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研究生:林淑文
研究生(外文):Suppawan Satthasuk
論文名稱:九一一事件後泰國反恐策略之研究
論文名稱(外文):Counter-terrorism Strategy in Thailand after the September 11
指導教授:王政王政引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Cheng
口試委員:陳偉華黃榮源
口試委員(外文):Chen, Wei-HuaHuang, Rong-Yang
口試日期:2019-05-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中央警察大學
系所名稱:公共安全研究所
學門:軍警國防安全學門
學類:警政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:182
外文關鍵詞:Thailandterrorismcounterterrorisminsurgency
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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Terrorism in Thailand has changed the typology of past conflicts that often involves ethnic conflict and the radicalization of terrorism. Thailand indeed has been the forefront of cooperating with the West, particularly the United States, in their Global War on Terror. Thus, Thailand has become a target of the terrorist groups due to its location and weak state institutions. All the factors and others have in one way or another led to terrorist attacks and retaliatory attacks for the intervention. Terrorist attacks have impacted heavily on Thailand in different sectors from social, political and economic sectors.
This thesis seeks to analyze the counterterrorism strategy in Thailand after the September 11 attacks. It first provides a historical background of Islamic insurgency and transnational terrorist operations in Thailand. It then examines Thai government’s counterterrorism strategy and regional cooperation against terrorism. Finally, the thesis recommends strategies necessary for countering radical Islamic insurgency and transnational terrorism.
Abstract i
Abbreviations iii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
I. Research Background 1
II. Research Questions 19
III. Research Objectives 19
IV. Research Methods 20
Chapter 2 Literature Review 23
I. Understanding Terrorism 24
II. Terrorism in Thailand 27
III. The Impacts of Terrorism in Thailand 31
IV. Southern Thailand Insurgency 32
V. Counterterrorism Effort in Thailand 33
Chapter 3 Southern Thailand Insurgency 37
I. The Roots of Problem 39
II. The Motivations of Insurgency 42
A. Economy 43
B. Language 45
C. Education 48
D. Religion 50
E. Politics 52

III. The Separatist Groups 54
A. PULO 54
B. New PULO 55
C. Barisan National Pember-Basan Pattani 56
D. Barasi Revolusi Nasional 56
E. Gerakan Mujahideen Islam Pattani 57
F. United Front for the Independence of Pattani 58

IV. Thai Government Program for Sounthern Insurgency 60
A. Special Laws 62
B. Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra’s Policy 64
C. Prime Minister Surayud’s Policy 65
D. Country Policy (2008-2013) 68
E. Junta Government 70
F. Peace Talk 71
V. Conclusion 73

Chapter 4 Transnational Terrorism in Thailand 75
I. The Islamic State (IS) 75
II. Jemmah Islamiah (JI) 78
III. Multinational Criminal Network 81
IV. Thai Muslim Link to Transnational Terrorism 82
V. Thailand as a Transnational Terrorism Network Hub 90
VI. Conclusion 94
Chapter 5 Counter-terrorism Strategy in Thailand after 9/11 95
I. Domestic Counterterrorism 97
A. Thailand’s Law on Terrorism 97
B. Counterterrorism Agencies 99
C. Counterterrorism Operation 100

II. Regional Cooperation 106
A. Coordination with Malaysia 106
B. ASEAN 111
III. International Cooperation 116
A. United States 116
B. Australia 119
C. China 121
D. India 122
IV. Conclusion 122
Chapter 6 Conclusion and Suggestions 125
I. Conclusion 125
II. Suggestions 129
A. Strong Government Structure 129
B. Strict Enforcement of Law and Order 130
C. Good Governance 131
References 133
Appendices
A. Counterterrorism and Proliferation of Weapon of Mass
Destruction Financing Act B.E. 2559 (2016) 149
B. National Security Acts (2016) 161
C. Emergency Decree 171


Figures
Figure 1 Map of the Deep South of Thailand 39
Figure 2 Provincial Share of National GDP 45
Figure 3 Maps of Speaking Languages in Deep South 46
Figure 4 Maps of Religions in Deep South 50
Tables
Table 1 List of Terrorist Attacks in Thailand 3
Table 2 Summary of Victims in Deep South 13
Table 3 An example of the Definition of Terrorism 25
Table 4 Main Insurgent Functions 60

References
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Thornton, Thomas P., 1964. “Terror as a Weapon of Political Agitation,” in Harry Eckstein ed., Internal War: Problems and Approaches. New York: The Free Press of Glencoe, pp. 96-99.
The Economy of Three Southern Border Provinces: Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala, 2006. Hat Yai: Bank of Thailand.
Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary, 1984. Springfield, MA: Merriam- Webster.
Wilkinson, Paul, 2000. Terrorism Versus Democracy: The Liberal State Response. London: Frank Cass.
II.Journal Articles
Abuza, Zachary, 2003. “Funding Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Financial Network of Al Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiya,” Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 169-199.
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Chalk, Peter, 2001. “Separatism and Southeast Asia: The Islamic factor in Southern Thailand, Mindanao, and Aceh,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 241-269.
Chambers, Paul, 2004. “U.S.-Thai Relations after 9/11: A New Era in Cooperation?” Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 460-479.
Crispin, Shawn, 2004. “Thailand’s War Zone,” Far Eastern Economic Review, Vol. 167, No. 10, pp. 12-14.
Firth, Stewart, 2013. “Australia’s policy towards coup-prone and military regimes in the Asia-Pacific: Thailand, Fiji and Burma,” Australian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 6, Issue 3, pp. 6-9.
Human Rights Watch, 2007. “It Was Like Suddenly My Son No Longer Existed”: Enforced disappearances in Thailand’s southern border provinces. Vol. 19, No. 5, p. 19.
International Crisis Group, November 3, 2010. “Stalemate in Southern Thailand,” Asia Briefing, No. 113, pp. 1-19.
International Crisis Group, December 11, 2012. “Thailand: The Evolving Conflict in the South,” Asia Report, No. 241, pp. 1-37.
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Jerryson, Michael, 2009. “Appropriating a Space for Violence: State Buddhism in Southern Thailand.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 33-57.
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Levitt, Matthew, January 2013. “Hizballah in Southeast Asia: A Resurgent Threat,” STRATAGEM newsletter, Vol. 8, Issue 2.
Liow, Joseph, 2004. “The Security Situation in Southern Thailand: Toward an Understanding of Domestic and International Dimensions,” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Vol. 27, Issue 6, pp. 531-548.
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III.Thesis
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IV.Government Publications
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“ถอดสลักบึ้มราชประสงค์!!! ย้อนรอยระเบิดกรุง...ลูกที่3ยุคบิ๊กตู่” (Erawan Shrine Bomb: the third bomb in Bangkok under military rule), August 18, 2015. RYT9 News, <https:// www.ryt9.com /s/ryt9/ 2230746>.
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