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研究生:李其晏
研究生(外文):Chi-Yen Li
論文名稱:‘貝利A’與‘巨峰’葡萄雜交三倍體後代特性之研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on Characteristics of Triploid Progenies Derived from Crossing between ‘Muscat Bailey A’ and ‘Kyoho’ Grapevines
指導教授:陳京城
指導教授(外文):Ching-Chang Chen
口試委員:楊耀祥施昭彰陳京城
口試日期:2019-01-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:植物生長調節劑三倍體葡萄果實品質
外文關鍵詞:Plant growth regulatorsTriploid grapevineFruit quality
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  以二倍體‘貝利A’與四倍體‘巨峰’葡萄雜交育成的三倍體葡萄‘BK3N-01’、‘BK3N-02’及‘BK3N-03’作為材料,調查此三者之基本性狀,結果顯示,‘BK3N-01’、‘BK3N-02’及‘BK3N-03’生長勢均極強,其中‘BK3N-01’果皮為黃綠色,而‘BK3N-02’及‘BK3N-03’果皮為紫黑色,果實均為無子。

  於雜交三倍體葡萄滿花期及果實肥大期施用不同生長調節劑,調查其對果實品質之影響為何,結果顯示,滿花期單獨處理10 ppm CPPU之果實果粒較小,而滿花期處理10 ppm CPPU+ 20 ppm GA3可有效增加果穗重及單果粒重。

於滿花期皆處理25 ppm GA3之試驗中,僅於滿花期處理一次 GA3之果粒較小,果汁糖度最高;滿花後再處理一次25或50 ppm GA3之果穗、果粒重皆明顯增加。另外,花後20天處理25 ppm GA3 +5 ppm 4-CPA顯著增加果粒及果穗梗重量,但果汁糖度明顯較低,果實轉色不良。

  總結,本研究調查之三倍體葡萄品系花芽分化均良好、果實無子率高,但滿花期必須處理GA3以穩定著果,並於花後1至3週內再次處理生長調節劑GA3與CPPU以促進果實肥大。但滿花後處理GA3、CPPU、4-CPA 雖然可以有效促進果實肥大,但易出現果穂梗木質化嚴重彈性較差及果皮轉色不良之情形。未來可針對生長調節劑種類、施用濃度及施用時間進行更深入研究,以找出較佳之處理條件。
  The triploid grapevines ‘BK3N-01’, ‘BK3N-02’ and ‘BK3N-03’ derived from crossing between ‘Muscat Bailey A’ and ‘Kyoho’ have vigorous vegetative growth characteristics. The skin color of ''BK3N-01'' is green while that of ''BK3N-02'' and ''BK3N-03'' are purple. All the three cultivars have seedless berries.

  Different plant growth regulators were applied at full bloom and two weeks after full bloom. The results showed that the treatment of 10 ppm CPPU at full bloom produced small berries while the treatment of 10 ppm CPPU+ 20 ppm GA3 at full bloom could effectively increase bunch and berry weight.

The treatment of applying 25 ppm GA3 once at full bloom, produced small berries but the juice total soluble solids was the highest. The weight of the bunch and berries treated with 25 or 50 ppm GA3 at full bloom and two weeks after full bloom were significantly higher. The treatment of 25 ppm GA3 + 5 ppm 4-CPA two weeks after full bloom significantly increased the berry and rachis weight, but the juice total soluble solids was lower and berry skin coloration was poor.

  In summary, the triploid grapevines investigated in this study had good flower differentiation and they all produced seedless berries. However, the inflorescences of triploid grapevines need to be treated with GA3 at full bloom to increase fruit set. In addition, the fruit clusters should be treated with plant growth regulators, GA3 and CPPU, to enlarge the berry size. In this study, the treatment of GA3, CPPU and 4-CPA after full bloom significantly enlarged the berry size, but also increased the rachis lignification and reduced its elasticity. The high concentration treatments of plant growth regulators also caused a negative impact on colorization. More plant growth regulators, concentrations and application time should be tested in the future study in order to find a better treatment method.
中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
目次. iii
表目次 iv
圖目次 v
一、前言 1
二、前人研究 2
(一)葡萄栽培現況 2
(二)葡萄果實與種子之發育 2
(三)無子葡萄品種之選育 4
(四)植物生長調節劑於葡萄栽培上之應用 6
三、材料及方法 9
試驗一、雜交三倍體葡萄之性狀調查 9
試驗二、植物生長調節劑對三倍體葡萄果實品質之影響 12
(一)花穂GA、CPPU之處理 12
(二)花穂GA、CPPU、NAA、4-CPA、Urea 之處理 13
四、結果 15
試驗一、雜交三倍體葡萄之性狀調查 15
試驗二、植物生長調節劑對三倍體葡萄果實品質之影響 25
(一)花穂GA、CPPU之處理 25
(二)花穂GA、CPPU、NAA、4-CPA、Urea 之處理 26
五、討論 38
(一)雜交三倍體葡萄之性狀調查 38
(二)植物生長調節劑對三倍體葡萄果實品質之影響 38
(三)總結 40
參考文獻 41
附表 47
附圖 57
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