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研究生:魏夫雨
研究生(外文):Fu-YuWei
論文名稱:《亞當·比德》與快樂結局
論文名稱(外文):Adam Bede and Its Issue of Happy Ending
指導教授:陳昭芳陳昭芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chao-Fang Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:喬治·艾略特《亞當·比德》快樂結局受難悲劇《詩學》
外文關鍵詞:George EliotAdam Bedehappy endingsufferingtragedyPoetics
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本文探討喬治·艾略特(George Eliot)的小說《亞當·比德》(Adam Bede)中如何成就亞當·比德與黛娜·莫里斯(Dinah Morris)的快樂結局,以及此快樂結局如何連結艾略特所謂悲劇的概念。《亞當·比德》以亞當與黛娜的婚姻與子女作結,看似是十九世紀小說的傳統快樂結局,然而並非所有學者都認為此結局對亞當與黛娜而言是快樂的。此外,學者們對於此結局與小說情節的連貫性也抱持分歧的意見。本文以亞當與黛娜兩角為分析主軸,將《亞當·比德》視為蘭道·克雷格(Randall Craig)所謂「以美好結局作收的十九世紀悲劇小說」,並進一步提出亞當與黛娜的婚姻乃是對於兩人從受難中學習改進的獎賞。本文共有五個章節。第一章概述學者們與筆者對小說結局的不同解讀。第二章談論促使艾略特將《亞當·比德》塑造成「以美好結局作收的十九世紀悲劇小說」的主要歷史背景:一是十九世紀時小說取代戲劇,成為文人創作悲劇性要素所採用的文類;二是艾略特廣泛閱讀,恰好亞里斯多德的《詩學》帶給她靈感,創造自己的悲劇元素並將其運用於作品中,而這些作品正包含《亞當·比德》。第三章闡釋亞當身為悲劇英雄,如何從受難中學習不再輕信外表,進而論述亞當與黛娜的婚姻是對亞當改過的獎賞。第四章接著以相似的手法闡述黛娜身為悲劇女英雄,如何從內心掙扎這一受難中意識到自己缺乏自我關懷,學習接受自己對亞當的愛,進而闡明亞當與黛娜的婚姻是對黛娜學習成長的獎賞。最後,第五章總結艾略特透過亞當與黛娜的婚姻,表達她對於悲劇的概念─受難能使人脫胎換骨,步上新的人生道路,獲得屬於自己的快樂結局,作為成長的獎賞。
This thesis discusses why the closure of George Eliot’s Adam Bede is a satisfying one for the eponymous character and Dinah Morris, as well as how the happy ending is connected with Eliot’s conception of tragedy. Adam Bede concludes with Adam and Dinah’s marriage and their children, which seem to be a conventional happy ending of a nineteenth-century novel. However, not every critic regards the closure a happy ending for Adam and Dinah; nor does every critic consider it consistent with the plot of the novel. Focusing on Adam and Dinah, the thesis reads the novel as a, in Randall Craig’s words, “nineteenth-century di lieto fin” and argues that the two characters’ marriage represents a happiness which they have earned by learning to overcome their shortcomings from their sufferings. It consists of five chapters, starting with an overview in Chapter One of different critical assessments about the ending of the novel. Chapter Two illustrates the two factors contributing to an Eliotian version of “a nineteenth-century tragedy di lieto fin” in Adam Bede. The first factor is the ebb of tragic dramas and the rise of novels as the alternative medium for tragic themes and subjects in the nineteenth century. The second factor is Eliot’s own reading, especially that of Aristotle’s Poetics, which inspires her to create and apply her ideas of tragedy to her novels, including Adam Bede. Chapter Three moves on to analyze how Adam, as a tragic hero, learns through suffering not to be blinded by appearance, as well as how his marriage to Dinah serves as a reward for his growth. In a similar manner, Chapter Four turns to Dinah and elaborates how she, as a tragic heroine, realizes her lack of self-regard through internal conflict and becomes able to embrace her love for Adam. The chapter then explains how her marriage serves as a reward for this development. Finally, Chapter Five concludes with Eliot’s conception of tragedy, which the novelist conveys through Adam and Dinah’s union: that sufferings enable people to undergo regeneration and to gain a happy ending as a reward for growth.
Chapter One: Introduction.........1

Chapter Two: Adam Bede as an Eliotian “Nineteenth-Century Tragedy Di Lieto Fin”..........12

Chapter Three: Adam Bede’s Suffering and His Happy Ending ..............27

Chapter Four: Dinah Morris’ Suffering and Her Happy Ending...............44

Chapter Five: Conclusion.............60

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