing power oil is implemented. After China's accession to the World Trade Organization, the fishery power oil subsidies will be implemented until the end of December of the year.
However, in recent years, some fishermen have used counterfeiting, alterations, technology and technology to falsely report oil, resale, and illegal cross-border fishing of Chinese mainland ships and acquired oil for fishing vessels of my nationality, which has seriously affected our maritime order, fishery resources, and economic markets. The sale of fishing oil by fishing vessels of my country's nationality is one of the major sources of cross-border marine vessels in mainland China. At the current stage, the Monitoring Institute has faced many problems in the management and management of fishery resources in view of the diversity and complexity of the fishery resources, and has caused repeated problems for fishermen over a long period of time. Taking advantage of this opportunity to sell profit-making, fishermen engaged in proper fishing and fishing complained again and again, and they did not even feel the government's implementation policies and goodwill. The later part of this paper is aimed at the use of counterfeiting, alteration, technology and technology crimes by fishing vessels, resulting in the production of fishing boat operating hours, pace of speed and other data to obtain unlawful interests, providing relevant judicial units to find out the situation and suspicious signs. In order to curb the increasing use of oil theft by fishing vessels, and adding the new government after taking office, it continues to push forward the policy of energy saving and carbon reduction. Unscrupulous fishermen not only recognize the importance of energy conservation, but also transfer government subsidized energy to mainland China without permission. For his use, it seriously impacted the domestic market mechanism and the chaos of oil prices.
第壹章 前言1
第一節 研究背景及動機1
第二節 研究目的4
第三節 研究方法與範圍4
第貳章 漁業動力用油補貼政策7
第一節 台灣漁業動力用油價格政策之沿革7
第二節 漁船用柴油黑色染劑規範17
第三節 漁業動力用油優惠政策執行情形17
第四節 無法補助漁業動力用油對象21
第五節 漁船補貼政策所造成之影響及違規處分22
第參章 漁業動力用油違規情形研析26
第一節 違法漁業動力用油情形及其影響26
第二節 漁船用油流用違規處分27
第三節 海巡署查緝非法流用漁業用油27
第肆章 澎湖地區漁業動力用油樣態及案例分析31
第一節 非法流用現況調查31
第二節 非法流用態樣分析32
第三節 非法流用犯罪案例44
第伍章 結語與建議57
第一節 結語57
第二節 建議57

附錄一 漁業動力用油優惠油價標準63
附錄二 涉案違規利用優惠漁業動力用油案件處理流程及處分基準76
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