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研究生:蔡佳蓉
研究生(外文):Jia-RongTsai
論文名稱:探索不同類型玩具特質誘發家貓遊玩度之研究
論文名稱(外文):Exploring domestic cats\' play motivation toward different types of cat toys
指導教授:何俊亨何俊亨引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Heng Ho
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:家貓貓玩具狩獵行為行為觀察
外文關鍵詞:Domestic CatsCat ToyHunting BehaviorBehavioral Observation
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現代家貓的基本生活需求多已滿足,有食物、水、熱源等資源,探索行為則變成生活的首重,因其狩獵本性仍然保留,擁有多種不同類型玩具可豐富貓的生活,並消耗精力維持瘦肉組織。玩具作為貓用具,除了滿足狩獵天性,也可作為行為矯正工具,並促進人貓關係,玩具的重要性少被提起,並且現今無全面性的寵物用品規範法規,而多數玩具是設計來吸引主人,而非從貓感受得到的材質、尺寸來符合貓的需求。
本研究採用直接觀察法與焦點個體採樣法做行為觀察,並參考Hall & Bradshaw (1998) The influence of hunger on object play by adult domestic cats一文規範觀察對象、流程與環境、行為、實驗玩具,並統一玩法為減少其對所展現之狩獵行為影響,期盼從家貓與玩具互動的行為經驗,討論家貓對各類型玩具所展現的遊玩度,並使用遊玩度做為未來貓玩具設計的準則,做為未來設計時參考。
研究結果顯示,不同類型玩具影響遊玩度,如體積纖長的逗貓棒、自動旋轉玩具展現最多種遊玩度高之行為,體積最小的填充,以及最大的自走、仿聲玩具各僅有兩個遊玩度高之行為,益智玩具則無遊玩度高之行為上可在設計上改善,效果依遊玩度排名:逗貓棒 〉 自動旋轉〉 填充 = 自走 = 仿聲 〉 益智;再來有、無經驗家貓也會影響狩獵行為展現,有經驗家貓更加積極、具攻擊性多作「重咬、打、踢」,無經驗家貓則積極性低、攻擊性弱多作「抓、拍」。
不同尺寸玩具也會影響狩獵行為,家貓對小尺寸玩具多展現口部動作,大尺寸玩具多展現「踢」, 依據其特質如自行移動、鳥類叫聲作「緊抱」、「咬」;尺寸纖長玩具 (大尺寸玩具的長,小尺寸玩具的寬) 展現最多種動作。部分家貓對電動玩具不感興趣,不排除是規律動作循環與真實獵物動作不符,建議其軌道可朝模擬真實獵物改良,如不規則路徑、變速、增加停頓秒數等。
Most of basic needs of domestic cats are met, living in the environment full of water, food, warmth and coolness. The exploratory behavior become great priority in cats life as it still need to fulfill its natural instinct, having different types of toy enrich cats life and help maintain them in shape. Cat toy as a cat product can fulfill their need to hunt, releasing pressure during remedy, and bonding human-cat relationship. Its importance is rarely being mentioned and often neglected. Yet most cat toys are designed to appeal to its owner, rather than met the cats need from the perspective of texture, size.
Behavioral experience is the focus of this study and is conducted with direct observation and focal-animal sampling. From the process of regulating subjects, procedure, environment, behaviors and experimental toy to unify the play rule to reduce the possible impact on influencing hunting behaviors. A Cat-Toy-Type Standard from the perspective of High-Play motivation is proposed of statistically significances results.
Play motivation are influenced by different toy types showed by the results, with most variety of Highly Play motivated behaviors are showed in Fishing-Rod, Motor Whirl toy. Stuffed toy, Motor Mouse and Songbird which have the smallest and biggest size only showed 2 Highly Play motivated behaviors; while no Highly Play motivated behavior is showed from Intellectual toy. Rank of High-Play motivation from Cat Toy Type is: Fishing-Rod〉 Motor Whirl〉 Stuffed= Motor Mouse= Songbird 〉 Intellectual. Experienced and Inexperienced also influenced the hunting behaviors, with more aggression showed from Experienced cats exhibiting Killbite, Hit and Kick.
Different size of toy also influenced the hunting behaviors, with muzzle movement most showed in small size. Cats Kick if it is large size, Clutch if it is fast-moving and Chew if it is songbird sounding. Most variety of behaviors are showed in slim size toy. Some cats are disinterested in motorized toys which showed fixed pattern circulation which are less close to natural prey. Random routes, speed-shifting, adding random stop seconds are recommended to simulate the natural prey.
摘要 i
SUMMARY ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii
TABLE OF CONTENT iv
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES viii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background 1
1.2 Research Motivation 2
1.2.1 Importance of Cat Toys 2
1.2.2 Designing from Behavioral Experience 2
1.3 Research Purpose 3
1.4 Research Scope 3
1.5 Research Framework 4
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Feline Breeds and Personality 6
2.2 Feline Emotions and Desire System 8
2.2.1 Hunting Behavior 10
2.3 Human-Cat Relationship 13
2.4 Analysis of Cat Toys 15
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODS 18
3.1 Research Method 19
3.1.1 Direct Observation 19
3.1.2 Focal-Animal Sampling 20
3.2 Observation Approach 21
3.2.1 Subjects 21
3.2.2 Procedure and Environment 22
3.2.3 Observation Behavior 22
3.2.4 Experimental Cat Toy Selection 23

CHAPTER 4 ANALYSIS AND CAT-TOYS TYPE 26
4.1 Questionnaire Data Analysis 26
4.2 Cat Toy Type, Experienced and Inexperienced Cats And Its Impact On Hunting Behavior 26
4.2.1 Impact of Cat Toy Type On Experienced and Inexperienced Cat 27
4.2.2 Impact of Experienced and Inexperienced Cat with Different Cat Toy Type 29
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION 32
5.1 Proposing Cat Toy Type Standard 32
5.2 Research Results 35
5.3 Research Contribution 37
5.4 Suggestion For Prospective Research 37
Appendix A Impact of Cat Toy Type on Experienced and Inexperienced Cats Post-Hoc Table 38
REFERENCES 48
Appendix B 中文論文 51
第1章 緒論 51
1.1 研究背景 51
1.2 研究動機 52
1.2.1 玩具的重要性 52
1.2.2 從行為經驗探討玩具類型的設計 53
1.3 研究目的 53
1.4 研究範圍 53
1.5 研究架構 54
第2章 文獻探討 56
2.1 貓的種類與個性 56
2.2 貓的反應行為與狩獵行為 58
2.2.1 狩獵行為 60
2.3 人貓關係 62
2.4 貓玩具分析 64
第3章 研究方法 67
3.1 研究方法 67
3.1.1 直接觀察法 68
3.1.2 焦點個體採樣法 69
3.2 觀察規劃 69
3.2.1 觀察對象 69
3.2.2 觀察流程與環境 70
3.2.1 觀察行為 70
3.2.2 實驗玩具挑選 71
第4章 資料分析與玩具類型 74
4.1 問卷資料分析 74
4.2 玩具類型、有無狩獵經驗家貓對狩獵行為之影響 74
4.2.1 玩具類型對有、無狩獵經驗家貓之狩獵行為影響 74
4.2.2 有、無狩獵經驗家貓對玩具類型之狩獵行為影響 77
第5章 結論與建議 79
5.1 各類型玩具規則 79
5.2 研究結果 82
5.3 研究貢獻 83
5.4 後續研究建議 84
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