(3.237.97.64) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/05 03:52
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳松靖
研究生(外文):Sung-Ching Chen
論文名稱:綠色混凝土與無機塗封材料性能研究
論文名稱(外文):Performance of Green Concrete and Inorganic Coating Materials
指導教授:黃然黃然引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang, Ran
口試委員:徐輝明趙紹錚張建智葉為忠翁在龍紀茂傑
口試委員(外文):Hsu, Hui-MiChao, Sao-JengChang, Jiang-JhyYeih, Wei-ChungWeng, Tsai-LungChi, Mao-chieh
口試日期:2018-01-13
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:河海工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:河海工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:田口法無機塗封材料綠色混凝土
外文關鍵詞:Taguchi methodInorganic coating materialsGreen concrete
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:87
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
基於永續發展的需求,為保護自然資源及降低二氧化碳的排放,使用再生材料已成為趨勢。本研究主要評估影響創新型綠色混凝土性能的關鍵因素,其因素有再生混凝土粒料、矽粉及PV廢玻璃粉。此外,也研究用作混凝土表面的無機塗封材料。應用田口法設計兩個獨立的試驗計畫,以獲得影響綠色混凝土及無機塗封材料性能的關鍵因素。
研究結果顯示,綠色混凝土的關鍵影響因素有再生粗粒料取代率,基材水膠比及再生細粒料取代率,無機塗封材料的關鍵影響因素是塗封層數、再生細粒料取代率和塗封齡期。無機塗封材在綠色混凝土中的應用,可從RCPT試驗結果顯示,阻止氯離子穿透性成效佳。多孔綠色混凝土耐久性較差的缺點,將透過塗封材料得以彌補。
Based on the requirements of sustainable development, use of recycled materials becomes a trend to preserve nature resource and to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide. This study was aimed to evaluate the key factors affecting the properties of innovative green concrete incorporated with recycled concrete aggregates, silica fume and PV waste glass powder. In addition, the effects of inorganic sealers used as concrete coating materials were also studied. Taguchi method was applied to design two separate testing proprams in order to obtain the key factors affecting the properties of green concrete and inorganic concrete sealer.
Testing results indicates that the key factors for green concrete are recycled coarse aggregate substitution percentage, water-binder ratio and recycled fine aggregate substitution percentage and the key factors for inorganic sealer are the layer number of sealer placement, recycled fine aggregate substitution percentage and sealer age after placement. And the application of inorganic sealer on green concrete illustrates better resistance of chloride penetration based on the RCPT testing results. This implies the less durability disadvantage of porous green concrete would be remedied by coating materials application.
摘 要 I
Abstract II
目 次 III
圖目次 V
表目次 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究方法 2
1.4 研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 綠色混凝土 4
2.1.1 綠色混凝土定義 4
2.1.2 綠色混凝土特色 4
2.2 混凝土表面塗封材料 5
2.2.1 有機及無機材料 5
2.2.2 混凝土表面處理 6
2.2.3 塗封材料之類型 7
2.3 太陽光電(PV)模組現況情形 10
2.3.1 產業狀況 10
2.3.2 模組組成 11
2.3.3 回收處理 15
2.4 再生粒料於混凝土之工程性質探討 16
2.4.1 再生粒料於混凝土之力學性質 17
2.4.2 再生粒料於混凝土之耐久性 18
2.4.3 再生粗粒料性質 19
2.4.4 再生細粒料性質 20
2.5 田口方法 23
2.5.1 參數設計 23
2.5.2 信號雜訊比 25
2.5.3 直交表設計 27
2.5.4 變異分析 29
2.5.5 執行步驟 31
第三章 實驗計畫 34
3.1 實驗流程 34
3.2 控制因子及直交表選定 37
3.3 品質特性 39
3.4 試驗變數選擇 39
3.5 材料性質 39
3.6 試體與配比設計 47
3.7 試驗方法與設備 49
第四章 綠色混凝土重要因子及水準探討 56
4.1 抗壓強度試驗品質特性 56
4.2 吸水率試驗品質特性 59
4.3 綠色混凝土因子與水準綜合探論 62
第五章 無機塗封材料重要因子及水準探討 63
5.1 吸水率試驗品質特性 63
5.2 初始表面吸水率試驗品質特性 65
5.3 無機塗封材料滲透至基材分析探討 67
5.4 無機塗封材料因子與水準綜合探論 69
第六章 綠色混凝土塗封無機材料之效能探討 70
6.1 試驗變數及配比設計 70
6.2 抗壓強度試驗 71
6.3 吸水率試驗及初始表面吸水率 72
6.4 四極式電阻試驗 75
6.5 加速氯離子滲透試驗 76
6.6 壓汞孔隙量測試驗 77
6.7 電子顯微鏡試驗 78
第七章 結論與建議 80
7.1 結論 80
7.2 建議 81
參考文獻 82
[1] M. Shahul Hameed and A. S. S. Sekar, Properties of green concrete containing quarry rock dust and marble sludge powder as fine aggregate, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 4, N0. 4, 2009.
[2] 韩建国、阎培渝,绿色混凝土的研究和应用现状及发展趋势,綠色混凝土,No.84,2016。
[3] 張大鵬、黃兆龍,綠混凝土性質與指標之研究,國立臺灣科技大學,內政部建築研究所,2009。
[4] 蕭添進、張大鵬、蔡得時、楊宗叡,再生粒料混凝土配比方法與最優選工程性質之評估研究,中國土木水利工程學刊,第二十二卷,第四期,2000。
[5] M.T. Kubal, Construction Waterproofing Handbook: Second Edition, 2008.
[6] GB 18445-2001, 水泥基渗透结晶型防水材料, 中華人民共和國國家標準。
[7] L. Shi, J.Z. Liu, J.P. Liu, Effect of polymer coating on the properties of surface layer concrete. Procedia Engineering, Vol.27, pp.291–300, 2012.
[8] F. SA, Bruce SM, Transport Agency research report 403, The influence of surface treatments on the service lives of concrete bridges, 2010.
[9] A.A. Almusallam , F.M. Khan, S.U. Dulaijan, O.S.B. Al-Amoudi, Effectiveness of surface coatings in improving concrete durability. Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 25, 473–481, 2003.
[10] Y.M. Han, G.S. Dong, S.C. Doo, Evaluation of the durability of mortar and concrete appliedwith inorganic coating material and surface treatment system, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 21, pp.362–369, 2007.
[11] European Standard EN 1504-2, Products and systems for the protection and repair of concrete structures — Definitions, requirements, quality control and evaluation of conformity —Part 2: Surface protection systems for concrete , 2004.
[12] F.Sybertz, Comparison of different methods for testing the pozzolanic activity of fly ashes, in Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag, and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete,Vol.1, Ed. V.M.Malhotra, ACI SP-114, pp. 477–97, 1989.
[13] G. Mays, Durability of Concrete Structures: Investigation, Repair, Protection, E&FN Chapter 5 B Surface treatments j.G.keer, 1992.
[14] I.J. Vries, R.B. Polder, Hydrophobic Treatment of Concrete, Construction and Building Materials, Vol.11, No.4, pp. 259–265, 1997.
[15] 鄧麗維,混凝土使用再生太陽能板玻璃粉特性之研究,國立臺灣海洋大學河海工程學系博士論文,2015。
[16] 璩青皓,多晶矽粉末對再生水泥基質材料特性影響之研究,國立宜蘭大學土木工程學系碩士論文,2017。
[17] 范承志,使用再生粒料對水泥基複合材料性質影響之研究,國立臺灣海洋大學材料工程學系博士論文,2015。
[18] 邱鳳娟,實驗計畫法與田口法應用於再生混凝土配比設計之比較研究,中華大學碩士論文,2017。
[19] Chesner, W. H., Collons, R. J., and MacKay, M. H.,User Guidelines for Waste and Byproduct Materials in Pavement Construction, Federal Highway Administration Office of Engineering R&D, Publication No. FHWA-RD-97-148, Mclean, Virginia, 1997.
[20] 張世健,「再生混凝土之製造及性質研究」,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文,1997。
[21] A.D. back ,「Recycle concrete as a source of aggregate」,ACI Journal,Title No.74-22, pp212-219, 1977。
[22] T. C. Hansen, and H. Narud, “Strength of Recycle Concrete Made from Crushed Coarse Aggregate,”Concrete International, 1983。
[23] B.C.S.J,「Study on Recycled Aggregate and Recycled Aggregate Concrete」,Building Contractors Society of Japan Committee on Disposal and Reuse of Concrete Construction Waste , Summary in Concrete Journal , Japan.16, No7, PP18-31 ,1978.
[24] 黃國發,「紅磚含量對再生混凝土工程性質影響之研究」,國立臺灣科技大學碩士論文,2001。
[25] 郭宗岳,「混凝土當作再製粒料的研究」,營建世界,P.59~P.67,1980。
[26] Limbachiya, M.; Meddah, M. S.; Ouchagour, Y., Use of recycled concrete aggregate infly-ash concrete. Construction and Building Materials 2011.
[27] Fonseca, N.; de Brito, J.; Evangelista, L., The influence of curing conditions on the mechanical performance of concrete made with recycled concrete waste. Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol.33, No.6, pp.637-643, 2011.
[28] Choi, W. C.; Yun, H. D., Compressive behavior of reinforced concrete columns with recycled aggregate under uniaxial loading. Engineering Structures,vol. 41, pp.285-293, 2012.
[29] Ismail, S.; Ramli, M., Engineering properties of treated recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) for structural applications. Construction and Building Materials, vol.44, pp.464-476, 2013.
[30] Kou, S. C.; Poon, C. S., Properties of self-compacting concrete prepared with coarse and fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cement and Concrete Composites, vol.31, No.9,pp.62-627,2009.
[31] Manzi, S.; Mazzotti, C.; Bignozzi, M. C., Short and long-term behavior of structural concrete with recycled concrete aggregate. Cement & Concrete Composites,vol.37, pp.312-318, 2013.
[32] Behera, M.; Bhattacharyya, S. K.; Minocha, A. K.; Deoliya, R.; Maiti, S., Recycled aggregate from C&D waste & its use in concrete – A breakthrough towards sustainability in construction sector: A review. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 68, pp.501-516, 2014.
[33] Duan, Z. H.; Poon, C. S., Properties of recycled aggregate concrete made with recycled aggregates with different amounts of old adhered mortars. Materials & Design,Vol.58, pp.19-29, 2014.
[34] Güneyisi, E.; Gesoğlu, M.; Algın, Z.; Yazıcı, H., Effect of surface treatment methods on the properties of self-compacting concrete with recycled aggregates. Construction and Building Materials,Vol. 64, pp.172-183, 2014.
[35] Galvin, A. P.; Agrela, F.; Ayuso, J.; Beltran, M. G.; Barbudo, A., Leaching assessment of concrete made of recycled coarse aggregate: physical and environmenetal characterization of aggregates and hardened concrete. Waste management,Vol.34, No.9,pp.693-704, 2014.
[36] Ismail, S.; Ramli, M., Mechanical strength and drying shrinkage properties of concrete containing treated coarse recycled concrete aggregates. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.68, pp.726-739, 2014.
[37] Kanellopoulos, A.; Nicolaides, D.; Petrou, M. F., Mechanical and durability properties of concretes containing recycled lime powder and recycled aggregates. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.53, pp.253-259, 2014.
[38] Huda, S. B.; Alam, M. S., Mechanical behavior of three generations of 100% repeated recycled coarse aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.65, pp.574-582, 2014.
[39] Pedro, D.; de Brito, J.; Evangelista, L., Influence of the use of recycled concrete
[40] Brand, A. S.; Roesler, J. R.; Salas, A., Initial moisture and mixing effects on higher quality recycled coarse aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.79, pp.83-89, 2015.
[41] Çakır, Ö.; Sofyanlı, Ö. Ö., Influence of silica fume on mechanical and physical properties of recycled aggregate concrete. HBRC Journal,Vol.11,No.2, pp.157-166, 2015.
[42] Huda, S. B.; Shahria Alam, M., Mechanical and Freeze-Thaw Durability Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Made with Recycled Coarse Aggregate. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 2015.
[43] Xuan, D.; Zhan, B.; Poon, C. S., Assessment of mechanical properties of concrete incorporating carbonated recycled concrete aggregates. Cement and concrete composites,Vol.65, pp.67-74, 2015.
[44] Huda, S. B.; Alam, M. S., Mechanical behavior of three generations of 100% repeated recycled coarse aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.65,pp.574-582, 2014.
[45] Choi, W. C.; Yun, H. D., Compressive behavior of reinforced concrete columns with recycled aggregate under uniaxial loading. Engineering Structures,Vol.41, pp.285-293,2012.
[46] Poon, C. S.; Qiao, X. C.; Chan, D., The cause and influence of self-cementing properties of fine recycled concrete aggregates on the properties of unbound sub-base. Waste management,Vol.26, No.10,pp.1166-72,2006,.
[47] Poon, C. S.; Chan, D., Paving blocks made with recycled concrete aggregate and crushed clay brick. Construction and Building Materials , Vol.20,No.8,pp.569-577,2006.
[48] Poon, C. S.; Chan, D., Feasible use of recycled concrete aggregates and crushed clay brick as unbound road sub-base. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.20, No.8, pp.578-585,2006.
[49] Lotfy, A.; Al-Fayez, M., Performance evaluation of structural concrete using controlled quality coarse and fine recycled concrete aggregate. Cement and Concrete Composites , Vol.61, pp.36-43, 2015.
[50] Kim, S. W.; Yun, H. D., Evaluation of the bond behavior of steel reinforcing bars in recycled fine aggregate concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites ,Vol.46, pp.8-18,2014.
[51] Zhu, L.; Dai, J.; Bai, G.; Zhang, F., Study on thermal properties of recycled aggregate concrete and recycled concrete blocks. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.94,pp.620-628, 2015.
[52] Omary, S.; Ghorbel, E.; Wardeh, G., Relationships between recycled concrete aggregates characteristics and recycled aggregates concretes properties. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.108,pp.163-174,2016.
[53] Khatib, J. M., Properties of concrete incorporating fine recycled aggregate, Cement and Concrete Research Vol.35,No.4,pp.763-769, 2005.
[54] Evangelista, L.; de Brito, J., Durability performance of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol.32, No.1,pp.9-14, 2010,.
[55] Evangelista, L.; de Brito, J., Mechanical behaviour of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cement and Concrete Composties, Vol.29,No.5, pp.397-401, 2007.
[56] Zega, C. J.; Di Maio, A. A., Use of recycled fine aggregate in concretes with durable requirements. Waste management,Vol.31,No.11, pp.2336-40, 2011.
[57] Pereira, P.; Evangelista, L.; de Brito, J., The effect of superplasticizers on the mechanical performance of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol.34,No.9,pp.1044-1052,2012.
[58] Pereira, P.; Evangelista, L.; de Brito, J., The effect of superplasticisers on the workability and compressive strength of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.28,No.1, pp.722-729, 2012,.
[59] Ledesma, E. F.; Jiménez, J. R.; Fernández, J. M.; Galvín, A. P.; Agrela, F.; Barbudo, A., Properties of Masonry mortars manufactured with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.71,pp. 289-298, 2014.
[60] Bogas, J. A.; de Brito, J.; Ramos, D., Freeze-thaw resistance of concrete produced with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol.115, pp.294-306, 2016.
[61] Lee, S. T., Influence of recycled fine aggregates on the resistance of mortars to magnesium sulfate attack. Waste management,Vol.29, No.8, pp.2385-91, 2009.
[62] Sim, J.; Park, C., Compressive strength and resistance to chloride ion penetration and carbonation of recycled aggregate concrete with varying amount of fly ash and fine recycled aggregate. Waste management, Vol.31,No.11, pp.2352-60, 2011.
[63] Koshiro, Y.; Ichise, K., Application of entire concrete waste reuse model to produce recycled aggregate class H. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.67, pp.308-314, 2014.
[64] Yoda, K.; Shintani, A., Building application of recycled aggregate concrete for upper-ground structural elements. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.67, pp.379-385, 2014.
[65] Tangchirapat, W.; Buranasing, R.; Jaturapitakkul, C.; Chindaprasirt, P., Influence of rice husk-bark ash on mechanical properties of concrete containing high amount of recycled aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.22, No.8, pp.1812-1819, 2008.
[66] Cabral, A. E. B.; Schalch, V.; Molin, D. C. C. D.; Ribeiro, J. L. D., Mechanical properties modeling of recycled aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.24, No.4 ,pp.421-430, 2010,
[67] Shui, Z.; Xuan, D.; Wan, H.; Cao, B., Rehydration reactivity of recycled mortar from concrete waste experienced to thermal treatment. Construction and Building Materials,Vol.22, No.8, pp.1723-1729, 2008.
[68] Yang, K. H.; Chung, H. S.; Ashraf, F. A., Influence of type and Replacement Level of Recycled Aggregates on Concrete Properties. ACI Materials Journal Vol.105, No.3, 2008,
[69] Ji, T.; Chen, C. Y.; Chen, Y. Y.; Zhuang, Y. Z.; Chen, J. F.; Lin, X. j., Effect of moisture state of recycled fine aggregate on the cracking resistibility of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.44, pp.726-733, 2013.
[70] Florea, M. V. A.; Brouwers, H. J. H., Properties of various size fractions of crushed concrete related to process conditions and re-use. Cement and Concrete Research,Vol.52, pp.11-21, 2013.
[71] Poon, C. S.; Qiao, X. C.; Chan, D., The cause and influence of self-cementing properties of fine recycled concrete aggregates on the properties of unbound sub-base. Waste management,Vol.26, No.10, pp.1166-72, 2006.
[72] Evangelista, L.; de Brito, J., Durability performance of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cement and Concrete Composites,Vol.32, No.1,pp.9-14, 2010.
[73] Kim, S. W.; Yun, H. D., Evaluation of the bond behavior of steel reinforcing bars in recycled fine aggregate concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites,Vol.46, pp.8-18, 2014.
[74] Lotfy, A.; Al-Fayez, M., Performance evaluation of structural concrete using controlled quality coarse and fine recycled concrete aggregate. Cement and Concrete Composites,Vol.61, pp.36-43, 2015.
[75] Khatib, J. M., Properties of concrete incorporating fine recycled aggregate, Cement and Concrete Research,Vol.35, No.4, pp.763-769, 2005.
[76] 張清雲,多重品質特性最適配比設計與辨識能力評估模型建構之研究,國立臺灣海洋大學河海工程學系博士論文,2011。
[77] 鄒思宇,水泥質系滲透結晶型塗封材料防護效能及機理之研究,國立臺灣海洋大學河海工程學系博士論文,2012。
[78] Marcel Ortgiese, Ellen Baake, Hans-Otto Georgii. "Stochastics", Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2008
[79] G. Taguchi, Introduction to quality engineering: Designing quality into product and process, UNIPUB, 1986.
[80] G. Taguchi, S. Konishi, and Y. Wu, Taguchi method: Research and development, Quality Engineering Series, ASI, 1992.
[81] A. S. Hedayat, N.J.A. Sloane, and John Stufken, Orthogonal Arrays:Theory and Applications, Springer, New York, 1999.
[82] J. Antony, Design of Experiments for Engineers and Scientists, 2003.
[83] M. Fryman, Quality and Process Improvement, 2002.
[84] G.E.P. Box, W.G. Hunter, J.S. Hunter, Statistics for experiments—An introduction to design, data analysis, and model building, John Wiley & Sons, 1978.
[85] G.E.P. Box, J.S. Hunter, W.G. Hunter, Statistics for experiments, design, innovation, and discovery, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.
[86] Khatib, J. M., Properties of concrete incorporating fine recycled aggregate, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.35,No.4,pp.763-769, 2005.
[87] E. Ayan, O. Saatcioglu, L. Turanli. Parameter optimization on compressive strength of steel fiber reinforced, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25 pp.2837–2844, 2011.
[88] M. S. Phadke, “Quality engineering using robust design,” Prentice-Hall, 1989.
[89] 鄭崇義,「田口品質工程技術理論與實務」,中華民國品質學會,1999。
[90] 渡部義晴,陳耀茂譯,「田口方法的應用」,鼎茂圖書,2011。
[91] 李輝煌,「田口方法—品質設計的原理與實務」,高立圖書有限公司,2011。
[92] ASTM C39/C39M–12a, Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2013.
[93] ASTM C642-13 Standard Test Method for Density, Absorption, and Voids in Hardened Concrete, American Society for Testing and Materials; 2013.
[94] BS 1881-208. Testing concrete — Part 208: Recommendations for the determination of the initial surface absorption of concrete. The British Standards Institution. 1996.
[95] Su, Haolin, Jian Yang, Tung-Chai Ling, Gurmel S.Ghataora, and Samir Dirar. "Properties of concrete prepared with waste tyre rubber particles of uniform and varying sizes", Journal of Cleaner Production, 2015.
[96] ASTM C1202-12. Standard Test Method for Electrical Indication of Concrete's Ability to Resist Chloride Ion Penetration, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2012.
[97] ASTM D4404–10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Pore Volume and Pore Volume Distribution of Soil and Rock by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2010.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔