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研究生:林伯翰
研究生(外文):Lin, Po-Han
論文名稱:建構關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台成功因子之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Research on Success Factors of Constructing Critical Infrastructure Information Sharing Platform
指導教授:黃俊能黃俊能引用關係王俊元王俊元引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang, Chun-NenWang, Chun-Yuan
口試委員:鍾建雄呂世通邢台平
口試委員(外文):Chung, Jain-ShoneLu, Shih-TongHsing, Tai-Ping
口試日期:2019-05-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中央警察大學
系所名稱:警察政策研究所
學門:軍警國防安全學門
學類:警政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:124
中文關鍵詞:關鍵基礎設施資訊分享多目標決策偏好分析
外文關鍵詞:critical infrastructureinformation sharingmulti-objective decision makingpreference analysis
相關次數:
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本研究進行有關建構關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台之研究,透過國內外文獻及多目標決策(Multiple Criteria Decision Making, MCDM)等方法論,尋找關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台成功因子指標,採用Herrera-Viedma等學者所提出之「一致性模糊偏好關係法」(consistent fuzzy preference relation, CFPR)進行分析,以了解資訊分享平台成功因子構面與指標間之相對重要性,探討建構資訊分享平台之成功因子,經由相關文獻整理,得到五大構面(資訊共享能力、資訊分享平台維運安全、資訊共享機制、內部制度及外部環境)及22項因子指標,與關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台息息相關。因此,本研究邀集多位具有國土安全、關鍵基礎設施防護、資訊分享及資訊安全等背景之學者與實務工作者,進行專家偏好分析問卷調查,計算各構面與因子指標之權重。透過多目標決策分析後發現,分析資訊能力是建構關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台之最重要因子,其次為資訊存取控管及建立跨領域協調機制等。根據本研究,提出適切的建議,包含:(一)提升國家整體危機意識與緊急應變力;(二)強化資訊分析能力;(三)強調關鍵基礎設施體系各領域間與公、私部門之聯繫溝通;(四)確保資通安全。(五) 權衡國土安全與人權保障。因人力、時間等限制,問卷之發放僅限於國內專家學者,未來期望擴大實業界及國外專家學者之看法並延續資訊分享平台之質化訪談,期探求更深層內容。
關鍵字:關鍵基礎設施、資訊分享、多目標決策、偏好分析
This study conducts the research on the construction of critical infrastructure information sharing platform. Through reviewing domestic and international literature and Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) methodology, this study looks for the success factor indexes of critical infrastructure information sharing platforms, and analyzes by means of the “Consistent Fuzzy Preference Relation, CFPR” proposed by scholars such as Herrera-Viedma, in order to understand the relative importance of the success factors of information sharing platforms between the dimension and indicator, and to explore the success factors to establish the information sharing platform. According to relative literature reviews, five major dimensions (information sharing capacity, security of information sharing platform, information sharing mechanism, internal system, and external environment) and 22 factor indicators are found closely related to the critical infrastructure information sharing platform. Therefore, this study had invited a number of scholars and practitioners with the background of homeland security, critical infrastructure protection, information sharing, and information security to be surveyed an expert preference analysis questionnaires and calculated the weight of each dimension and factor indicator. Through multi-objective decision analysis, it is found that the ability to analyze information is the most important factor in constructing a critical infrastructure information sharing platform, followed by information access control and establishing a cross-field coordination mechanism. According to this study, appropriate suggestions are proposed, including: (1) to enhance the country’s overall crisis awareness and emergency response; (2) to strengthen the information analysis ability; (3) to emphasize the communication among the critical infrastructures in various fields and public and private sections; (4) to ensure the security of information communication; (5) to balance the homeland security and human rights protection. Due to the limitation of manpower and time, the questionnaires were issued only to domestic experts and scholars. In the future, it is expected to expand the viewpoints from the practitioners and foreign experts and scholars, and continue the qualitative interview on the information sharing platform to explore a deeper content.
Keywords: critical infrastructure, information sharing, multi-objective decision making, preference analysis
第壹章 緒論 1
一、研究背景 1
二、研究動機與目的 2
三、研究問題 4
四、研究範圍與限制 4
五、研究流程 5
第貳章 文獻探討 7
一、關鍵基礎設施(Critical Infrastructure, CI) 7
二、資訊分享平台 17
三、資訊分享流程 30
四、資訊分享原則與障礙 34
第叁章 研究設計與方法 37
一、擬定建構關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台成功因子指標定義 37
二、因子層級式架構 44
三、研究方法 44
第肆章 研究分析與討論 51
一、建構關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台成功因子之權重分析 51
三、不同領域專家評估關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台成功因子之比較分析 67
第伍章 結論與建議 77
一、研究結論 77
二、建議 84
參考文獻 89
一、中文文獻 89
二、英文文獻 89
三、網路資料 91
附錄一 建構關鍵基礎設施資訊分享平台成功因子評估權重分析問卷 i
附錄二 《資通安全管理法》 xiv
附錄三 《資通安全管理法施行細則》 xxi
一、中文文獻
王政(2013)。美國情資融合中心的發展與評估。國防雜誌,28(6),23-46。
行政院國家資通安全會報技術服務中心(2017年03月),106年國家資通安全防護整合服務計畫領域ISAC實務建置指引。
汪毓瑋(2013)。國土安全(上冊)(1)。新北市:元照出版有限公司。
柯宏叡(2014)。赴美國參訪華盛頓州情資整合中心暨參與國際犯罪分析師研討會考察報告。彰化縣:彰化縣警察局。
國家關鍵基礎設施安全防護指導綱要,(2014年12月29日)。
張庭撰(2016)。後九一一美國反恐情報資訊共享機制之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國防大學政治作戰學院,台北。
黃俊泰(2017)。美國關鍵基礎設施防護(CIP)建構資訊共享環境之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣科技大學,台北。
黃俊能(2016)。關鍵基礎設施安全防護資訊共享平台系統架構分析與建構之研究。行政院科技部專題研究計畫,未出版。
黃俊能、章光明(2013,12月)。美國國土安全策略與相關法案探討國家關鍵基礎設施防護。載於行政院國土安全辦公室舉辦之「國土安全論壇」論文集(109-138),臺北市。
資通安全管理法(2018年06月06日)
資通安全管理法施行細則(2018年11月21日)
蔡至欣、賴玲玲(2011)。虛擬社群的資訊分享行為。圖書資訊學刊,9(1), 168-169。
二、英文文獻
9/11 commission. (2011). The 9/11 commission report: Final report of the national commission on terrorist attacks upon the United States. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Bialas, A. (2016). Risk management in critical infrastructure—Foundation for its sustainable work. Sustainability, 8 (3), 240.
Branscomb, L. M. (2006). Sustainable cities: Safety and security. Technology in Society, 28 (1-2), 225-234.
Bush, G. W. (2003). Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD-7): Critical infrastructure identification, prioritization, and protection. Retrieved from US Government Printing Office website: http://www. gpo. gov.
Case, D. U. (2016). Analysis of the cyber attack on the Ukrainian power grid. Electricity Information Sharing and Analysis Center (E-ISAC).
Clinton, W. (1998). Presidential decision directive 63. The White House, Washington, DC (fas. org/irp/offdocs/pdd/pdd-63. htm).
Department of Homeland Security. (2008). INTERACTION WITH STATE AND LOCAL FUSION CENTERS CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS.
Department of Homeland Security. (2012). 2011 National Network of Fusion Centers Final Report. Retrieved from Department of Homeland Security: https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&did=713070
Department of Homeland Security. (2013). NIPP 2013 Partnering for Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience. Retrieved from Department of Homeland Security: https://www.dhs.gov/publication/nipp-2013-partnering-critical-infrastructure-security-and-resilience
Department of Homeland Security. (2016). Critical Infrastructure Threat Information Sharing Framework: A Reference Guide for the Critical Infrastructure Community. Retrieved from Department of Homeland Security: https://www.dhs.gov/publication/ci-threat-info-sharing-framework
Lewis, B. M. (2006). Sustainable cities: Safety and Security, Technology in Society 28: 225-234.
Lewis, T. G. (2014). Critical infrastructure protection in homeland security: defending a networked nation. John Wiley & Sons. pp1-2.
McConnell, J. M., & Meyerrose, D. (2008). United States Intelligence Community, Information Sharing Strategy. DNI. GOV, http://www. dni. gov/reports/IC_Information_Sharing_Strategy. pdf (accessed November 28, 2009).
Paula, S. (2004). Regional public-private partnerships – Addressing Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies and Homeland Security Preparedness, Presentation at the 2004 PNWER Annual Summit, Victoria BC. July 14, 2004
Pfeifer, J. W. (2012). Network Fusion: Information and Intelligence Sharing for a Networked World. Homeland Security Affairs, 8 (1).
Radvanovsky, R. S., & McDougall, A. (2016). Critical infrastructure: homeland security and emergency preparedness. CRC Press.
Rollins, J. (2008, January). Fusion centers: Issues and options for Congress. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE.
Teufel III, H. (2008). Privacy policy guidance memorandum: The fair information practice principles: Framework for privacy policy at the Department of Homeland Security. Dep't Homeland Security (Dec. 29, 2008), http://www. dhs. gov/xlibrary/assets/privacy/privacy_policyguide_2008-01. pdf.
White, J. R. (2016). Terrorism and homeland security. Cengage Learning.
三、網路資料
National Council of ISACs. (2019). MEMBER ISACS. Retrieved from https://www.nationalisacs.org/member-isacs
U. S. Department of Homeland Security. (2019). Fusion Center Locations and Contact Information. Retrieved from https://www.dhs.gov/fusion-center-locations-and-contact-information
U. S. Department of Homeland Security. (2019). Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) Definitions and Usage. Retrieved from https://www.us-cert.gov/tlp
國家資安資訊分享與分析中心(N-ISAC),取自https://www.nccst.nat.gov.tw/NISAC?lang=zh,檢索日期2018年12月20日。

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