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研究生:梁家瑜
研究生(外文):Liang, Chia-Yu
論文名稱:過度教育與學用不符對台灣高等教育畢業生的薪資與工作滿意度影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Overeducation and Skill Mismatch on Wage and Job Satisfaction of College Graduates in Taiwan
指導教授:莊奕琦莊奕琦引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chuang, Yih-Chyi
口試委員:關秉寅徐美
口試日期:2019-01-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:應用經濟與社會發展英語碩士學位學程(IMES)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:37
外文關鍵詞:TaiwanTEPS-BWagesJob satisfaction
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Overeducation and skill mismatch are two incidents commonly occurring when job-seeking. Imperfect information and the failure of market mechanisms can result in such mismatch. Job mobility and job competition theories state that overeducation can be voluntary, as job-seekers want to be more competitive than other candidates or expect a more promising career. Human capital theory points out that it is likely that graduates choose to be overeducated because they have too little experience and feel unprepared to do an adequate job. Overeducation, in particular, has been an issue since the expansion of higher education. Assignment theory explains that an increase in skilled labor brings about a lower wage, on average. These issues are strongly associated with the education and labor markets. This has definitely been a concern in Taiwan since the 1980s. These two items have the potential to influence both wages and job satisfaction. In this research, ordinary least squares (OLS), Heckman two-step, and inverse probability-weighting (IPW) estimates will be used to analyze wage effect. Probit models will be used to study job satisfaction. The first section of the research will use three methods and examine the effects on the entire highly-educated labor of the Taiwan Education Panel Survey-Beyond (TEPS-B) from the 2014 interview. After comparing three estimates, one will be adopted in further research of wage effect, and a probit model will be used for job satisfaction. This further research will stratify highly-educated graduates into six groups: gender, ranking, profession, institution, ownership, and industries. In the specification of gender, women claim less overeducation but have a higher wage penalty than men. Top 10, medical, and public graduation have stronger effects on wages and satisfaction. This indicates that Taiwanese elite universities have an impairment regarding educational distribution and therefore not every graduate takes a job as he or she expects. Third industry workers have a lower effect on wage penalty and are more willing to be overeducated or skill mismatched.
1. Introduction 1
2. Literature review 2
3. Data 4
4. Methodology 13
5. Result 16
6. Discussion 29
7. Conclusion 33
8. Reference 36
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