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研究生:Novia Nur Fitriana Sari
研究生(外文):Novia Nur Fitriana Sari
論文名稱:環氧桐油乙酯作為生物潤滑劑基礎油
論文名稱(外文):Epoxy Tung Oil Ethyl Ester as Bio-Lubricant Base Stock
指導教授:朱義旭
指導教授(外文):Yi-Hsu Ju
口試委員:Alchris W. GoMeng-Jiy Wang朱義旭
口試委員(外文):Alchris W. GoMeng-Jiy WangYi-Hsu Ju
口試日期:2018-7-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:英文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:生質潤滑油環氧化環氧化桐油乙基酯轉酯化桐油桐油乙基 酯
外文關鍵詞:bio lubricantepoxidationepoxy tung oil ethyl estertransesterificationtung oiltung oil ethyl ester
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:106
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  • 下載下載:14
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
環氧桐油乙酯(ETOEE)是利用桐油乙酯在不需觸媒下,與甲酸和過氧化
氢反應來產生。本研究使用兩步驟;利用氫氧化甲為觸媒催化與乙醇進行轉
酯化反應,接著進行環氧化。轉酯化條件為;桐油與乙醇的莫爾比為 1:20,
在 60℃下反應 2小時。在使用 5.86 g甲酸、14.5 g過氧化氫、10 g TOEE以及
在 50oC 下反應 3 小時後可得到的最高轉化率和產率分别為 93.6%和 87.2
%。本研究的目的是提高桐油的熱氧化稳定性、動黏度和黏度指数。在氮氣和
氧氣環境下使用熱重分析(TGA)法來證實熱氧化稳定性结果。透過使用
FTIR證實环氧基團的存在以及雙键的移除。動黏度則是使用 MCR來確定。
Epoxy tung oil ethyl ester (ETOEE) was produced by using tung oil ethyl ester (TOEE) and reacted with formic acid (FA) and hydrogen peroxide that was employed without catalyst. This study used two steps: transesterification with ethanol and KOH as catalyst followed by epoxidation. The transesterification was carried out at a molar ratio of tung oil to ethanol of 1:20, 60oC for 2 h. The highest conversion and yield are 93.6% and 87.2%, respectively which were obtained by using 5.86 g of formic acid, 14.5 g of hydrogen peroxide and 10 g of TOEE with reaction maintained at 50oC for 3 h. The objective of the research was to enhance the thermal-oxidative stability, kinematic viscosity, and analyze viscosity index of tung oil. Thermal-oxidative stability results were confirmed by using thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) method under nitrogen and oxygen atmosphere. The presence of epoxy group and double bonds removal were clarified by using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The kinematic viscosity was confirmed by using modular compact rheometer (MCR).
Recommendation Letter .......................................................................................... ii
Qualification Letter ................................................................................................ iii
Abstract .................................................................................................................. iv
摘要 ......................................................................................................................... v
Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................. vi
Acknowledgement................................................................................................. vii
Contents ............................................................................................................... viii
List of Figures ......................................................................................................... x
List of Tables.......................................................................................................... xi
Chapter 1 ................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 Background of Study ..................................................................................... 1
Chapter 2 ................................................................................................................. 5
2.1 Petroleum Based Lubricant ........................................................................... 5
2.2 Bio-Lubricant ................................................................................................ 6
2.3 Various Modification Methods ..................................................................... 7
2.4 Bio-lubricant from modification of vegetable oil ........................................ 11
2.5 Tung Oil ...................................................................................................... 16
2.6 Physical Properties Standard ....................................................................... 20
2.6.1 Acid Value ............................................................................................ 20
2.6.2 Viscosity at 40oC and 100oC ................................................................. 20
Chapter 3 ............................................................................................................... 22
3.1 Materials ...................................................................................................... 22
3.2 Instruments .................................................................................................. 22
3.3 Methods ....................................................................................................... 23
3.3.1 Transesterification with Ethanol ........................................................... 23
3.3.2 Epoxidation of Tung Oil Ethyl Ester .................................................... 24
3.4 Identification of Physicochemical Properties................ 25
3.4.1 Acid Value (AV)................. 25
3.4.2 Free Fatty Acid (FFA)................. 26
3.4.3 Iodine Value (IV)............... 26
3.4.4 Epoxidation Conversion.................. 27
3.4.5 pH.................... 27
3.4.6 Yield..................... 27
3.4.7 Density at Room Temperature.................... 28
3.4.8 Dynamic Viscosity at 40oC, 60oC, 80oC, and 100oC............... 28
3.4.9 Kinematic Viscosity at 40oC, 60oC, 80oC, and 100oC.................. 29
3.4.10 Epoxy Group %................... 31
3.4.11 Viscosity Index...................... 31
Chapter 4.............. 33
4.1 GC Analysis of Tung Oil Composition............ 33
4.2 Effect of Hydrogen Peroxide and Formic Acid in Epoxidation Conversion.............. 35
4.3 Yields of Epoxidation......... 37
4.4 Epoxy Group %............ 38
4.5 Physicochemical Properties of TO, TOEE and ETOEE............. 39
4.6 Thermal Stability of ETOEE............... 40
4.7 Oxidative Stability of TO, TOEE and ETOEE................... 41
4.8 FTIR studies of TO, TOEE and ETOEE................... 44
4.9 Rheological Measurements................... 45
Chapter 5.................. 51
5.1 Conclusions....................... 51
5.2 Future Prospects............................ 51
References.............53
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