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研究生:譚欣欣
研究生(外文):Tam, Ian-Ian
論文名稱:以生命影響生命--教師實踐社群和專業資本發展之個案研究
論文名稱(外文):Lives affect lives-- A Case Study on the Teachers’ Community of Practice and the Development of Professional Capital
指導教授:陳佩英陳佩英引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Pei-Ying
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育政策與行政研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:教育行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:207
中文關鍵詞:教師實踐社群專業資本教師專業成長
外文關鍵詞:Teachers' practice communityProfessional capitalTeacher professional development
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在教育改革的大環境之下,教師的角色越來越多樣化,而教師需擔負起的責任也日趨重大,教師專業能力及其成長的議題受到世界各國的重視。建立專業學習社群為提升教師專業的有效方式之一,而教師的專業成長的任務著重於教育實踐的改進,而教師專業資本的積累有助於教學效能的提升。因此,聚焦於教師實踐社群的建構與運作,探討教師專業資本的積累,將有助於突破傳統教師專業發展的模式,帶來新的方向。
本研究以蒲公英教師實踐社群為個案,探討此教師實踐社群的建構、運作與教師專業資本的積累。研究採取觀察記錄、文件分析等方法進行蒐集資料,以及對蒲公英教師實踐社群的召集人一位、教師四位進行深度訪談,進一步蒐集與分析資料,針對個案教師實踐社群的運作進行討論,並探討教師專業資本的積累。
透過研究發現,教師實踐社群的建構與運作除了召集人的努力之外,還有賴一眾的老師與研究團隊的積極參與,形塑出社群的運作模式與特色。此外,透過教師實踐社群的參與發現,教師專業資本的積累與運用以社會資本為關鍵,藉由信任關係的連結促進人力資本與判斷資本的積累運用。在成長的歷程中,種子老師得到了個人化的專業成長,而協作輔導老師也在陪伴的過程中增進了專業知能,激勵了老師們專業資本的積累、分享與運用。與此同時,個案教師實踐社群亦面臨著規模擴充、人員招募、未來發展的挑戰。
本研究根據上述的研究結論,進一步提出有關教師實踐社群建構、運作,以及教師專業資本積累之相關建議,提供教育行政機關、學校、教師社群,以及後續研究之參考。
Under the educational reform, the role of teachers becomes more and more diverse, and the responsibility of teachers has also become more and more important, the topic of teachers' professional competence and its growth has attracted much attention from all over the world. The accumulation of teachers' professional capital contributed to the improvement of teaching effectiveness, established a professional learning community was one of the effective ways to improve the teachers' profession, therefore, focus on the construction and operation of teachers' practice community, we also discussed the accumulation of teachers' professional capital, it helped us to break through the traditional model of teacher professional development, and got the teacher professional development to a new direction.
In this study, we were used “Dandelion Teacher Practice Community” as the case study object; which we discussed its construction and operation, and the accumulation process of teachers' professional capital through this community. This study was used observation records, document analysis, and then based on the depth- interview of one convener and five teachers to collect and analysis of data. By integrated above mentioned methods, generalized the case teachers' practice community operation, and discussed the accumulation of teachers' professional capital.
We found that the construction and operation of teachers' practice community were not only needed the efforts of convener, there were also needed the active participation of teachers and research teams, and then constructed the community operation mode and its characteristics. The key of accumulation and application of teachers' professional capital was Social capital, through the connection of trust relationships to facilitate the accumulation and application of Human capital and Decisional capital. Therefore, through the practice community of teachers, the Seed teachers got personalized professional development, and Collaborative teachers also enhanced their professional capital. It encouraged teachers to accumulate, share and use their professional capital. But at the same time, the community of case teachers was also faced with the challenges of scale expansion, personnel recruitment and the difficulty in the future development.
Based on the conclusions of this case study, here also have some suggestions on the accumulation of teachers' professional capital, provide to educational administrative institutions, schools and community of teachers, and as a reference for follow-up studies.
目次
致謝詞 i
中文摘要 ii
英文摘要 iii
目次 v
表次 vii
圖次 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的與待答問題 5
第三節 名詞釋義 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 教師專業發展之綜觀 9
第二節 實踐社群之探究 18
第三節 教師專業資本之探究 35
第四節 實踐社群與專業資本之相關研究 47
第三章 研究設計與實施 51
第一節 研究方法 51
第二節 研究對象 53
第三節 研究流程 55
第四節 資料整理 56
第五節 研究倫理 58
第六節 研究限制 59
第四章 研究結果分析與討論 61
第一節 蒲公英教師實踐社群之成立與發展階段 61
第二節 蒲公英教師實踐社群之組織運作 94
第三節 同儕諮詢案例之討論 108
第四節 教師專業資本之積累與運用 160
第五章 結論、建議與省思 181
第一節 結論 181
第二節 建議 184
第三節 省思與展望 186
參考文獻 189
中文部分 189
英文部分 192
附錄 199
附錄一 研究者參與觀察之時間列表 199
附錄二 研究中所參考之文件資料列表 200
附錄三 訪談同意書 201
附錄四 訪談大綱(召集人版本) 202
附錄五 訪談大綱(協作老師版本) 203
附錄六 訪談大綱(種子老師版本) 204
附錄七 蒲公英教師實踐社群發展歷程圖 205
附錄八 C01、C02與S01老師之討論與回饋時間列表 206
附錄九 蒲公英教師實踐社群中所使用的工具列表 207
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