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研究生:高午樵
研究生(外文):Wu-chyao Kao
論文名稱:泰南與菲南穆斯林分離運動之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):A Comparative Study on Muslim Separatist Movement in Southern Thailand and Southern Philippines
指導教授:翁嘉禧翁嘉禧引用關係顧長永顧長永引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jia-Hsi WengSamuel C. Y. Ku
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:中國與亞太區域研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:分離運動組織分離運動自治區泰南菲南穆斯林
外文關鍵詞:Southern ThailandOrganizations of Separatist MovementsSeparatist MovementSouthern PhilippinesAutonomous AreaMuslim
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本研究依歷史研究及文獻分析兩種方法,彙整分析泰南與菲南兩地穆斯林分離運動之史料及文獻,以比較兩地穆斯林分離運動形成之原因,泰、菲兩國政府治理南疆之政策及兩地分離運動組織之演變。
泰南與菲南穆斯林分離運動主要之異同為:一、地處邊陲與伊斯蘭化為兩地穆斯林分離運動形成原因的相似處,不同處則為二者的歷史根源。二、泰政府對泰南穆斯林施行強迫同化,以圖政治支配,菲政府則大量移民南疆掠奪土地、剝削資源以弱化穆斯林之反抗能力。三、兩地分離運動組織所追求的目標相同,即完全獨立,但無論武裝規模、動員能力、談判及外交手段則泰南均遜於菲南。
本研究發現:一、除種族因素外,伊斯蘭信仰是形成分離意識之主因和分離運動賴以續存的動力。二、分離運動組織因不和而分裂,成為分離運動目標達成的障礙。三、兩國政府皆發展經濟以緩解穆斯林之分離運動,但無法消滅種族與宗教所建立的分離意識,因而分離運動仍為無法根除之隱患。
菲南自治區與泰南安全區之設立雖可緩解分離運動,但局部地區之衝突動亂仍未歇止,分離運動組織所追求者絕非眼前之自治,建立獨立自主的國家實為其終極目標,且不達目的不會終止。
Employing the two methods of historical research and literature analysis, the study collects, organizes and analyzes the historical materials and literature concerning the Muslim separatist movements happened in southern Thailand and southern Philippines, so as to compare the reasons for formation of the Muslim separatist movements in these two places, the governance strategies of the two governments of the Philippines and Thailand in the southern territories, and evolution of the separatist movements in these two places.
The main differences and similarities of Muslim separatist movements between southern Thailand and southern Philippines are: First, the similarities of the causes of the Muslim formation are the location on the border and Islamization, and the difference is the historical roots of both places. Secondly, Thailand government implemented the forced assimilation to the Muslim in southern Thailand in order to seek political domination. On the other hand, Philippines government relocated numerous immigrants to the southern area to plunder lands and deprive the resources to weaken the resistance capability of the Muslim. Thirdly, the two organizations of separatist movements pursue the same goal, namely, complete independence. However, with regard to the aspects of the armed magnitude, ability of mobilization, and negotiated and diplomatic skill, the situation in southern Thailand is not comparatively as good as in the southern Philippines.
This study has discovered: (1) Beside the ethnic factor, Islamic belief is the main cause of forming ideology of separation and the pushing power of separatist movements. (2) The organizations of separatist movements divide due to discord. Therefore, it becomes the obstacle of achieving the goal of separatist movements. (3) Both governments boost economy in order to ease the separatist movements of Muslims, but it could not eliminate the ideology of separation which was attributed to the issues of ethnicity and religion; hence the separatist movements are still the hidden danger which cannot be exterminated.
Although the establishment of autonomous region in southern Philippines and safety zone in southern Thailand could ease separatist movements, the conflicts in partial areas still have not subsided yet. What the separatist movement organizations pursue is absolutely not the autonomy currently existed. It is to establish an independent country, and it will not end until the final destination is reached.
論文審定書………………………………………………………………ⅰ
論文公開授權書…………………………………………………………ⅱ
誌謝………………………………………………………………………ⅲ
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………ⅳ
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………ⅴ
目錄 ……………………………………………………………………ⅶ
圖次……………………………………………………………………ⅸ
表次……………………………………………………………………ⅹ
第一章 緒論 ……………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機與目的 …………………………………………1
第二節 文獻回顧 …………………………………………………2
第三節 研究方法及途徑 …………………………………………8
第四節 研究範圍 …………………………………………………9
第五節 研究架構與章節安排……………………………………11
第二章 泰南與菲南穆斯林分離運動形成的原因……………………13
第一節 泰南穆斯林分離運動形成的原因………………………13
第二節 菲南穆斯林分離運動形成的原因………………………23
第三節 泰南與菲南穆斯林分離運動形成原因之比較…………35
第三章 泰、菲兩國政府治理南疆的政策……………………………41
第一節 泰國政府治理南疆的政策………………………………41
第二節 菲國政府治理南疆的政策………………………………50
第三節 泰、菲兩國政府治理南疆政策之比較…………………62
第四章 泰南與菲南穆斯林分離運動組織的演變……………………69
第一節 泰南穆斯林分離運動組織的演變………………………69
第二節 菲南穆斯林分離運動組織的演變………………………75
第三節 泰南與菲南穆斯林分離運動組織演變之比較…………83
第五章 結論……………………………………………………………93
第一節 研究發現…………………………………………………94
第二節 政策建議…………………………………………………94
第三節 未來展望…………………………………………………96
參考文獻………………………………………………………………100
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