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研究生:蘇米克
研究生(外文):SOUNAKHONE PHOMSENGSOULINH
論文名稱(外文):Youth Leaders Participation in Community Development Project in the ASEAN Region: The Case of the YSEALI Program
指導教授:林明地林明地引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIN, MING-DIH
口試委員:詹盛如楊正誠
口試委員(外文):CHAN, SHENG-JUYANG, CHENG-CHENG
口試日期:2019-07-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:教育領導與管理發展國際碩士學位學程
學門:教育學門
學類:教育行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:89
外文關鍵詞:CommunityCareer DevelopmentYouth LeaderYouth Participation
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Youth participation in community developments has been viewed as one the most successful strategies to use in motivating young people to have more active engagement in social community development. As Ngai, Cheung, Ngai and To (2012) has explained, young people are viewed as precious assets and the future leaders of society. However, in recent years many scholars have undertaken the task to determine the role of youth leadership in the community which is directly related to youth program activities, especially for youths in the Southeast Asian region countries (Jones, 2009). Some questions raised in this respect are why would they like to be a youth leader? And how can they contribute to their community?
In light of this, the aim of this study was to explore youth leaders participation in community development projects in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, in particular the case of the Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI) program which is the biggest youth development program in the Southeast Asia countries. A purposive pool of respondents of 20 youths between the ages 18-30 years from 10 ASEAN countries including Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam were used. The study adopted a qualitative approach using a structured interview schedule for face to face interviews through social online media applications such as Facebook and LINE. The study sought to establish which factors influence youths to join the YSEALI program and become a youth leader. After that, their views of the youth development program (YSEALI program) and also their career planning prospects were also explored.
The findings revealed that the factors that influence youths of the ASEAN community to join the YSEALI program is because they want to experience working abroad, establish connections and networking among their peers in the region. The findings also revealed that the YSEALI program has significantly changed the experience of youths in the ASEAN region who have joined the program by increasing their knowledge on leadership skills, including their connections among their peers who inspire themselves to be more active on social engagement activities and making their contributions to the society more successful. Lastly, the findings revealed that the YSEALI program has benefited them tremendously in terms of career planning after completing the program, skills such as potential for leading, project management skills which they received through the experience, have helped them to be better prepared for career planning and career development.
ABSTRACT iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES viii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Aim of Study 4
1.3 Objectives of the Study 4
1.4 Research Questions 5
1.5 Research Motivation 5
1.6 Significance of the Study 6
1.7 Scope and Delimitations 7
1.8 Definition of Terms and Abbreviation 7
1.9 Organization of the Study 8
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 11
2.1 Leadership Definition 11
2.2 Youth Leadership Definition 12
2.3 Youth Leadership Development 13
2.4 The Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI) 14
2.5 Theories of Community Development 16
2.6 Models of Youth Participation 17
2.6.1 Youth Participation in Community Development 19
2.7 Factors that Influence Youth Participation in Community Development 22
2.7.1 Individual Factors and Participation in the Implementation of Community Development Projects 23
2.7.2 Social Factors and Participation in the Implementation of Community Development Projects 25
2.8 Leadership Behaviors Factors in Southern Asia 27
2.9 Contributions of Youth Participation in Community Development 29
2.10 Youth Participation in YSEALI Program and Implemented Community Development Projects 29
2.11 Career Development and Planning of Youth 33
2.12 Related Studies 35
2.13 Summary of Chapter 38
CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY 41
3.1 Research Design 41
3.2 Target Participants 42
3.3 Sample Size and Participation Selection 42
3.4 Research Instrument 43
3.4.1 Preparation of Research Instrument 43
3.5 Data Collection Procedure 44
3.6 Data Analysis 45
3.7 Research Framework 45
CHAPTER 4 RESEARCH FINDINGS 47
4.1 Factors that Influence Youth to Become a Youth Leader in YSEALI Program 47
4.1.1 The Reasons for Joining YSEALI 47
4.2 The Reactions after Participating in the YSEALI Program 53
4.3 Career Planning 63
4.4 Framework of Research Findings 67
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 71
5.1 Conclusions 71
5.2 Recommendation 74
5.3 Suggestions for the Further Research 76
REFERENCES 79
APPENDICES 86
Appendix A: Interview Questions 86
Appendix B: Consent form 88
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