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研究生:吳建辰
研究生(外文):Wu,Chien-Chen
論文名稱:基本心理需求滿足與否對運動員主觀幸福感的關係:自我決定理論的取向
論文名稱(外文):The relationships among basic psychological needs satisfaction and threats to athletes’ subjective well-being: A SDT approach
指導教授:聶喬齡聶喬齡引用關係
指導教授(外文):Nien,Chiao-Lin
口試委員:蔣任翔卓國雄
口試委員(外文):Jiang, Ren-shiangCho, Kuo-hsiung
口試日期:2018-01-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育運動大學
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:學生運動員相對自主指數階層迴歸
外文關鍵詞:student-athletesRAIhierarchical regression
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本研究目的旨在探討運動員的主觀幸福感的產生與感受產生的歷程。其中,最重要的在於探討除了基本心理需求的滿足之外,基本心理需求的不滿足對於自我決定的動機影響,進而對於主觀幸福感產生的影響歷程。本研究以335位大學學生運動員為研究參與者,進行包括基本心理需求滿足與不滿足、自我決定的動機和主觀幸福感的問卷調查。在取得研究倫理許可與研究參與者的受試同意後,始進行資料的蒐集。研究結果發現,運動員的基本心理需求滿足與不滿足間,呈現中低程度的負相關。而運動員參與運動訓練的自我決定動機,則主要受到運動員隸屬感與能力感滿足,和自主性支持不足的影響。最後,運動員的主觀幸福感,則受到運動員的自我決定動機和基本心理需求滿足的影響。相關的研究建議與討論,分項根據研究發現給予建議。
The aims of the present study were to explore the relationships among needs satisfaction and threats to athletes’ motivation and subjective well-being. Participants were 335 student-athletes who conducted several different questionnaires after ethic approval and subject consents were collected. Results were found including negative correlations between psychological need satisfactions and need threats. Simple regression of prediction of SDT motivation was carried and the several predictors were found, such as relatedness need satisfaction, competence need satisfaction and need threat of autonomy. The results regarding athletes’ subjective well-being, positive predictors including SDT motivation and need satisfaction were witnessed. Discussion were suggested and followed by future application regarding training and practices.
中文摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
謝誌 III
目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 2
第二節 研究目的 6
第三節 研究問題 7
第四節 名詞解釋 8
第貳章 文獻探討 10
第一節 基本心理需求滿足與不滿足與自我決定動機的關係 11
第二節 自我決定動機對主觀幸福感的影響 13
第三節 研究假設 14
第參章 研究方法 15
第一節 研究參與者 15
第二節 研究流程 15
第三節 研究工具 16
第四節 統計分析 19
第五節 研究倫理 19
第肆章 結果與討論 20
第一節 描述性統計 20
第二節 心理需求滿足與否對自我決定動機的關係 23
第三節 心理需求滿足與否、自我決定動機預測幸福感的關係 25
第伍章 結論與建議 28
第一節 結論 28
第二節 建議 29
參考文獻 32
附錄 40

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1. 王傑賢、鄭志富、陳天賜(2015)。大專職員休閒運動參與關係感、社會休閒滿意與主觀幸福感之相關研究-以國立臺灣師範大學為例。臺灣體育運動管理學報, 15(2),333-349。doi:10.6547/tassm.2015.0014
2. 李素箱、郭府華、楊文儀、林志偉(2016)。高中運動社團之熱情、動機對主觀幸福感之影響。交大體育學刊,12,1-11。
3. 莊耀嘉、黃光國 (1981)。國中學生的成敗歸因與無助感特徵。中華心理學刊, 23(2),155-164。
4. 陳建瑋、季力康(2009)。大學生不同運動階段基本心理需求與主觀幸福感之相關研究。體育學報, 42(1),25-37。doi:10.6222/pej.4201.200903.0703
5. 陳思羽、張文馨、季力康 (2016)。知覺教練自主支持與主觀幸福感的關係:國高中體育班學生同儕動機氣候的中介效果。文化體育學刊,23,35-48。doi:10.6634/jpss-ccu.201606.23.04
6. 陳偉瑀 (2016)。不同類型運動觀光客在參與動機、遊憩體驗與幸福感之相關研究。旅遊健康學刊,15(1),41-54。
7. 陳龍弘、張文馨、張硯評(2015)。正向心理學與運動心理學的相逢。體育學報, 48(2),123-138。doi:10.3966/102472972015064802001
8. 黃中興、張少熙、黃國恩 (2016)。大學生休閒運動心理需求、生活壓力與幸福感之研究-以國立臺灣大學為例。臺大體育學報,30,23-32。doi:10.6569/ntujpe.2016.30.03
9. 葉麗琴、葉麗珠 (2012)。自我決定理論在健身運動領域之驗證。大專體育學刊,14(2),188-196。 doi:10.5297/ser.1402.006
10. 鍾伯光(2010)。自我決定理論在教練工作上的應用。運動教練科學,20, 1-9。doi:10.6194/scs.2010.20.01
 
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