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研究生:楊銘宏
研究生(外文):Ming-Hung Yang
論文名稱:政府科技政策工具之評估
論文名稱(外文):An Assessment of Government Science and Technology Policies
指導教授:邱榆淨邱榆淨引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Jing Chiu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:121
中文關鍵詞:科技政策國家創新系統以決策實驗室分析法為基礎的網路分析程序法
外文關鍵詞:S&T PolicyNational Innovation SystemDANP
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由於新科技的發展,例如 3D列印、AI人工智慧及機器人科技,改變過去數十年的經濟結構,此改變不僅影響企業,也使各國思考國家科技政策如何因應或如何改變,以適應未來的變遷;2008年金融海嘯及2016年中國紅色供應鏈崛起,臺灣科技產業面臨嚴峻挑戰,尋求完善科技政策促進經濟發展是臺灣政府施政重要議題。創新能力取決於國家經濟體制及其整體科學技術水平,政府如何進行政策工具選擇和企業如何進行投資選擇,皆與國家創新系統有關,而科技政策工具是國家創新系統重要組成部分,科技政策工具可以支持創新組織結構和管理決策,國家提供優勢競爭環境,可以形成企業創新發展的重要因素;然而,科技政策工具應包括哪些內容?如何實施?本研究透過對國家創新系統文獻回顧並建構科技政策決策系統及內容,並以決策實驗室分析法為基礎的網路分析程序法,即DANP(DEMATEL-based ANP)方法以期解析科技政策之原因和影響因素,研究結果發現「法規環境」及「財務金融」為重要的政府科技政策工具。
In the last decade, economy had passed through technological changes in-cluding 3D-printing, robotics and AI-technology. These transformations affect not only how business models but also how countries perform for their science and technology(S&T) policies and how they will response in the future. After the 2008 financial crisis and the emergence of Chinese red supply chain in 2016, Taiwanese tech industry faces the greatest challenge. Finding methods to facilitate making better S&T policy decisions that boosts the economy is a national innovation problem faced by Taiwanese government. Innovation ability depends on the national economic system and the overall technical level. How the government chooses policy tools and how companies make investment choices is related to the national innovation system. S&T policies are important components of the national innovation system and which can support innovation’s organizational structures and managing decision-makings. The state provides an advantageous competitive environment which is translated into important factors for enterprise innovative development. However, a fundamental question that needs to be answered: what elements should an innovation policy include, and how to carry out or implement the S&T policy? This study constructed a model for S&T policy decisions through reviewing literature on the national innovation system. By using the DEMATEL-based ANP method, we will identify key policy tools and their causes and effects. The results show that legal environment and fiscal instruments are the most important S&T policies.
摘要
Abstract
誌謝
目錄
圖目錄
表目錄
第壹章 緒論
第一節 研究背景
第二節 研究動機
第三節 研究目的
第四節 研究流程
第貳章 文獻回顧
第一節 創新趨勢
第二節 國家創新系統
第三節 臺灣科技政策及國際競爭力
第四節 多準則決策法之運用
第參章 研究方法
第一節 建立研究雛形架構
第二節 焦點團體法
第三節 確立研究架構
第四節 以決策實驗室分析法為基礎的網路分析程序法
第肆章 研究結果
第一節 DEMATEL分析結果
第二節 DANP分析結果
第伍章 結論與管理意涵
第一節 結論
第二節 管理意涵
第三節 研究限制及後續研究建議
參考文獻
附錄
個人簡歷

圖目錄
圖 1.1 研究流程
圖 3.1 研究雛形架構
圖 3.2 正式研究架構
圖 3.3 DANP 程序
圖 4.1 關鍵科技政策工具因果圖

表目錄
表 2.1 時代變遷因素之效應
表 2.2 國家創新系統定義綜整
表 2.3 科技政策供給面之評估構面及準則
表 2.4 科技政策環境面之評估構面及準則
表 2.5 科技政策需求面之評估構面及準則
表 2.6 2016年及2017年臺灣於IMD 國家競爭力各項指標排名
表 2.7 2013年至2017年臺灣於IMD 數位競爭力指標排名
表 2.8 2012年至2017年臺灣於GCI競爭力指標排名
表 2.9 國際著名機構納入本研究雛形架構過程
表 2.10 MCDM法運用於政策分析領域
表 2.11 MCDM法運用於科技管理領域
表 3.1 焦點團體法專家資料
表 3.2 焦點團體法雛形架構之構面增減
表 3.3 第一輪焦點團體法雛形架構之準則增減說明
表 3.4 第二輪焦點團體法雛形架構之準則增減說明
表 3.5 第三輪焦點團體法雛形架構之準則增減說明
表 3.6  DANP排序範例
表 4.1  DANP受訪專家資料
表 4.2 準則之直接影響矩陣Z
表 4.3 準則之正歸化矩陣X
表 4.4 準則之總影響關係矩陣T
表 4.5 準則之中心度與原因度
表 4.6 科技政策工具原因度屬性歸類
表 4.7 未加權超級矩陣 W
表 4.8 加權超級矩陣Ww
表 4.9 極限超級矩陣 W*
表 4.10 DEMATEL中心度及DANP權重
表 4.11 關鍵政策工具排序
表 4.12 關鍵科技政策工具因果圖形成過程
表 5.1 科技政策現況及其管理意涵
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