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研究生:許云瑄
研究生(外文):Yun-Hsuan Hsu
論文名稱:以個案研究探究永續森林相關之魯凱族傳統生態知識
論文名稱(外文):A Case Study of Rukai Traditional Ecological Knowledge on Sustainable Forest
指導教授:謝百淇謝百淇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Paichi-Pat Shein
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:永續森林、原住民傳統生態知識、魯凱族、森林復育、永續發展教育
外文關鍵詞:Sustainable ForestTraditional Ecological KnowledgeRukaiForest ConservationEducation for Sustainable Development
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近年來,自然環境的破壞和資源的耗竭,全球持續關注永續發展相關的議題,其中永續森林是永續發展議題中一個重要的領域。而原住民傳統生態知識因含有永續的價值,本研究以屏東縣的西魯凱族為個案研究對象,初探其TEK中的永續森林核心價值。本研究的個案進行森林復育行動超過半載,研究者透過參與觀察、半結構式訪談的方式,以及蒐集坊間的紀錄片作為研究資料,記錄個案家庭的種樹過程以及探索內心所認定人與自然的關係。透過紮根理論進行資料的分析後發現,一個「真正的人」有著重視源頭的心,再透過腦中先人的智慧和自己的觀察,最後做出正確的判斷和利他的行為。除了透過遵守禁忌來維持與自然的共生關係,個案家庭積極的多元種樹法來復育山林,以及實行在地教育來恢復人和自然的連結。本研究所探討的TEK可成為未來ESD之參考,使人們能夠透過親近自然的課程找回與自然的連結,進一步培養永續的價值觀,共同維護永續的環境。
Recently, human being has nearly used up natural resources and the environment has been devastated seriously. For this reason, Sustainable Development received more attention. This research seeks the wisdom in the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of western Rukai indigenous community in Pingtung for the topic of Sustainable Forest, in which the research visit the family who have planted trees for over fifty years. Numerous semi-structured interviews will be conducted to collect the information about the relationship between human and nature, and to record the process of planting trees. After the data collection, grounded theory method will be used to analyze the data. The results show that “a genuine human” in Rukai clearly know they have a symbiosis relationship with the nature, and they especially respect the tree, river and land which they conceived as the concept of Source. Thus, they have taboo to regulate their behaviors to control the pollution made by human. The family conduct a special method to plant multiple and original trees back, and this not only rebuild the original forest but also help people seek out the connection with nature during the process. I hope that the findings of this research can provide guidelines for ESD, which can let people recall and strengthen their connection with nature and further cultivate the value of sustainability.
目 錄
論文審定書 i
致謝 ii
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 iv
第 一 章 緒論 1
第一節 前言 1
第二節 名詞釋義 2
第 二 章 文獻探討 5
第一節 永續森林的重要性 5
第二節 永續森林與原住民文化知識系統的呼應10
第三節 魯凱族文化 12
第 三 章 研究方法 16
第一節 研究設計 16
第二節 研究對象 17
第三節 研究工具 19
第四節 研究流程 24
第五節 資料分析 29
第六節 評估研究的標準 34
第 四 章 研究結果 39
第一節 研究結果(一)39
第二節 研究結果(二)51
第 五 章 結論與建議 64
第一節 結論 64
第二節 建議 69
參考文獻 74
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