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研究生:邵筱雯
研究生(外文):Shiao-Wen Shao
論文名稱:疾病詮釋對心臟衰竭病患的紐約心臟功能分級與生活品質之中介影響
論文名稱(外文):The illness representation mediate the relationship between NYHA functional classification and quality of life in heart failure patients
指導教授:蔡仁貞蔡仁貞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Chen Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立陽明大學
系所名稱:臨床暨社區護理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:心臟衰竭NYHA功能分級疾病詮釋生活品質中介因子
外文關鍵詞:Heart failureNYHA functional classificationillness representationsquality of lifemediating factor
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心臟衰竭為所有心臟疾病的最終共同表徵,隨著人口老化及醫療進步,盛行率持續增加中。而隨著醫療進步發達,治療的目的不再只是延長生命而已,更重要的是去除症狀及改善功能,提昇生活品質。目前臨床上對於心臟衰竭的生活品質探討也逐漸增多,然而在其改善生活品質的相關因素研究中,成效仍不佳。因此,本研究依據Leventhal等(2003)所提出的自我調節模式(self-regulation model),病患面對疾病的刺激產生疾病詮釋,進而有因應行為與結果評價;依此架構探討心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋與疾病特性之關係,及疾病詮釋對疾病特性與生活品質的中介影響。
為橫斷性研究設計(cross-sectional study)採立意取樣,針對符合美國紐約心臟學會(NYHA)定義之心臟衰竭分級Ⅰ~Ⅳ級的病患,於北部某醫學中心心臟內科病房收案共76人,以疾病詮釋量表(Illness Representation Questionnaire)及中文版美國明尼蘇達心臟衰竭生活品質問卷(Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire,MLWHFQ),進行資料收集,並以SPSS 20.0進行資料建檔及分析,運用階層線性迴歸分析(hierarchical linear regression analyses)相關性及Sobel test等進行中介關係檢測。
研究結果發現NYHA功能分級和疾病詮釋七個次項及生活品質均呈現高度顯著相關(p <.001),疾病詮釋七個次項和生活品質都呈顯著相關(p <.01)。NYHA功能分級和疾病詮釋都是生活品質的預測因子。以階層迴歸發現,NYHA功能分級對生活品質的解釋變異量為27%,疾病詮釋對生活品質的總解釋變異量為44%。疾病詮釋中的「時間性急性/慢性」、「時間週期循環」、「疾病結果」、「個人對疾病的控制」及「情緒詮釋」等五項,均對心臟衰竭病患的NYHA功能分級和生活品質有部分中介影響。
NYHA功能分級不單和生活品質直接相關,也間接透過疾病詮釋影響生活品質;研究之結果可協助護理人員了解病患的疾病詮釋,及提供未來照護介入措施之參考。因此,建議未來醫護相關人員若想改善病患的生活品質,應不單僅著重在病患的生理症狀,更應了解病患的疾病信念,方能有效提升生活品質。
Heart failure (HF) is the final common sign of all kinds of heart diseases, and the prevalence is continuously elevated followed by aging and medical progression. Along with the development of medical profession, the goal of treatments is no longer extending human lives, but alleviating symptoms and improving functions, thus enhancing the quality of life (QoL). There are more and more investigations for the QoL of people with HF, but in those researches studying the related factors of improving QoL, the effectiveness is still not good enough. Therefore, we utilized the self-regulation model stated by Leventhal in 2003 which mentioned that patients will give illness representations to those stimulations of diseases and then have coping behaviors and outcome appraisals, to investigate the relationships between disease characteristics and illness representations, and the mediating influences of illness representations to disease characteristics and QoL in patients with HF.

Seventy-six.NYHA I to IV HF subjects were recruited from an internal cardiology ward of one northern medical centerby purposive sampling methodand cross-sectional study. Research data were collected by Illness Representation Questionnaire and Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLWHFQ) Chinese version, and sorted and analyzed by SPSS 20.0. Hierarchical linear regression analysis was used to determine the correlations, and Sobel test was used to determine the mediating relationship.

The results showed that NYHA functional classification was highly significantly correlated with all 7 dimensions of illness representations and QoL (all p <.001), and all 7 dimensions of illness representations were significantly correlated with QoL (all p <.01). NYHA functional classification and illness representationsare the predictors for QoL. The results of hierarchical linear regression showed the R2 of NYHA functional classification to QoL was .27, the R2 of illness representations to QoL was .44. The results of Sobel test showed that 5 dimensions (timeline acute/chronic, timeline cyclical, illness consequences, personal control and emotional representation) of illness representations were revealed partial mediating influences between NYHA functional classification and QoL.

NYHA functional classification is not only correlated with QoL, but affects QoL via illness representations indirectly. Our research results can help nursing professionals to understand such patients’ illness representations, and provide a reference for the care and intervention of the future. Therefore, we suggest that if medical and nursing professionals would like to improve patients’QoL, they should not only focus on patients’ physiological symptoms, but have to understand patients’ illness representations, and thus can enhance QoL effectively.
目錄
摘要 I
Abstract III
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
第一節研究動機與重要性 1
第二節研究目的 6
第貳章文獻查證 7
第一節心臟衰竭的疾病特性與治療 7
(一) 心臟衰竭的病因 7
(二) 心臟衰竭的類型 8
(三) 心臟衰竭的症狀 9
(四) 心臟衰竭的診斷 9
(五) 心臟衰竭的NYHA功能分級 10
(六) 心臟衰竭的治療 11
第二節心臟衰竭病患之生活品質 14
(一) 生活品質的定義 14
(二) 影響心臟衰竭病患生活品質的因素 14
第三節心臟衰竭病患之疾病詮釋 18
(一) 疾病詮釋的起源 18
(一) 心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋 21
第四節心臟衰竭病患疾病詮釋與生活品質相關性 24
第五節心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋對生活品質之中介影響 26
第二章 研究方法 27
第一節研究設計 27
第二節研究架構 28
第三節名詞定義 29
(一) 心臟衰竭: 29
(二) 疾病詮釋: 29
(三) 生活品質: 29
第四節研究對象與場所 30
第五節研究工具及信效度 31
(一) 人口學變項及疾病特性: 31
(二) 美國明尼蘇達心臟衰竭生活品質問卷(MinnesotaLiving With Heart Failure Questionnaire,MLHFQ): 31
(三) 心臟衰竭病患疾病詮釋量表(Illness Representation Questionnaire): 32
第六節研究步驟 34
第七節研究倫理考量 34
第八節資料處理與分析方法 35
(一) 描述性統計: 35
(二) 推論性統計: 35
第四章分析與結果 37
第一節心臟衰竭病患人口學特性 37
第二節心臟衰竭病患生活品質 39
(一) 整體性生活品質 39
(二) 生理性生活品質 39
(三) 情緒性生活品質 39
(四) 社交性生活品質 39
第三節心臟衰竭病患疾病詮釋 41
第四節心臟衰竭病患人口學特性與疾病詮釋、生活品質之分析 44
(一) 心臟衰竭病患人口學變項、疾病特性與生活品質的相關性 44
(二) 心臟衰竭病患人口學變項、疾病特性與疾病詮釋的相關性 46
(三) 心臟衰竭病患其疾病詮釋和生活品質之相關性 48
(四) 心臟衰竭病患生活品質之預測因子 50
第五節疾病詮釋對心臟衰竭病患NYHA功能分級與生活品質的中介影響 58
第五章討論 69
第一節心臟衰竭病患的基本屬性分布狀況 69
(一) 人口學變項 69
(二) 疾病特性 69
第二節心臟衰竭病患生活品質 71
(一) 個人基本屬性與生活品質及其相關性 71
(二) 疾病特性與生活品質之相關性 71
第三節心臟衰竭病患疾病詮釋 73
(一) 個人基本屬性與疾病詮釋之相關性 73
(二) 疾病特性與疾病詮釋之相關性 73
第四節心臟衰竭病患NYHA功能分級、疾病詮釋和生活品質的相關性 75
第五節心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋對NYHA功能分級和生活品質的中介影響 77
第六章結論與建議 79
第一節研究結論與建議 79
第二節研究貢獻與限制 80
(一) 護理臨床實務 80
(二) 護理教育 80
(三) 護理研究 80
(四) 研究限制 81
參考文獻 82
附錄 91
附錄一基本屬性資料問卷 91
附錄二心臟衰竭病患疾病詮釋量表 92
附錄二心臟衰竭病患疾病詮釋量表(續) 93
附錄三心臟衰竭病患生活品質量表 94
附錄四問卷授權同意書 95
附錄四問卷授權同意書(續) 96


表目錄
表3-8-1研究目的及統計方法 36
表4-1-1心臟衰竭病患之人口學特性 (N=76) 38
表4-2-1明尼蘇達心衰竭生活品質問卷分析(N=76) 40
表4-3-1心臟衰竭病患之疾病詮釋 (N=76) 42
表4-4-1心臟衰竭病患人口學變項、疾病特性與生活品質的相關性(N=76) 45
表4-4-2心臟衰竭病患人口學變項、疾病特性與疾病詮釋的相關性(N=76) 47
表4-4-3心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋和生活品質之PEARSON相關性(N=76) 49
表4-4-4心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋對整體生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 51
表4-4-5心臟衰竭病患的NYHA對生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 53
表4-4-6心臟衰竭病患的NYHA對疾病詮釋影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 53
表4-4-7心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋(時間性急性/慢性)對整體性生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 54
表4-4-8心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋(時間週期循環)對整體性生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 54
表4-4-9心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋(疾病結果)對整體性生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 55
表4-4-10心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋(個人對疾病的控制)對整體性生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 55
表4-4-11心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋(治療對疾病的控制)對整體性生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 56
表4-4-12心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋(對疾病認知的一致性)對整體性生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 56
表4-4-13心臟衰竭病患的疾病詮釋(情緒詮釋)對整體性生活品質影響之迴歸分析(N=76) 57
表4-5-1時間性急性/慢性對NYHA與整體性生活品質之中介迴歸分析(N=76) 61
表4-5-2時間週期循環對NYHA與整體性生活品質之中介迴歸分析(N=76) 61
表4-5-3疾病結果對NYHA與整體性生活品質之中介迴歸分析(N=76) 62
表4-5-4個人對疾病的控制對NYHA與整體性生活品質之中介迴歸分析(N=76) 62
表4-5-5治療對疾病的控制對NYHA與整體性生活品質之中介迴歸分析(N=76) 63
表4-5-6對疾病認知的一致性對NYHA與整體性生活品質之中介迴歸分析(N=76) 63
表4-5-7情緒詮釋對NYHA與整體性生活品質之中介迴歸分析(N=76) 64
表4-5-8疾病詮釋對於心臟衰竭病患與生活品質SOBEL TEST的中介效應檢測(N=76) 66

圖目錄
圖1 LEVENTHAL COMMON-SENSE MODEL 19
圖2 心臟衰竭病患疾病詮釋與生活品質之研究架構圖 28
圖3 中介效果路徑圖 58
圖4-5-3疾病詮釋對心臟衰竭病患與生活品質的中介效應路徑圖 67
圖4-5-2疾病詮釋對心臟衰竭病患與生活品質的中介效應路徑圖 67
圖4-5-1 疾病詮釋對心臟衰竭病患與生活品質的中介效應路徑圖 67
圖4-5-4疾病詮釋對心臟衰竭病患與生活品質的中介效應路徑圖 68
圖4-5-5疾病詮釋對心臟衰竭病患與生活品質的中介效應路徑圖 68
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