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研究生:貝瑪雅
研究生(外文):Maja Bernau
論文名稱:以現代通用醫療結合遠距醫療的創新醫療方式在坦尚尼亞之探索性研究
論文名稱(外文):The innovative solution by modern generic medication and telemedicine in Tanzania
指導教授:陳銘芷陳銘芷引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Ming-Chih
口試委員:何昶鴛王敏
口試委員(外文):Chaang-Iuan HoMin Wang
口試日期:2019-03-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:國際創業與經營管理學程碩士在職專班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:
外文關鍵詞:TelemedicineHealth ATMTanzaniaTelecommunication
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  • 點閱點閱:117
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
Within the past few decades technology has evolved at a rapid rate which has resulted in ease and innovation in many industries. One sector that has been greatly benefitted by technological advancements is the health sector. Technology has led to radical advancements in the health industry, not only in service quality but also the accuracy of diagnosis and means of treatments. One of them being Health ATMs in nations suffering from extreme poverty. Health ATMs are a versatile medical kiosk, which are developed for rural, and urban areas in developing countries. Health ATMs provide a low cost and rapid solution for accurate diagnostic of the major diseases that are burdening the nation (Malaria, HIV, hypertension, Hepatitis B and more)
This technology aims to empower patients, by providing them with access to information and tools which can aid them during different related health processes. Furthermore, through this there are increased cases of prevention as individuals are more aware of their existing health status. The majority of the African population reside in rural areas, where there are very few doctors and specialists available to service the population (In Tanzania currently there are 0.02 physicians per 1000 people). This results in a minimum self-awareness amongst the population as well as a lower life expectancy rate.
Today, Africa faces the challenge of providing affordable and qualitative healthcare to their population, like in Tanzania. Many people living in the rural areas cannot afford going to a facility with doctors and therefore rely on the health facilities close by, with no doctors. The patients might receive for a false diagnosis test or treatment leading to further complications.
The main goal of this study is to prove that through the use of technology, like health ATMs, developing countries in Africa, like Tanzania, are able to achieve greater health awareness on a national level in order to provide better standards of living as well as prevent major communicable and non-communicable diseases from spreading. Offering an accessible and low cost solution to the population would not only promote a healthier lifestyle, but also educate on the importance of hygiene and routine checkups. Furthermore, generating an awareness of the overall health status provides useful information for accurate allocation of resources for local and foreign institutions in order to combat and prevent people from regularly falling victim to major diseases.
Chapter 1 Introduction .................................................................................. 1
1.1 Background .......................................................................................... 1
1.2 Introduction to Tanzania ...................................................................... 3
1.2.1 Social Factor ................................................................................. 3
1.2.2 Political Factor ............................................................................. 4
1.2.3 Economical Outlook ...................................................................... 6
1.3 Research Objective & Motivation ....................................................... 7
1.4 Explanation of my Research ................................................................ 9
1.5 Research Limitation and Assumption ................................................ 10
Chapter 2 Literature Review ....................................................................... 11
2.1 The Idea Behind Health Kiosks ......................................................... 11
2.2 MPESA .............................................................................................. 17
2.3 Health ATMs in India ........................................................................ 20
Chapter 3 Methodology ............................................................................... 22
3.1 Tanzania’s Health Figures ................................................................. 22
3.2 Description of the Health ATM ......................................................... 23
3.3 Approach ............................................................................................ 24
3.4 Data Collection .................................................................................. 26
3.4.1 Descriptive Statistics ................................................................... 26
II
3.4.2 Personal Interviews ..................................................................... 30
Chapter 4 Analysis ...................................................................................... 33
4.1 Analysis of Results ............................................................................ 33
4.2 Comparing Data Results .................................................................... 37
4.3 External Environment ........................................................................ 38
4.4 Educating the Population ................................................................... 40
Chapter 5 Conclusion .................................................................................. 42
5.1 Research Conclusion.......................................................................... 42
5.2 Research Limitation ........................................................................... 43
References ................................................................................................... 45
Appendix ..................................................................................................... 50
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