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研究生:楊琇涵
研究生(外文):Hsiu-han Yang
論文名稱:職涯的助力或阻力?職涯資本與工作滿意度對打工度假者職涯方向的影響
論文名稱(外文):Pushing You On or Holding You Back? How does Career Capital and Job Satisfaction Shape The Career Orientations of Working Holiday Makers
指導教授:韋岱思韋岱思引用關係
指導教授(外文):Thijs Velema
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:資本職涯方向工作滿意度職涯打工度假
外文關鍵詞:Career OrientationCareerJob SatisfactionCapitalWorking Holiday
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中文摘要
從可持續發展職涯理論得知現今職涯模式有正式和非正式的工作時期,但以往職涯研究鮮少談論非正式工作期間,本文探討非正式工作時期經驗對工作者職涯方向的影響,以台灣近年風行的打工度假計畫作為非正式工作時期的研究。打工度假者在海外邊工作邊休息沒有固定職涯模式,故視為非正式工作時期,而目前台灣打工度假人數累積20萬人以上,由此可見非正式工作時期已成職涯的新選擇。如果不填補這個非正式工作時期研究的缺口,我們就會缺乏對職涯與職涯方向改變的原因。我們探討從台灣青年選擇離開台灣到海外打工度假以及再度返台這段非正式工作期間的經歷,並試圖從工作滿意度與經濟、文化、社會資本找出打工度假經驗影響台灣年輕人職涯方向的原因。
本論文採質性研究,透過訪問20位打工度假者理解他們打工度假經驗的歷程。台灣青年因為對工作倦怠以及薪資的不滿,加上經濟資本的不足與周遭社會資本的影響,選擇前往打工度假。在紐澳打工度假雖然從事辛苦的工作,但他們認識各地的朋友拓展社會資本加上海外的薪資較高累積自身的經濟資本,而長期居住海外受到紐澳文化的影響提升他們的國際觀與語言能力,同時打工度假者在環境的磨練影響打工度假者的觀念與態度,也使得他們更加了解自己。返台後,打工度假者因經濟、文化與社會資本的輔助影響職涯方向,雖然資本不見得能使他們得到更好的工作,但這段海外的歷程讓他們逐漸了解自我職涯的喜好與職涯方向並找到適合自己的職涯。
Abstract
From the theory of sustainable career, we know that there is a formal and informal working period in the current. However, in the past, career research rarely talked about informal work. This paper study the impact of informal work experience on the career orientation of workers. The working holiday program of Taiwan, which is popular in Taiwan in recent years, was studied during the informal work period. Working holiday maker can choice work or break and don’t have a fixed career when they work overseas. Therefore, they are regarded as an informal working period. At present, the number of working holiday maker in Taiwan has accumulated more than 200,000. This shows that the informal work period has become a new choice for careers. If we do not fill in the gaps in the informal work period, we will miss of career theory. We explored the experience of the informal work of Taiwan young people who chose to leave Taiwan and working holiday in overseas and then return to Taiwan. This article attempts to find out the reasons for the impact of working holiday experience on the career orientation of young people in Taiwan from job satisfaction and economic, cultural, and social capital.
The qualitative research of this thesis is to understand the history of their working holiday experience by visiting 20 Working Holiday makers. They chose to go to Working Holiday because of the dissatisfaction with job and salary, coupled with the lack of economic capital and the influence of their social capital. Although they are engaged in hard work in New Zealand and Australia, they meet friends who from different countries. In addition, the salary can accumulate their own economic capital, while they influenced by New Zealand and Australia culture,
they develop the foreign language and build the outlook of global, while the environment gradually affects the concept and attitude of working holiday makers, and also makes them more aware of themselves. After returning to Taiwan, working holiday maker influence the career orientation because of the support of economy, culture and social capital. Although the capital does not necessarily enable them to get a good job, this overseas journey allows them to gradually understand their own career preferences and career orientation and find a career that suits themselves.
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 打工度假的現況 4
第二章 文獻探討 9
2.1 工作滿意度 10
2.2 資本 12
(一)經濟資本 13
(二)文化資本 14
(三)社會資本 15
第三章 研究資料與方法 18
第四章 打工度假的歷程 21
4.1 再見台灣 21
(一)台灣的職場環境 22
(二)打工度假的動機 26
4.2 在大洋洲的日子 31
(一)紐澳打工度假的工作體驗 32
(二)紐澳打工度假的生活體驗 42
4.3 全新的開始 46
(一)自我成長 46
(二)返台後的工作歷程 50
第五章 打工度假對職涯的影響 56
5.1追求工作與生活的平衡 56
5.2勇於嘗試的態度 62
第六章 結論 68
6.1研究限制與建議 74
參考文獻 77
附錄一 訪談問題 87
附錄二 受訪者資料 88

























圖表目錄
圖 1 台灣人獲得澳洲打工度假簽證人數 6
中文文獻
台灣外交部。(民101)。外交部提醒國人赴海外打工度假前應妥為規劃,並特別注意安全。【最新消息】。取自:https://www.mofa.gov.tw/News_Content_M_2.aspx?n=8742DCE7A2A28761&sms=491D0E5BF5F4BC36&s=EDBA028885F050A3
台灣外交部。青年度假打工(民105)【105年青年海外度假打工宣導會手冊】。取自:http://funfj.youthtaiwan.net/001/mofafun/4/relfile/6379/912/1050719__宣導手冊.pdf
台灣外交部。青年度假打工(民106)。【106年青年海外度假打工宣導會手冊】。取自:http://funfj.youthtaiwan.net/001/mofafun/4/relfile/6379/1375/106年度假打工宣導手冊.pdf
台灣外交部。青年度假打工(民107)。【計劃簡介】。取自:https://www.youthtaiwan.net/WorkingHoliday/Default.aspx
李櫻珊. (2010). 工作假期參與經驗及其對職涯發展影響之研究. 臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文, 1-81.
康文文教基金會。(民101)。台灣年輕人打工度假為探索世界、開闊視野,不為賺錢,最希望再開放義大利、法國和荷蘭 。取自:http://www.travel934.org.tw/goodnewskw/stage/sdetail.aspx?id=728
張慧慈. (2014). 當打工變成體驗西方: 台灣青年赴澳洲打工度假的研究. 臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文, 1-116.
郭子苓。(民102)。苦一年受用一生,打工度假賺養分。商業週刊。取自https://archive.businessweekly.com.tw/Article/Index?StrId=51331#_=_
謝文憲。(民107)。30歲到澳洲打工遊學圓夢。堅持兩年回台灣工作,他除了摘水果留下粗糙雙手,什麼也沒有。商業週刊。取自:https://www.businessweekly.com.tw/article.aspx?id=22766&type=Blog

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