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研究生:吳芳菁
研究生(外文):Fang-Ching Wu
論文名稱:臺灣空氣污染對人類疾病與植物生理影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):A study on the effects of human diseases and plant physiology by air pollution in Taiwan
指導教授:朱彥煒朱彥煒引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yen-Wei Chu
口試委員:謝立青陳玉菁
口試委員(外文):Li-Ching HsiehYu-Ching Chen
口試日期:2018-09-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:生命科學院碩士在職專班
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:空氣汙染PM2.5PM10火力發電廠相關係數
外文關鍵詞:Air pollutionPM2.5PM10thermal power plantcorrelation coefficient
相關次數:
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近幾年人民因生活水平的提升,在過去因經濟蕭條而被漠視的空氣汙染議題,逐漸被愈來愈多民眾正視,多次空氣品質達紅色警戒、紫爆指數居高不下,讓當地居民有感而怨聲載道,加上媒體新聞多次爭相報導環保相關團體因空汙品質下滑、以街頭怒吼、抗議的方式,直指臺中電廠是空汙的元凶…,諸如此類的空汙議題,讓發電廠因燃煤而排放的煙囪,即便高度高達約250公尺,但已儼然成為中部居民的眼中釘,「今天空氣品質指標情形如何?」似乎已成為人們每天關心、談話中的重要議題。
本研究主要在得知2017年台灣空汙情況後,將境外汙染、火力發電廠、機車排放分成三面向,與就近的各縣市做相關性的分析,最後再將臺灣人民常吃的植物,以葉片細胞作一概略性的比較。相較於北部,過去八年間中、南部的空氣品質較差,空汙嚴重程度與火力發電廠也有顯著的相關性,季節性的風向、風速也影響臺灣空氣汙染濃度的變化,只要境外汙染濃度偏高,季風吹拂的關係,汙染物就會隨之飄散到臺灣來。相關疾病就診人數,因科技發達,延緩了人類罹病、致死率,但因PM2.5產生的相關疾病、及死亡率正逐年提升中。
In recent years, due to the improvement of living standards, the air pollution problems that have been ignored in the past due to economic depression have gradually become more and more popular. Many air quality has reached a red alert and the purple explosion index remains high, allowing local residents to There are feelings and complaints, and media news has repeatedly rushed to report that environmental protection groups have fallen due to the deterioration of air pollution quality, street roars and protests, pointing to Taichung Power Plant as the culprit of air pollution... and so on. The chimneys emitted by the factory due to coal burning, even at a height of about 250 meters, have become the eyes of the central residents. What is the current situation of air quality indicators? It seems to have become an important issue in daily care and conversation.
After learning about the air pollution situation in Taiwan in 2017, this study will divide the overseas pollution, thermal power plants and locomotive emissions into three aspects, analyze the correlation with the neighboring counties and cities, and finally plant the plants that the people of Taiwan often eat. Take a rough comparison of leaf cells. Compared with the north, the air quality in the middle and south has been poor in the past eight years. The severity of air pollution is also significantly correlated with thermal power plants. Seasonal wind direction and wind speed also affect the change of air pollution concentration in Taiwan, as long as the concentration of foreign pollution is biased. High, the monsoon boasted, the pollutants will then drift to Taiwan. The number of related diseases, due to the development of science and technology, has delayed human rickets and mortality, but the related diseases and mortality caused by PM2.5 are increasing year by year.
致謝 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 v
壹、緒論 1
一、前言 1
二、研究動機 3
貳、文獻探討與相關背景知識 5
一、文獻探討 5
二、相關知識 6
參、研究方法與步驟 7
一、研究方法 7
二、實驗流程架構圖 9
三、研究步驟 10
肆、研究結果 15
一、2017年空氣汙染物在各縣市濃度分布的情形 15
(一)全球衛星氣溶膠(PM2.5)的監測圖 15
(二)2017年臺灣每月的最後一天風場圖 15
(三)臺灣各縣市在2017年空氣汙染物的濃度比例圖 15
(四)臺灣過去一年(2017年)中,各項空汙物在各縣市的年均濃度分布 21
二、過去八年間(2010-2017)各項空氣汙染的情形 26
(一) PM2.5、PM10、NO2、SO2、O3的汙染濃度情形 26
(二) 研究過去八年光化學物質在各測站的濃度分布情形 30
三、境外汙染、火力電廠、機車輛數與臺灣汙染的相關程度 34
(一)境 外 相 關 34
(二)火力發電廠周邊測站與都市(市區)污染濃度之間的關係 38
(三)機車輛數與市區污染物濃度的相關程度 41
四、健康風險與植物葉片生理變化 46
(一)國民空汙相關疾病風險 46
(二)國民空汙相關疾病死亡風險 48
(三)植物空汙相關風險 49
伍、研究討論 51
陸、研究結論與建議 53
參考資料 55
一、中文部分:
1.環保署,空氣品質監測網:Retrieved February 3, 2018, from:
https://taqm.epa.gov.tw/taqm/tw/default.aspx
2.美國太空總署空氣監測網站 Retrieved December 31, 2017, from:
https://worldview.earthdata.nasa.gov/
3.美國NASA地科衛星任務網站Retrieved December 31, 2017, from:
https://observer.globe.gov/science-connections/nasa-missions
4.VENTUSKY風雨氣溫圖網站 Retrieved December 31, 2017, from:
https://www.ventusky.com/?p=22.98;120.44;6&l=humidity&t=20171231/035
5.中華人民共和國國家統計局 Retrieved December 31, 2018, from:
http://www.stats.gov.cn/
6.蘋果日報網站即時新聞 Retrieved October 17, 2017, from:
https://tw.appledaily.com/new/realtime/20160311/814035/
7.蘋果日報網站即時新聞 Retrieved October 17, 2016, from:
https://tw.appledaily.com/new/realtime/20161017/969871/
8.風傳媒新聞網頁Retrieved January 1, 2018, from:
https://www.storm.mg/article/3796973
9.台灣電力公司Retrieved February 3, 2018, from:
http://www.taipower.com.tw/tc/page.aspx?mid=202&cid=130&cchk=f8fb50ec-6465-4637-a2d6-97c05646ada6
10.環境資源資料庫Retrieved February 3, 2018, from:
https://erdb.epa.gov.tw/DataRepository/ReportAndStatistics/StatSceMotors.aspx
11.衛生福利部統計處 Retrieved April 1, 2018, from:
https://dep.mohw.gov.tw/DOS/np-1714-113.html
12.鄭師中(2013)氣象學-氣候變遷與災變天氣。合記圖書出版社。
10. The Scatter Plot & Linear Regression Retrieved February 3, 2018, from:
http://www.cqeacademy.com/cqe-body-of-knowledge/continuous-improvement/quality-control-tools/the-scatter-plot-linear-regression/





二、西文部分
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