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研究生:張育菁
研究生(外文):Yu-ching Chang
論文名稱:創業家特質之多個案研究
論文名稱(外文):A Multiple-Case Study of Entrepreneurial Characteristics
指導教授:林芬慧林芬慧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fen-Hui Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:創業家特質社會網絡企業管理創業者信念先前知識
外文關鍵詞:business managementprior knowledgeentrepreneurial beliefsocial networksentrepreneurial characteristics
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台灣的產業結構以中小企業為主,2015年增加30,932家,成長率為2.29%。2016年,台灣在創業精神暨發展指數(GEDI) 亞太地區排名第2名,全球排名為第6名,而女性創業指數於亞太地區排名為第6名,能看出台灣擁有強大的創業能量,創業的風氣非常興盛。創業能促使經濟成長,但創業之路困難重重,很多人失敗,所以被認為成功的創業家並不多。
本研究採取「個案研究法」進行多個個案研究,藉由與創業家訪談、次級資料的彙整來蒐集資料,整理撰寫15位創業家個案,進行比較分析。本研究從過去文獻中,找出會影響創業成功的因素,包括五大人格特質、內外控人格、模糊容忍、創新性、成就需求、風險承擔、先前知識、社會網絡、熱情、樂觀、勇氣、社會責任。本研究以五個構面進行研究,分別為「先前知識」、「創業者個人特質」、「創業者信念與價值特質」、「企業經營與管理的特質」、「社會網絡」,結果發現對創業行為、創業意圖、創業理念皆會有所影響,年輕的創業家可以藉此來衡量自己是否適合創業。
Small-and-medium enterprises (SMEs) are the majority in Taiwan industry. Compared with 2014, there were 30,932 new SMEs in 2015 with an increasing rate of 2.29%. According to the reports of Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute (GEDI) which has been ranked 2nd in Asia and 6th in the world, and Mastercard Inaugural Women''s Entrepreneurial Index 6th in Asia, Taiwan has been recognized with high entrepreneurial spirit. Entrepreneurship can lead to economic growth. However, entrepreneurs who have gone through numerous difficulties might cause the failure, and it is very few entrepreneurs are recognized as being successful.
This research is to study the fifteen selected Entrepreneurs that would go through interviews, in addition to the secondary data. The data are coded based on the following variables obtained from literature reviews, including the big five personality traits, locus of control, tolerance of ambiguity, innovativeness, achievement motivation, risk taking, prior knowledge, social network, passion, positive attitude, courage, social responsibility. The research is analyzed with the five constructs, "prior knowledge", " entrepreneurial belief and value characteristics", "entrepreneurial characteristics", "characteristics of enterprise operation and management", "social network". The research results indicate that the constructs have a great influence on entrepreneurial behavior, entrepreneurial intentions, entrepreneurial ideas, and help young startups avoid failures and reach succeed with a better opportunity.
論文審定書 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
圖次 vi
表次 vii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機與目的 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 創業家 5
第二節 人格特質 6
第三節 創新特質 8
第四節 領導特質 12
第三章 研究方法 15
第一節 研究方法 15
第二節 個案研究 15
第三節 研究流程 16
第四節 資料蒐集方法 17
第五節 研究對象 18
第六節 資料分析 23
第七節 研究架構 24
第四章 研究結果與分析 25
第一節 先前知識 25
第二節 創業者個人特質 31
第三節 創業者信念與價值特質 36
第四節 企業經營與管理的特質 44
第五節 社會網絡 53
第五章 結論與建議 58
第一節 結論 58
第二節 研究限制 60
第三節 未來建議 61
參考文獻 62
一、 網站資料 62
二、 論文期刊 63
一、網站資料
1.經濟部中小企業處,(2016中小企業白皮書),2016年12月,取自
http://book.moeasmea.gov.tw/book/doc_detail.jsp?pub_SerialNo=2016A01268&click=2016A01268
2.創業精神暨發展指數(The Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute),2016年11月,取自
https://thegedi.org/global-entrepreneurship-and-development-index/
3.全球創業觀察組織(The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor,GEM),2016年11月,取自
http://www.gemconsortium.org/country-profiles
4.萬事達卡,女性創業指數(Mastercard Inaugural Women’s Entrepreneurial Index),2016年11月,取自
http://newsroom.mastercard.com/asia-pacific/press-releases/asia-pacifics-developed-markets-provide-more-conducive-supporting-conditions-for-women-entrepreneurs-than-emerging-markets/
5.1111人力銀行,職場新聞-逃離青貧 創業挖金?!青年創業現況調查,2017年5月,取自
https://www.1111.com.tw/news/surveyns_con.asp?ano=93498

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