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研究生:TRAN THI HOANG OANH
研究生(外文):陳氏黃縈
論文名稱:醫院中風後老年人憂鬱症及相關因素之探討
論文名稱(外文):DEPRESSION AND RELATED FACTORS IN OLDER ADULTS AFTER STROKE IN THE HOSPITAL, VIET NAM
指導教授:李昭螢李昭螢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chao-Yin Li
口試委員:黃世惠Quach Huu Trung
口試委員(外文):Huang Shih Hui
口試日期:2019-08-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔英科技大學
系所名稱:護理系碩士班
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:中風抑鬱症老年人
外文關鍵詞:Strokepost-stroke depressionolder
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摘要

中風是常見的神經系統疾病之一,也是老年人常見的疾病和死亡和殘障的原因。近年來,在越南,中風已經成為嚴重的健康問題,是癌症和心血管疾病之後死亡的第三大原因。
中風通常突然發生並伴有局灶性神經症狀,意識障礙。如果疾病的急性期通常會留下許多身體和精神上的後遺症,並極大地影響患者的生活品質。在中風後產生的精神障礙中,憂鬱症是最常見的表現。憂鬱症會對患有中風的人產生不利影響,例如冗長的復原時間 - 住院時間,生活品質下降,死亡風險增加,認知能力下降等。
中風後憂鬱是老年人中風最常見的神經系統併發症。這是一個描述性研究,探討中風後憂鬱症的發生率及相關因素的,包括年齡,性別,教育程度,日常活動,社會支持等變數。 2019年1月至4月,隨機選擇了120名參與者參與這項研究。資料收集在金蘭醫院和傳統醫院進行 - 越南慶和省恢復使用四個問題:人口統計學,中風後憂鬱量表(PSDRS),0.85可靠性,修訂巴塞爾指數(MBI) ,可靠性為0.94,認知社會支持量表(MSPSS),其可靠性為0.87. 使用頻率,百分比,平均值,標準差及皮爾森相關性來分析數據。
結果顯示,老年人中風後會出現憂鬱症。中風患者年齡在60至93歲之間,平均為68.43歲(SD = 7,375)。日常活動和社會支持活動與中風後憂鬱症顯著相關(r = -.567,r = -652,p <0.01)。然而,年齡,性別,婚姻狀況與中風後憂鬱之間的關係沒有顯著差異。因此,建議減少這些老年人中風後憂鬱的護理措施應考慮這些因素。研究顯示,醫護工作者需要採取措施支持患者,並與家屬溝通協調,更應注重患者的心理和情感方面問題,尤其是溝通。
關鍵詞:中風,抑鬱症,老年人。


Abstract

Stroke is one of the common neuropathy, which is a common medical condition in the elderly and a major cause of death and disability for people with the disease. In Vietnam in recent years, brain stroke has become a serious health problem for people, the third leading cause of death after cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Stroke usually occurs suddenly and severely with focal neurological symptoms, disturbed consciousness. If the acute phase of illness usually leaves many physical and mental sequelaes and greatly affects the quality of life of the patient. In mental disorders after stroke, depression is the most common manifestation. Depression adversely affects people with brain stroke such as prolonged rehabilitation time - hospital stay, reduced quality of life, increased risk of death, cognitive decline.
Depression after stroke is the most common neurological complication of stroke in older people. This descriptive study investigates the incidence of depression after stroke and examines its relationship with related factors including age, gender, education level, daily activities, Social support of these elders. One hundred and twenty participants were randomly selected to participate in this study from January to April 2019. Data collection was conducted at Cam Ranh Hospital and Traditional Medicine Hospital- Khanh Hoa Province Rehabilitation, Vietnam using four questions: Demographic, Post-stroke Depression Assessment (PSDRS), with .85 reliability, revised Bathel Index (MBI) , with reliability of .94, Multi-dimensional scale of Cognitive Social Support (MSPSS), with its reliability of .87. Frequency, percentage, average value, standard deviation were used to analyze the data.
The results show that older people may also experience depression after a stroke. People with brain stroke are between 60 and 93 years old with an average of 68.43 years (SD = 7.375). Activities of daily living and social support are significantly correlated with depression after stroke (r = -.567, r = -.652, p <.01, respectively). However, there is no statistical significance in the relationship between age, gender, marriage level and depression after stroke. Therefore, it is recommended that nursing interventions to reduce post-stroke depression in these older people should consider these factors. Research shows that health workers need to take measures to support patients, to coordinate with relatives, families and society to pay more attention to the psychological and emotional issues of patients, especially communication. with them, learn to grasp the happenings, the state, the psychology of the patients, to timely encourage the patients to be assured of treatment.
Keywords: Stroke, post-stroke depression, older.



Table of contents
Recommendation Letter from the Thesis Advisor i
Thesis/Dissertation Oral Defense Committee Certification ii
Acknowledgments iii
摘要 iv
Abstract vi
Chapter 1: Introduction 1
Background and statement of the problem 1
Research purposes 4
Research Hypothesis 4
Chapter 2: Literature Review 5
Overview of stroke in older adults 5
Stroke in Vietnam 7
Pathologic mechanism of stroke 8
Psychological factors after stroke 9
Physical injury after stroke 10
Post stroke depression 10
Norepinephrine alterations 11
Serotonergic alterations 11
Diagnosis of post stroke depression 13
Types and symptoms of post stroke depression 14
Post stroke depression in Vietnam 15
Factors related to post stroke depression 15
Conceptual framework 19
Conclusion 20
Chapter 3: Methodology 22
Research design 22
Setting 22
Sampling 22
Sample size 23
Instruments 24
Data Collection 27
Ethical considerations 27
Data Analysis 28
Chapter 4: Results 29
Demographic characteristics of the older adults 29
Descriptions of post stroke depression, activities of daily living, social support 31
Descriptions of activities of daily living 31
Descriptions of social support 32
The relationship between the demographic and post stroke depression 33
Relationship between the level of depression and the level of independence in daily life and the level of the social support 34
Chapter 5: Discussion 35
Summary 35
Research results 36
Discussion 36
Chapter 6: Conclusion 41
The reality of depression in people with stroke 41
Factors related to depression in people with stroke 42
Implications for Nursing 42
Strengths and Limitations 43
Recommendation for Future Research 44
References 45
Appendix 55
Appendix A: Agreement Form (English version) 55
Appendix B: Agreement Form (Vietnamese version) 56
Appendix C: Questionnaire (English version) 57
Appendix D: Questionnaire (Vietnamese version) 66
Appendix E: IRB 76
76

List of tables
Table 1: Demographic characteristics of the older adults (N=120) 29
Table 2: Descriptions of post stroke depression (N =120) 31
Table 3: Descriptions of activities of daily living (N=120) 32
Table 4: Descriptions of social support 32
Table 5: The relationship between demographic and post stroke depression (N=120) 33
Table 6: The relationship between depression and independence in daily life and social support (N=120) 34





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