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研究生:吳佾澂
研究生(外文):WU,YI-CHENG
論文名稱:芒果保鮮技術改善炭疽病發生之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study On Improving The Occurrence Of Anthracnose By Mango Preservation Technology
指導教授:邱凱瑩
指導教授(外文):CHIU,KAI-YING
口試委員:莊老達羅惠萍邱凱瑩
口試委員(外文):ZHUANG,LAO-DALO,HUI-PINGCHIU,KAI-YING
口試日期:2019-07-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:明道大學
系所名稱:精緻農業學系碩士班
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:芒果保鮮技術高壓靜電場炭疽病
外文關鍵詞:MangoPreservation TechnologyHigh Voltage Eletrostatic FieldAnthracno
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果皮色差與後熟果皮轉色相關,可溶性固形物含量之變化受到呼吸作用影響,可滴定酸變化會隨著後熟階段而升高,本試驗經不同殺菌處理中發現20 KV.cm-2處理後提升可溶性固形物之含量及果實色差,果實硬度之變化會受到果膠降解而改變,果膠降解程度與果實成熟度相關,本試驗發現施用溫湯處理後果實硬度下降較緩慢,經溫湯處理及高壓靜電場20 KV.cm-2處理能夠有效減低芒果病斑指數,且不影響果實酚類化合物及類黃酮化合物之含量, POD活性之改變除了因植物受到病原菌攻擊外其在衰老後期POD活性也會急劇上升,施用溫湯處理和20 KV.cm-2處理可延緩POD活性上升;在不同抑菌處理中施用果蠟可以提升果實色差外,對於可溶性固形物、可滴定酸及果實硬度則是沒有顯著的效果,對於病斑指數也沒有顯著效果,而施用幾丁聚醣處理可延緩POD活性上升,但抑菌處理對於炭疽病的發生是沒有影響。
The peel color is related ripened of mango. The content of total soluble solids is affected by respiration. The titratable acid will increase with the post-ripe stage.In different fungicidal treatments found 20 KV.cm-2 treatment the content of total soluble solids and the peel color of the mango are increased.The firmness will be changed by the degradation of pectin. The degree of pectin degradation is related to the post-ripe of the mango.The hot water treatment and high voltage electrostatic field 20 KV.cm-2 treatment can effectively reduce disease severity index, and does not affect the content of phenolic compounds and flavonoids in the mango.The POD activity increased caused by attacked by pathogenic bacteria and the POD activity to increase sharply in the later stages of aging. The 20 KV.cm-2 treatment can delay the increase of POD activity.In different antifungal treatment it can improve the peel color of mango,but has no significant effect on toatl soluble solids, titratable acids, frimness and disease severity index. The application of chitosan treatment can delay the increase of POD activity.But the different antifungal treatment has no effect on the occurrence of anthracnose.
目錄
表目錄 I
圖目錄 III
中文摘要 V
英文摘要 VI
壹、 前言(Introduction) 1
貳、前人研究(Literature Review) 3
一、芒果概說 3
二、炭疽病 4
三、病原菌與植物體內自由基清除之方式 5
四、高壓靜電場概論 6
五、電解水概論 8
六、溫湯處理概論 11
七、幾丁聚醣概論 13
八、果蠟概論 15
參、材料與方法(Materials and Methods) 18
試驗一、不同殺菌處理對炭疽病之影響 18
試驗二、不同抑菌處理對炭疽病之影響 19
肆、結果(Results) 24
伍、討論 (discussion) 61
陸、結論 (Conclusion) 80
柒、參考文獻(References) 82

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