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研究生:羅彥翔
研究生(外文):LO, Yan-Shawn
論文名稱:基於經蛋白處理的ZnO納米棒陣列的光電子器件研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Optoelectronic Devices Based on the Egg White Treated ZnO Nanorods Arrays
指導教授:林泰源林泰源引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Tai-Yuan
口試委員:沈志霖許芳琪連詹田
口試委員(外文):Shen, Ji-LinHsu, Fang-ChiLien, Jan-Tien
口試日期:2018-07-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:光電科學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:純化蛋白表面鈍化氧化鋅奈米柱水熱法發光二極體硫化
外文關鍵詞:albumensurface passivationZnO nanorodshydrothermal methodLight emitting diodesulfidation
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本論文研究雞蛋白對於雞蛋白/氧化鋅奈米柱/p型-氮化鎵(egg white/ZnO nanorods(NRs)/p-GaN)結構之光電性質的影響。光激螢光(photoluminescence, PL)測量的結果表明,經雞蛋白覆蓋的ZnO NRs 有較優異的發光增強性質,近能帶邊(near band edge)發光可增強2.58倍。藉由紫外-可見光吸收與時間解析光激螢光的量測結果,可推測雞蛋白覆蓋處理可以降低ZnO NR帶尾能量與缺陷載子捕捉。連同X光繞射與X光光電子譜的量測結果顯示,蛋白質覆蓋處理不僅鈍化(Passivation)ZnO NRs的表面缺陷,並可導致ZnO近能帶邊的發光增強和抑制缺陷的發光。最後,我們演示雞蛋白生物聚合物的覆蓋處理能夠增強ZnO NRs/GaN異質結構光電子器件之性能,有雞蛋白覆蓋退火後之ZnO NRs/GaN之電激發光(electroluminescence, EL)強度比未覆蓋雞蛋白的ZnO NRs/GaN 之EL發光強度增強10倍。雞蛋白覆蓋的ZnO NRs之光學和電學性質,也一併在本論文做詳細的探討。
The effects of egg white treatment on the near-band-edge emission of ZnO nanorods (NRs) have been studied by UV-vis absorption, photoluminescence (PL), and time-resolved PL (TRPL) measurements. The results of PL measurement showed that the egg white capped ZnO NRs exhibited superior luminescence properties, which were found to be strongly dependent on the thickness of egg white. Furthermore, the results of UV-vis absorption and TRPL measurements suggested reduced band-tail energy and carrier trapping by defects in the egg white capped ZnO NRs. Together with the results of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), the egg white capping treatment not only introduces caps on the top of the ZnO NRs but also partially passivates the NRs surfaces, leading to improved near band edge emission and the suppression of the defect luminescence. Finally, optoelectronic devices with improved performances based on egg-white biopolymer capped ZnO NRs/GaN were demonstrated. The details of optical and electrical characteristics of the egg white capped ZnO NRs will be als discussed in this thesis.
中文摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 工作原理與文獻探討 ..2
2-1 發光二極體的工作原理 2
2-1.1 發光二極體原理與介紹 2
2-1.2 發光二極體類型 2
2-2 ZnO/GaN LED製程優化之文獻回顧 3
2-2.1 對氧化鋅奈米陣列異質結構表面鈍化影響之光電性質 3
2-2.2 硫化對ZnO光電特性之影響 6
2-2.3 提昇ZnO/GaN LED發光的方法 11
2-3 氧化鋅材料 13
2-3.1 氧化鋅材料特性 13
2-3.2 氧化鋅製備方法 14
2-3.3 改變氧化鋅奈米結構的表面形貌文獻回顧 16
2-4 蛋白質材料 16
2-4.1 蛋白質材料特性 16
2-4.2 蛋白質製備方法 17
2-4.3 蛋白質相關電子元件文獻之回顧 17
第三章 實驗原理及儀器介紹 19
3-1 實驗介紹 19
3-2 實驗材料 19
3-3 樣品製備流程 19
3-3.1 清洗基板 19
3-3.2 氧化鋅種子層 20
3-3.3 氧化鋅奈米柱 20
3-3.4 純化蛋白 20
3-3.5 網印銀膠電極 20
3-4 儀器原理 21
3-4.1 射頻磁控濺鍍(R.F magnetron sputtering) 21
3-4.2 X-射線繞射儀(X-Ray Diffraction,XRD) 22
3-4.3 掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM) 23
3-4.4 傅立葉轉換紅外光譜(FTIR) 分析 23
3-4.5 光激發螢光光譜(Photoluminescence , PL) 24
3-4.6 電激發螢光光譜圖(Electroluminescence, EL) 25
3-4.7 X射線光電子能譜學(X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy , XPS) 26
3-4.8 穿透式電子顯微鏡(TEM) 27
第四章 結果與討論 30
4-1 ZNO NRS/ITO結構之掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)量測結果 30
4-2 ZNO NRS/ITO能量散射光譜儀(Energy Dispersive Spectrometer ,EDS)量測結果 32
4-3 ZNO NRS/ITO之X-射線繞射儀(X-Ray Diffraction , XRD)量測結果 34
4-4 穿透式電子顯微鏡(TEM)結果 37
4-5 光激發螢光光譜(Photoluminescence, PL)量測及擬合 45
4-6 穿透,反射,吸收(Transemittance,Reflectivity,Absorbance)分析 51
4-7 時間解析螢光光譜(Time-Resolved Photoluminescence,TRPL)分析與結果 52
4-8 電流-電壓曲線(I-V Curve)量測結果 54
4-9 電激發光螢光光譜(Electroluminescence,EL)量測結果 55
4-10 變溫量測光激發螢光光譜(Temperature Dependent Photoluminescence) 57
4-11 傅立葉轉換紅外光譜(FTIR) 分析 57
4-12 X射線光電子能譜學(X-ray photoelectronspectroscopy,XPS) 分析 60
第五章 總結 64
參考文獻 65
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