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研究生:江明達
研究生(外文):CHIANG, MING-TA
論文名稱:功能性動作測試與競技體適能之相關性
論文名稱(外文):THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SYSTEM AND SKILL-RELATED FITNESS
指導教授:洪暐洪暐引用關係
指導教授(外文):HUNG, WEI
口試委員:馬義傑唐誌陽
口試委員(外文):MA, I-CHIEHTAUN, CHIH-YANG
口試日期:2017-08-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育運動大學
系所名稱:運動健康科學系碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:功能性動作檢測競技體適能運動表現
外文關鍵詞:Functional Movement Screenskill-related physical fitnesssports performance
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研究背景:運動選手在長期的訓練或高強度競賽下有受傷、肌力不平衡的可能性或激痛點的產生,長期的處在這樣的狀態下肌肉會漸漸失去功能,為了完成動作要召集周遭肌肉協助動作,即為代償動作(Compensatory Movements),長時間使用代償動作,會增加受傷的風險。功能性動作檢測系統(Functional Movement System :FMS)是近年國內外都相當熱門的功能性檢測方式,透過FMS可以檢查出運動選手自身的肌力不平衡現象,發現問題盡早調整,進而避免因為代償動作出現所產生的傷害。體適能可分為健康體適能(Health-related physical fitness)與競技體適能(Skill-related physical fitness),競技體適能被認為最符合運動選手在競賽場上的適應能力指標,包含了速度、敏捷性、爆發力、平衡性、協調性、反應時間等六項因素。目前多數FMS研究觀察傷害相關議題,僅有少數的研究在探討FMS與運動表現。本研究預期能夠找出FMS與競技體適能之間的相關性,不僅可以提供專任教練們一個評估運動選手自身運動潛力的方式,更可以提供運動選手了解自身的缺點,進而改善提升運動表現。
研究方法:招募「臺中市、彰化縣設有體育班之國高中學生」共135名,不設定專長項目,年齡介於12-17歲之間,受試者們皆需要接受FMS檢測與競技體適能檢測兩種檢測,並收集其數據加以分析。
研究結果:在深蹲、跨欄、直膝抬腿與競技體適能之間沒有顯著相關,而直線弓箭步與平衡能力有顯著相關、肩關節活動度與速度、敏捷性、協調性、反應時間、平衡能力有顯著相關、伏地挺身與速度、爆發力、協調性、反應時間有顯著相關、轉體穩定性與速度、爆發力、反應時間有顯著相關。
結論:肩關節活動度、伏地挺身、轉體穩定性與競技體適能之間有達到顯著相關,代表著FMS當中的肩關節活動度、伏地挺身、轉體穩定性可以用於預測運動員的速度、敏捷性、爆發力、反應時間等的運動表現,但深蹲、跨欄、直膝抬腿則沒有相關性。從研究的成果來看,我們認為核心的能力比其他因素更會影響著運動員的運動表現,而在研究中不顯著的原因,我們認為是運動員的身體限制,建議進行Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA)來找出問題,進而解除運動員的限制已恢復原有的功能性,便能提升運動表現。
Background: Athletes might be injured, muscular imbalance or had trigger point in long term training or high intensity competition, stay in this situation the muscular will dysfunction. For finish the action, it will recruit other muscle which located around to assist action, it called compensatory movements. Using compensatory movements for a long time will increase risk of injury. Functional Movement System (FMS) in the international is quite popular for functional screen, using FMS can easily and fast find athletes’ muscular imbalance. Find the problem and corrective it as soon as possible, can avoid injury. Physical fitness has been divided into Health-related physical fitness and Skill-related physical fitness.
Skill-related physical fitness is considered the most suits for athletes, it including speed, power, agility, coordination, balance and reaction time. This study hope could found the correlation between Functional Movement System and Skill-related Physical Fitness. It not only can provide coaches a way that evaluate athletes’ competition results, but also provide athletes to understand their weak link, to improve it.
Method: 135 high school or junior high students who studied physical education class in Taichung city, Changhua County. No limit sports expertise. All subjects completed the FMS test before the skill-related physical fitness collects data to be analyzed.
Result: There were no significant relevant between Deep Squat, Hurdle Step, Active Straight Leg Raise and Skill-related physical fitness, but In-line Lunge and balance were significant relevant(p<0.244), Shoulder mobility and speed(p<-0.283), Agility(p<-0.283), coordination(p<-0.278), reaction time(p<-0.187) and balance(p<0.280) were significant relevant, Trunk Stability Push-Up and speed(p<0.179), power(p<0.214), coordination(p<0.180), reaction time(p<0.176) were significant relevant, Rotary Stability and speed(p<0.229), power(p<0.186), reaction time(p<0.188) have significant relevant. Conclusion: Shoulder mobility, Trunk Stability Push-Up, Rotary Stability were significant relevant with Skill-related physical fitness, it means FMS’s Shoulder mobility, Trunk Stability Push-Up, Rotary Stability could prediction the athletes’ sports performance like speed, agility, power, reaction time, but Deep Squat, Hurdle Step, Active Straight Leg Raise were no significant relevant. From the research results, we think the ability of core muscle more than other factor can affect athletes’ sport performance, and the reason about no significant relevant, we think the athlete’s body limitation, suggest to use Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) to find out the problem, to figure out the limit to restore original functional to elevate sports performance.
目錄
中文摘要.........................I
ABSTRACT.........................III
謝誌............................V
第壹章 緒論.........................1
第一節 研究背景.......................1
第二節 研究目的.......................3
第三節 研究假設.......................3
第貳章 文獻探討.......................4
第一節 FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SYSTEM..........4
第二節 競技體適能代表的意義.................22
第三節 功能性動作檢測與競技體適能的關聯...........23
第參章 研究方法.......................26
第一節 實驗對象.......................26
第二節 實驗流程.......................26
第三節 數據分析.......................41
第四節 資料處理與統計分析..................46
第肆章 實驗結果.......................47
第一節 受試者資本資料....................47
第二節 功能性動作與競技體適能之相關.............49
第伍章 研究討論.......................92
第陸章 結論與建議......................106
文獻參考..........................107
表目錄
表1 體適能速度分級表....................42
表2 體適能平衡性分級表...................43
表3 體適能爆發力分級表...................43
表4 體適能敏捷性分級表...................44
表5 體適能協調性分級表...................44
表6 體適能反應時間分級表..................45
表7 各專長項目男女人數...................47
表8 受試者平均年齡、身高、體重、BMI ............47
表9 功能性動作與競技體適能之相關性.............49
表10 受試者基本資料比較表..................92
圖目錄
圖1 功能性金字塔......................2
圖2 肩胛活動三象限度活動示意圖...............13
圖3 手臂冠狀面上舉肩胛活動示意圖..............14
圖4 肢體動力鍊旋轉效應...................21
圖5 實驗流程........................26
圖6 IOI身體組成分析儀 ...................27
圖7 深蹲3分動作示範 ....................28
圖8 跨欄3分動作示範 ....................29
圖9 直線弓箭步3分動作示範 .................30
圖10 肩關節活動度3分動作與CLEARING TEST示範 ........31
圖11 直膝抬腿3分動作示範(側面) ...............32
圖12 伏地挺身軀幹穩定度3分動作(側面)與CLEARING TEST示範 ..33
圖13 轉體穩定性3分動作(側面)與CLEARING TEST示範 ......34
圖14 速度測驗示意圖 .....................35
圖15 BESS測試方式 ......................36
圖16 爆發力檢測示意圖.....................37
圖17 T-AGILITY TEST路線示意圖................38
圖18 FITLIGHT TRAINER示意圖.................39
圖19 FMS評分表........................41
圖20 深蹲與速度之相關分布圖 .................50
圖21 深蹲與敏捷性之相關分布圖 ................51
圖22 深蹲與爆發力之相關分布圖.................52
圖23 深蹲與協調性之相關分布圖.................53
圖24 深蹲與反應時間之相關分布圖................54
圖25 深蹲與平衡能力之相關分布圖................55
圖26 跨欄與速度之相關分布圖..................56
圖27 跨欄與敏捷性之相關分布圖.................57
圖28 跨欄與爆發力之相關分布圖.................58
圖29 跨欄與協調性之相關分布圖.................59
圖30 跨欄與反應時間之相關分布圖................60
圖31 跨欄與平衡能力之相關分布圖................61
圖32 直線弓箭步與速度之相關分布圖...............62
圖33 直線弓箭步與敏捷性之相關分布圖..............63
圖34 直線弓箭步與爆發力之相關分布圖..............64
圖35 直線弓箭步與協調性之相關分布圖..............65
圖36 直線弓箭步與反應時間之相關分布圖.............66
圖37 直線弓箭步與平衡能力之相關分布圖.............67
圖38 肩關節活動度與速度之相關分布圖..............68
圖39 肩關節活動度與敏捷性之相關分布圖.............69
圖40 肩關節活動度與爆發力之相關分布圖.............70
圖41 肩關節活動度與協調性之相關分布圖.............71
圖42 肩關節活動度與反應時間之相關分布圖............72
圖43 肩關節活動度與平衡能力之相關分布圖............73
圖44 直膝抬腿與速度之相關分布圖................74
圖45 直膝抬腿與敏捷性之相關分布圖...............75
圖46 直膝抬腿與爆發力之相關分布圖...............76
圖47 直膝抬腿與協調性之相關分布圖...............77
圖48 直膝抬腿與反應時間之相關分布圖..............78
圖49 直膝抬腿與平衡能力之相關分布圖..............79
圖50 伏地挺身與速度之相關分布圖................80
圖51 伏地挺身與敏捷性之相關分布圖...............81
圖52 伏地挺身與爆發力之相關分布圖...............82
圖53 伏地挺身與協調性之相關分布圖...............83
圖54 伏地挺身與反應時間之相關分布圖..............84
圖55 伏地挺身與平衡能力之相關分布圖..............85
圖56 轉體穩定性與速度之相關分布圖...............86
圖57 轉體穩定性與敏捷性之相關分布圖..............87
圖58 轉體穩定性與爆發力之相關分布圖..............88
圖59 轉體穩定性與協調性之相關分布圖..............89
圖60 轉體穩定性與反應時間之相關分布圖.............90
圖61 轉體穩定性與平衡能力之相關分布圖.............91
圖62 下交叉症候群.......................96
圖63 上交叉症候群示意圖....................100
圖64 肌筋膜旋線示意圖.....................103
附錄
受試者同意書..........................114
人體試驗委員會同意書......................119
人體試驗課程研習證書......................120









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