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論文名稱(外文):An Innovative Shopping Guide System For Large Scale Malls Using BIM and Indoor 3D-GIS Technologies
指導教授(外文):WEI-YEN LIN
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現行的室內適地性服務(Location-based Services)主要集中於應急避難、室內導覽、設施管理、教育訓練等方面,但因室內拓樸的建置與室內定位技術尚未成熟,因此多數的應用仍有很多延伸的空間。由於人口持續高度集中於都市,因此各類型賣場的規模與結構越趨複雜。如何提供有效的室內路線指引,對賣場的整體營運,乃至於租用賣場的商家其產品行銷,是一個重要的行銷重點。本文針對大型賣場的營運與商家產品的行銷,提出了一套商品搜尋與購物路線引導的資訊系統。購物者可透過類似電商平台的商品搜尋介面,鍵入特定廠牌關鍵字,系統即於電子地圖中顯示所有有銷售該商品且鄰近購物者的商家。若點選的特定商家位於大型賣場中,系統便會導至具有三維賣場建物模型的室內路徑規劃系統,顯示包括如樓梯、電梯等非平面路徑在內的室內路徑,引導購物者快速熟悉賣場配置,並找到所欲尋找的商家與商品的位置。本系統是基於建築物資訊模型(BIM)、3D Web GIS、資料庫、與網頁開發等技術開發而成,初步驗證的結果顯示,系統能滿足前述商品搜尋與購物路線引導的需求,期望研究成果未來可進一步擴充並推廣至國內外大型購物商場。

關鍵詞: 建築資訊模型(BIM),室內路徑規劃,導購系統

The current indoor location-based services mainly focus on emergency evacuation, indoor navigation, facility management, education and training, etc. Because both the generation of indoor topology and indoor positioning technology are not yet mature, however, functions provided by those above-mentioned applications are relatively limited. As the population continues to be highly concentrated in cities, the scale and structure of stores and shopping malls are becoming more and more complex. How to provide shoppers with effective indoor way-finding guidance is an important marketing measure both for the operation and management of shopping malls, and for the retailers who rent the mall space to marketing their products. This research proposes an information system both for shoppers to conduct an online commodity search and receive the shopping route guidance in large shopping malls as well as for mall administrators and retailers to marketing their brands and products.
Shoppers can conduct a product search by keying keywords of a specific brand through an interface similar to current e-commerce platforms. The system will display all retailers that sell the product and are near shoppers on the electronic map. If the selected retailer is located in a large shopping mall, the system will lead to an indoor path planning system with a three-dimensional shopping mall model, which displays indoor paths including non-level paths such as stairs and elevators to guide shoppers to quickly familiarize with the mall’s configuration and easily find the location of the retailer and product you are looking for.
This system is developed based on Building Information Modeling (BIM), 3D Web GIS, database, and web development technologies. The preliminary results show that the system can meet the aforementioned needs of online product search and displaying shopping route guidance. These results are expected to be extended and promoted to large shopping malls in the future.

Keywords: Building Information Modeling (BIM), indoor route planning, shopping guide system.

摘 要 III
CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1
1.1. Background and motivation 1
1.2. Objectives 2
1.3. Research frame work 2
CHAPTER 2 Related Work 4
2.1. Indoor LBS 4
2.2. Indoor wayfinding 6
2.3. Product Data management 9
2.4. BIM and indoor navigation in Business 11
2.4.1. Building Information Modeling in business 11
2.4.2. Indoor navigation in business 12
2.5. Summary 14
CHAPTER 3 Methodology 16
3.1 Use Case Analysis 16
3.1.1 Product Search Page 17
3.1.2 3D Portal of Shopping Mall 17
3.1.3 GIS Admin System 18
3.2 3D Modeling on the Cloud 19
3.2.1 Creating 3D Models 20
3.2.2 Exporting IFC file 24
3.2.3 Geo-referencing the model 26
3.2.4 Creating the 3D Portal of Shopping Mall 27
3.3 Constructing Indoor Topology 30
3.3.1 Creating Indoor Paths using i-GIT 31
3.2.2. Creating POI 34
3.3.3 Creating Object ID 35
3.3.4 Creating a data file 36
3.3.5 Update data file 40
CHAPTER 4 System Demonstration 41
4.1 Product Search 41
4.2 Pick a Retailer 43
4.3 View the 3D Model 44
4.4 Find the Way and 3D Navigation 45
CHAPTER 5 Conclusion 49
Reference 51

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