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研究生:邱偉婷
研究生(外文):CHIU, WEI-TING
論文名稱:親密關係受虐婦女求助經驗與社會支持之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on Intimate Relationship Abused Women’s Help Seeking Experience and Social Support
指導教授:謝文彥謝文彥引用關係
指導教授(外文):HSIEH, WEN-YAN
口試委員:黃翠紋陳怡青
口試委員(外文):HUANG, TSUI-WENCHEN, YI-CHING
口試日期:2019-05-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中央警察大學
系所名稱:犯罪防治研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:131
中文關鍵詞:受虐婦女求助經驗社會支持
外文關鍵詞:Abused WomenHelp Seeking ExperienceSocial Support
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:248
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:63
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
根據衛生福利部資料統計顯示,親密關係暴力已是普遍存在於社會的問題,然而親密關係暴力具有與一般暴力犯罪不同的特性及模式,有情感的糾葛,又有密集的互動,且一旦發生即常反覆出現,使得被害人在行為反應、情感認知都會受到影響。親密關係的惡化或終止猶如一種強大的壓力源,除了加害人與被害人兩造之外,雙方之親友亦得面臨許多層面的變動與調適,終止親密關係並非所有受虐者的第一或唯一選擇。除了情感上的羈絆,經濟因素及子女養育等問題亦是被害者是否向外求助的考量因素。
本研究以從犯罪學、社會學等範疇,結合相關理論與國內外相關實證研究,從不同的角度來探討受虐婦女的受虐經驗、求助行為及其所獲得的社會支持,並以立意抽樣選取3位親密關係受虐婦女,進行半結構式的深度訪談法,藉由這些婦女的生命經驗分享,來了解其童年受虐經驗對成年後親密關係暴力求助行為的影響,以及她們在經歷親密關係受虐事件後的求助經驗與獲得各種社會支持之情形。
本研究發現,某些受訪者之童年受虐經驗及求助經驗對其成年後的親密關係受虐與求助行為有一定程度的影響,婦女決定向外求助的考量因素主要為「遭受生命威脅」、「無法再忍受」、「看見子女遭受痛苦」與「受到嚴重的傷害」,而當他們求助於非正式管道而無法得到足以改變暴力現狀的幫助或正向回應時,便會轉向象徵具有強制力或制裁力的正式管道求助。此外,社會支持在受虐婦女的受暴過程扮演著重要的角色,正式支持及非正式社會支持分別發揮了不同的作用,交織成綿密而有效的支持網絡,伴隨受虐婦女走出暴力陰影。
最後,研究者根據研究發現,對於正式求助管道提出了重視兒童的心理創傷,強化社政與兒童醫療專業人員之聯繫、持續提升警政與司法單位處理親密關係暴力案件的細膩度及敏感度之建議,針對非正式求助管道提出了應以更積極的行動來回應受虐婦女的求助行為、以鄰里守望相助隊的社區監控力量來達到預防親密關係暴力及藉由戲劇方式的呈現喚醒社會大眾對於親密關係暴力議題的省思之建議。

關鍵字:受虐婦女(Abused Women)、求助經驗(Help Seeking Experience)、社會支持(Social Support)
According to the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Intimate Partner Violence is a severe problem in today’s society. Intimate relationship violence portrays different patterns from general violent crimes. It particularly involves emotional entanglements and intensive interactions. Once it happens, it often appears repeatedly, and this affects the victim’s emotional, psychological and behavioral response a great deal. The termination of intimacy is like a strong source of pressure not only on the victims themselves but additionally, on the relatives and friends of both the abusers and the abused as they have to face many changes and adjustments. Ending intimacy is not the first or only choice for all abused women. A lot of factors, for example financial problems or parenting issues determine whether or not those abused women decide to seek help.
This study is based on criminological and sociological perspectives combined with relevant theories and examines how the abused behaved in seeking help as well as social support they received from both formal and informal systems. Three women who have been abused were selected and intensive interviews were conducted. Through the sharing of the life experiences of these women, we can understand how the impact of early childhood abuse experiences, may have influenced their adulthood relationships.
Findings in this study, revealed that abused women’s reasons for seeking help and for leaving violent relationships were similar and included quotes such as “threat of death,” “could not endure anymore,” “concerns for children” and “being badly injured”. Moreover, when they do turn to seek informal channels and are unable to get help or positive feedback that is sufficient to change the current state of violence, they turn to coercive formal channels. The study clarified that all of these social support systems play an important role to the abused women.
According to thees findings, the resercher suggests our government needs to put more emphasis on the training of child psychologists who can help children to cope with the effects of being abused. Additionally, women can be furthered empowered to fend for themselves and leave these abusive situations. Furthermore, police officers' law enforcement skills should be polished so that they can deal with abusive situations sensitively, and patiently, thus ensuring that the abused can be helped adequately and feel encouraged to report these cases.

Keywords:Abused Women、Help Seeking Experience、Social Support
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究問題背景及重要性 1
第二節 研究動機與研究目的 5
第三節 重要名詞詮釋 7
第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 親密關係暴力之定義與型態 11
第二節 相關理論 13
第二節 相關實證研究 18
第三節 綜合評述 30
第三章 研究設計與實施 33
第一節 研究取向與研究概念 33
第二節 研究方法 35
第三節 研究對象 36
第四節 研究工具 38
第五節 資料處理方法 40
第六節 研究信度與效度 42
第七節 研究倫理 44
第四章 受虐婦女之受虐經驗與求助歷程 51
第一節 個案A的故事 51
第二節 個案B的故事 61
第三節 個案C的故事 70
第五章 受虐婦女之受虐、求助經驗與社會支持 81
第一節 童年受虐經驗與求助情形 81
第二節 親密關係受虐經驗 82
第三節 求助經驗 86
第四節 社會支持 93
第五節 小結 97
第六章 結論與建議 101
第一節 結論 101
第二節 建議 111
第三節 限制 116
參考書目 119
附錄 129
附錄一 訪談大綱 129
附錄二 訪談同意書 131


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