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研究生:李樹業
研究生(外文):SHU YE LI
論文名稱:低濃度奈米乳化燃料與生質柴油之比較
論文名稱(外文):The Comparison of Low Concentration Nano - emulsified Fuel and Biodiesel
指導教授:林百福林百福引用關係
口試委員:吳坤齡黃俊翰
口試日期:2018-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:車輛工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:奈米Al2O3生質柴油乳化燃料石油耗竭
外文關鍵詞:nano Al2O3biomass dieselemulsified fuelOil depletion
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目前全球對石油的需求量依舊增加,因此世界各地紛紛將研究發展聚焦於此,汽車長期以來使用石化燃料做為動力來源,但近年來各國逐漸重視石油耗竭的危機。然而乳化燃料改善此問題雖是一種可行方案,但是使用乳化燃料,會提升柴油引擎的BSFC和降低引擎馬力。因此本研究使用3 %、5%和8%水分比例的乳化生質柴油中添加50 ppm奈米Al2O3作為燃料添加劑,製成奈米Al2O3乳化生質柴油使用於單缸柴油引擎進行實驗。實驗結果顯示,定量奈米Al2O3乳化生質柴油中的水分越多,BSFC、HC排放表現越差,但BMEP、Smoke和NOX排放及EGT值有明顯的改善。根據以上實驗結果,我們了解添加定量奈米Al2O3的乳化生質柴油可根據調配的適當比例來改善乳化生質柴油的使用結果,值得被推廣使用。
At present, the global demand for oil is still increasing, so the world has been research and development focus on this, the car has long been the use of petrochemical fuel as a power source, but in recent years, countries gradually pay attention to the crisis of oil depletion. However, emulsifying fuels to improve this problem is a viable option, but the use of emulsified fuels will enhance the diesel engines BSFC and reduce engine horsepower. Therefore, the use of 3%, 5% and 8% moisture in the proportion of emulsified bio-diesel to add 50 ppm of nano-Al2O3 as a fuel additive, made of nano-Al2O3 emulsified bio-diesel used in single-cylinder diesel engine for experiments. The results showed that the water content of BSFC and HC was worse, but the emission of BMEP, Smoke and NOX and EGT were improved obviously. Based on the above experimental results, we understand that the addition of quantitative nano-Al2O3 emulsified bio-diesel can be adjusted according to the appropriate proportion to improve the use of emulsified bio-diesel, it is worth promoting use.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 4
1.3 研究方法 5
1.4 研究範圍與限制 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1 柴油引擎的燃燒過程 6
2.2 柴油引擎的燃燒時期 7
2.3 燃料噴霧應具備條件 9
2.4 生質柴油 10
2.4.1 生質柴油的性質 10
2.4.2 生質柴油的製程 12
2.5 乳化燃料 13
2.5.1 乳化燃料之燃燒性質 13
2.5.2 乳化燃料之製程 15
2.6 奈米流體應用於燃料 16
2.6.1 奈米材料之表面效應及化學活性 16
2.6.2 奈米流體之燃燒特性 17
2.6.3 奈米顆粒之懸浮穩定性 17
2.7文獻相關 18
2.7.1 生質柴油相關 18
2.7.2乳化燃料相關 22
2.7.3奈米流體相關 26
2.8 結語 29
第三章 實驗設備與方法 31
3.1 實驗設備 31
3.1.1 單缸柴油引擎 33
3.1.2 水制式引擎馬力試驗機 35
3.1.3 NOX分析儀 36
3.1.4 HC分析儀 37
3.1.5 柴油黑煙濃度計 38
3.1.6 排氣溫度感知器 39
3.2 實驗用之燃料 40
3.2.1 乳化燃料的調配 40
3.2.2奈米AL2O3乳化生質柴油的調配 41
3.3 實驗步驟與方法 45
第四章 實驗結果與分析 46
4.1 BSFC值之比較 46
4.2 BMEP值之比較 49
4.3 SMOKE濃度之比較 50
4.4 NOX濃度之比較 53
4.5 HC濃度之比較 56
4.6 EGT值之比較 59
第五章 結論與建議 62
5.1 結論 62
5.2 建議 63
5.3 未來研究方向 63
參考文獻 64
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