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研究生:莊海岳
研究生(外文):HAI-YUEH CHUANG
論文名稱:持續崩塌臨海邊坡及岩石隧道 之調查研究
論文名稱(外文):Research and investigation on continual collapsing coastal slope and rock tunnel
指導教授:王泰典翁祖炘翁祖炘引用關係
口試委員:王泰典翁祖炘張哲豪張國楨
口試日期:2018-07-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:資源工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:監測倒懸邊坡隧道洞口段
外文關鍵詞:MonitoringOverhang slopeTunnel portal
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:218
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:17
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
近年光學量測技術飛速發展,基於光達技術、攝影測量、無人飛行載具等之三維
建模逐漸普及,已廣泛用於災害發生後之即時影像取得,對主管機關快速發布受災訊
息、掌握災害初步範圍及制定救災搶災策略厥功甚偉。台灣東部某已廢棄之公路臨海
路段常年有崩塌與落石發生,部分路段已完全坍落損毀,隧道內無襯砌路段可見掉落
之岩塊。臨海邊坡持續崩塌現象普遍存在於東部和中至清水路段,致使該現象循環永
覆的營力,及其與通過該邊坡之岩石隧道內落石的關聯性值得深入探討。
岩石邊坡破壞模式受不連續面主控,細微的岩性、不連續面位態變化對崩塌現象的
影響甚鉅,近年已有許多研究配合新技術提出精細的工程地質調查與分析。隧道洞口段
兼具隧道收斂變形及邊坡穩定兩種工程特性,量化調查具一定挑戰。本研究探討舊和
平隧道邊坡從建成以來持續崩塌的原因,因應案例邊坡高陡不易測繪且表面凹凸不平並
有多處凹陷的地形,以無人飛行載具製作邊坡及隧道的高解析度數值地表模型,提出詳
盡的不連續面判釋結果,探討案例邊坡的破壞模式,配合隧道襯砌微變位監測與光達掃
描成果,提出主要影響因子以及未來可能發展。
In recent years, optical measurement technology has developed rapidly, and
three-dimensional modeling based on optical technology, photogrammetry, and unmanned
aerial vehicles has become increasingly popular. It has been widely used for real-time
image acquisition after disasters, and quickly issued disaster information and disasters to
competent authorities. Frequent collapses and rock fall were found in an abandoned
highway in eastern Taiwan, where partial roadway was completely destroyed and rocks
fallen on the ground in some bare rock section.
Failure modes of rock slope were controlled by discontinuities. Subtle changes in
lithology and attitude can exacerbate collapses. Novel technology boosted exquisite
engineering geology investigation and analysis. Tunnel portal encompasses both
engineering properties, convergence deformation of tunnels and slope stability, making
quantitative investigation a challenge. This research focused on the causes to continual
collapses of the slope adjacent to old Heping Tunnel. To adapt to the undulating and
cave-in morphology, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) was utilized to produce a
high-resolution digital surface model of the slope that is high and steep. Failure modes of
the slope were decided on the discontinuity geology interpreted from UAV-generated
three-dimensional model. Main influence factors and forthcoming development of the case
slope and tunnel were suggested along with micro-displacement monitoring and LiDAR
scanning results of tunnel lining.
目 錄
摘 要 ......................................................................................................................................... i
ABSTRACT ............................................................................................................................... ii
誌 謝 ..................................................................................................................................... iii
目 錄 ......................................................................................................................................... iv
表目錄 ....................................................................................................................................... vi
圖目錄 ...................................................................................................................................... vii
第一章 緒論 ........................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 研究動機 ................................................................................................................ 1
1.2 研究目的 ................................................................................................................ 1
1.3 研究流程 ................................................................................................................ 1
第二章 文獻回顧 ................................................................................................................ 3
2.1 岩石隧道監測新技術 ............................................................................................ 3
2.1.1 隧道襯砌微變位監測技術 ........................................................................ 3
2.1.2 隧道影像展開與嵌接技術 ........................................................................ 4
2.1.3 隧道雷射掃描 ............................................................................................ 5
2.2 岩石邊坡監測新技術 ............................................................................................ 8
2.2.1 光達技術 .................................................................................................... 8
2.2.2 無人飛行載具攝影測量 .......................................................................... 11
第三章 邊坡及隧道案例 .................................................................................................. 12
3.1 案例背景 .............................................................................................................. 12
3.2 案例災害歷史 ...................................................................................................... 14
第四章 臨海邊坡及岩石隧道調查成果與討論 .............................................................. 19
4.1 調查項目及標的 .................................................................................................. 19
4.2 隧道襯砌微變位監測 .......................................................................................... 19
4.3 隧道光達掃描 ...................................................................................................... 31
4.4 無人飛行載具產製邊坡數值地表模型 .............................................................. 35
4.5 隧道及邊坡調查結果整合探討 .......................................................................... 39
v
第五章 結論與建議 .......................................................................................................... 52
5.1 結論 ...................................................................................................................... 52
5.2 建議 ...................................................................................................................... 52
參考文獻 .................................................................................................................................. 54
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