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研究生:眭若泊
研究生(外文):RobertAugenstein
論文名稱:The NPO’s Preparedness Strategy of Kogami for Tsunami at Padang in Indonesia
論文名稱(外文):The NPO’s Preparedness Strategy of Kogami for Tsunami at Padang in Indonesia
指導教授:郭彥廉郭彥廉引用關係楊永年楊永年引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yen-Lien KuoYung-Nane Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:自然災害減災及管理國際碩士學位學程
學門:自然科學學門
學類:其他自然科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:78
外文關鍵詞:KogamiNPOPreparednessTsunamiStrategyEffectivenessEfficiencyPadangIndonesia
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Kogami, a non-profit organization in Padang in Indonesia, played an important role at earthquakes and tsunamis. The majority of the residents are still vulnerable and unable to evacuate in time based on the 2009’s earthquake experience. Kogami’s main concern is therefore to increase the public preparedness. The purpose of this study is to explore the efficiency and the effectiveness of the preparedness strategies pursued by Kogami. The focus lies on the three strategic steps, formation, planning and implementation. Qualitative methods including in-depth interview and second-hand data were adopted in this study. It was found that Kogami’s strategic process was efficient and effective for the circumstances and local hazard. They were successful in implementing exercise activities and in spreading awareness and preparedness throughout Padang. However, the focus on preparedness left other necessary measures neglected. The dependency on the government and NGOs, especially for finances, limited Kogami’s development. After ten years of preparedness campaigns and with the growing role of the government, several original strategies and targets are fulfilled now or are turning into routine. Kogami may have to adapt their structure and strategies for the changed environment.
ABSTRACT II
DECLARATION III
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS IV
TABLE OF CONTENTS V
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS IX
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 11
1.1 Research Background 12
1.2 Research Area 13
1.2.1 Padang 14
1.2.2 Earthquake in 2009 18
1.3 Research Purpose 20
1.4 Research Question 21
1.5 Research Outline 21
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 25
2.1 Effectiveness and Efficiency 25
2.2 Non-Profit Organizations in Indonesia 28
2.3 Strategy Formation 29
2.3.1 Efficiency of the Formation Process 29
2.3.2 Effectiveness of Potential Strategies 33
2.4 Strategy planning 35
2.4.1 Efficiency of the Planning Process 35
2.4.2 Effectiveness of Selected Strategies 37
2.5 Strategy Implementation 41
2.5.1 Efficiency of the Implementation Process 41
2.5.2 Effectiveness of the Implemented Strategies 43
2.6 Summary 46
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHOD 47
3.1 Nature of the Study 47
3.2 Interviewees 49
3.3 Research and Interview Questions 51
CHAPTER FOUR RESEARCH FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION 55
4.1 Strategy Formation 55
4.1.1 Efficiency 56
4.1.2 Effectiveness 60
4.2 Strategic Planning 61
4.2.1 Efficiency 61
4.2.2 Effectiveness 64
4.3 Strategy Implementation 67
4.3.1 Efficiency 67
4.3.2 Effectiveness 69
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS 71
5.1 Conclusion 71
5.2 Suggestions 73
REFERENCES 75
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