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研究生:蕭鳳賢
研究生(外文):Hsiao, Feng-Hsien
論文名稱:珍·奧斯汀小說世界裡的情感與理智
論文名稱(外文):Feeling and Reason in Jane Austen's Fictional World
指導教授:陳皇華陳皇華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Huang-Hua
口試委員:林宜莊蕭嫣嫣
口試委員(外文):Lin, Yi-JuangHsiao, Yen-Yen
口試日期:2018-01-03
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:英文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:情感理智互補矛盾衝突美滿婚姻大衛·休默依曼努爾·康德
外文關鍵詞:FeelingReasoncomplementarycontradictorymarital felicityDavid HumeImmanuel Kant
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這篇論文主要透過珍·奧斯汀的三本小說: 《理性與感性》、《傲慢與偏見》、《愛情與友誼》中女性主角所表達出女性特質來揭示十八世紀的情感元素。以珍·奧斯汀的觀點來說,理智情感的平衡是維持美滿婚姻的關鍵,也就是在小說的開頭就提示理性與感性應互補而非互相矛盾衝突。
這篇論文同時也揭發了十八世紀當代哲學家,大衛·休默及依曼努爾·康德,兩位哲學家偏重情感或理智較重要性,相異的哲學觀點。身為一位經驗論者,休默強調理智已變成情感與熱情元素的奴隸,被驅使著。珍·奧斯汀這三本小說鮮明地刻劃女性不懈努力地在生活中,保持情感與理智之間的平衡。因此,情感與理智挑戰了人類的知識論,造就許多人解決兩種元素之間存在的許多矛盾。
This thesis proposes to explore Jane Austen’s Sense & Sensibility, Pride & Prejudice and Love & Friendship through the contour of study of eighteenth-century feeling, notably those qualities related to her fictional heroines as well as femininity around Austen’s time. For Austen, reason and feeling must keep to the balance for marital felicity. What is foregrounded in the novel, namely, sense and sensibility, therefore needs to be complementary instead of contradictory.
This thesis also explores the contemporary philosophers of eighteenth-century, like David Hume’s and Immanuel Kant’s, diversified thoughts on feeling and reason. As an empiricist, Hume focuses on human’s reason becoming the slave of feeling and passion. Jane Austen’s three novels have vividly portrayed women’s tenacious effort to keep the balance between feeling and reason in life. Therefore, feeling and reason challenge much human’s epistemology, from which many people need to resolve the ambiguities in between.
Table of Contents

Introduction.....................................................1

Chapter One: Feeling and Reason in Sense & Sensibility
I. Emotion, Reason and Human nature ........................18
II. Sisterhood love and conflicts............................29
III. Balance between sense and sensibility....................38

Chapter Two: Passion and Reason in Pride & Prejudice
I. Self-conceit for pride and self-center for prejudice.....45
II. Elizabeth’s independent love.............................55
III. Marriages between passion and reason.....................65
IV. Bennet sisters bildungsroman.............................73

Chapter Three: Compassion and Reason in Love & Friendship
I. Compassion, like Laura’s sympathy; Reason, like Marianne’s apathy 80
II. Sentimentalism of fainting scenes........................89
III. Jane Austen’s epistolary writings........................96

Conclusion.......................................................106

Works Cited......................................................116

vi
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