跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.48.196) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/23 20:45
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:宋懿
研究生(外文):SUNG,YI
論文名稱:八週核心穩定與旋轉訓練對大專棒球員打擊表現之效益
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Eight Weeks Core Stability Training Combine Rotation Training on College Baseball Player’s Hitting Performance
指導教授:林晉利林晉利引用關係龔榮堂龔榮堂引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIN,CHIN-LIKANG,JUNG-TANG
口試委員:林晉利龔榮堂黃奕銘
口試委員(外文):LIN,CHIn-LIKANG,JUNG-TANGHANG,YI-MING
口試日期:2019-06-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:運動保健學系
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:揮棒速度擊球初速
外文關鍵詞:swing speedexit velocity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:409
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:104
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
打擊是棒球比賽中影響勝負的關鍵因素之一。在打擊時,軀幹應先穩定,再利用下肢力量帶動腰部旋轉,連結到上肢完成揮擊動作。軀幹核心肌群扮演著將下肢力量順利傳達到上肢的重要腳色,因此核心肌群訓練的介入可能會影響打擊表現。目的:本研究將探討八週核心穩定與旋轉訓練介入對大專棒球員打擊表現之影響。方法:以24名一般組大專棒球運動員,測驗雙腳直腿下擺(核心穩定能力),動態腹、背肌能力與藥球擲遠(旋轉能力),作為核心能力指標;測量揮棒速度與擊球初速,為打擊表現指標。使用二因子混合變異數分析(two-way Anova),比較核心穩定與旋轉訓練介入前、後以及控制組與實驗組,在揮棒速度、擊球初速、核心肌群能力與旋轉能力的差異,統計顯著水準定為α<0.05。結果:控制組與實驗組在核心穩定,動態腹肌與動態背肌能力上都有顯著進步。控制組的旋轉能力沒有顯著進步而實驗組則有控制組與實驗組在揮棒速度與擊球初速前後測都有進步但在統計上沒有達到顯著差異。結論:在核心肌能力上,不管控制組或實驗組都是有進步的,而核心肌能力的提升也可以減少受傷的風險。在揮棒速度與擊球初速兩項打擊表現上,實驗組與控制組都是有進步的。雖然統計上沒有達顯著差異,但打擊表現都是有提升的。因此,未來如果教練或球員想提升揮棒速度與擊球初速這兩項打擊指標,可以將核心穩定訓練與旋轉訓練,如:藥球旋轉訓練加入在練習中,能對打擊表現有幫助。
Hitting is one of the key factors in the impact of a baseball game. When hiting, the trunk should be stabilized first, then use the lower limb strength to drive the waist to rotate, and connect to the upper limb to complete the swing action. The trunk core muscles play an important role in conacting the lower limbs to the upper limbs, so the intervention of the core muscle training may affect the hitting performance. Purpose: This study will explore the impact of eight-week core stability and rotational training interventions on the performance of college players. Methods: 24 general college baseball players, test the Double-Leg-Lowering-Test (core stability), dynamic abdominal, back muscle ability and medicine ball throwing (rotation ability), as a core ability index; measuring swing speed and ball exit velocity(BEV) as performance indicator. Two-way Anova was used to compare the difference between the core stability and rotation training before and after intervention, and between the control group and the experimental group, in terms of swing speed, ball exit velocity, core muscle capacity and rotation ability. The statistically significant level was determined to be α < 0.05. Results: The control group and the experimental group had significant progress in core stability, dynamic abdominal muscle and dynamic back muscle capacity. There was no significant improvement in the rotation ability of the control group, while the experimental group and the experimental group both improved the swing speed and the ball exit velocity, but did not reach a statistically significant difference. Conclusion: In the core muscle capacity, regardless of the control group or the experimental group is improved, and the improvement of core muscle capacity can also reduce the risk of injury. Both the experimental group and the control group have made progress in both the swing speed and the ball exit velocity. Although there is no significant difference in statistics, the performance of the hitting has improved. Therefore, in the future, if the coach or the player wants to improve the two hitting performance of the swing speed and the ball exit velocity of hitting, the core stability training and the rotation training, such as the medicine rotation training, can be added to the practice, which can help the performance.
第壹章 緒論..................................1
第一節 研究背景.............................1
第二節 研究動機............................3
第三節 研究目的............................3
第四節 研究假設............................4
第五節 研究範圍與限制......................4
第六節 名詞解釋與操作型定義.................5
第貳章 文獻探討................................6
第一節 棒球打擊分析........................6
第二節 核心肌群與特性......................9
第三節 旋轉能力與特性.....................13
第四節 核心訓練介入對運動表現之影響........15
第五節 文獻總結..........................19
第參章 研究方法..............................20
第一節 研究對象...........................20
第二節 實驗時間與地點.....................21
第三節 實驗器材與設備.....................22
第四節 測驗方法...........................26
第五節 實驗流程圖.........................29
第六節 訓練內容...........................30
第七節 統計分析...........................36
第肆章 結果..................................37
第一節 受試者基本資料.......................37
第二節 前測數值之同質性.....................38
第三節 核心肌能力與打擊表現之相關性..........38
第四節 核心能力前後測比較...................47
第五節 控制組與實驗組在打擊表現上之比較......52
第伍章 討論..................................54
第一節 討論................................54
第陸章 結論與建議.............................57
第一節 結論................................57
第二節 建議................................57
參考文獻.....................................59
附錄一.......................................66
附錄二.......................................73
附錄三.......................................74

于紅妍、李敬勇、張春合、周宇(2008)。運動員體能訓練的新思路-核心穩定性訓
練。天津體育學院學報,23(2),128-130。
王保成 (2001)。籃球運動體能訓練的基本理論與內容。首都體育學院學報,3(13),
38-46。
王衛星、李海肖 (2007)。競技運動員的核心力量訓練研究。北京體育大學學報,
30(8),1119-1131。
王顯智、黃美雪、鄭婷文(2013)。核心肌群之介紹。中華體育季刊,27( 1 ),61-66。
李明憲、郭紘嘉、呂子平、劉峻狼 (2003)。棒球不同打擊姿勢揮棒速度之比較分
析研究。北台學報,28期,351-360。
李漢棋(2005)。大學生軀幹肌群功能檢測與基本運動能力之關係(未出版碩士論
文)。國立臺北師範學院,臺北市。
李軾揚、江界山(2002)。試論如何提升中華成棒隊打擊表現。載於大專體總編:
中華民國大專院校 九十一年度體育學術研討會專刊(下冊)(309319 頁)。
臺北市:大專體總。
松井秀治 (1981):野球の科學。講談社,105-176 。
邱文信、陳羿揚、李建勳(2016)。核心肌群訓練之新思維。大專體育,(139),40-46。
林季嬋、吳慧君(2009)。核心肌力訓練對運動表現之探討。文化體育學刊,(8),
23-30。
張家玲、張瀞文、吳慧君(2008)。抗力球肌力訓練與器械式阻力訓練對大學生核
心肌肉適能之比較研究。運動生理暨體能學報,7,41-50。
張寶森(1980):棒球運動力學應用之分析。台北:中外出版社。
陳河吉、王宏正、楊文添、張家豪(2011)。棒球揮擊動作對打擊表現之影響─以
國中選手為例。運動教練科學,(21),57-66。
陳彥夆、顏克典(2010)。爆發力對足球選手專項體能影響之探討。屏東教大體
育,(13),188-194。
陳東韋、林俊宏(2009)。網球運動專項移動步法能力與訓練方法。大專體育,(102),
82-92。
陳東韋 、温蕙甄 、林晉利 (2014)。核心肌群訓練對青少年網球選手運動表現初
探與實作。大專體育,(129),25-33。
郭哲宇、林威秀 (2010)。人體核心穩定能力的評估。大專體育,110,75-84。
郭展能、黃長福、郭明松(2004)。優秀女壘選手打擊動作之生物力學分析。大專
體育學刊,6 ( 2 ),151-160。
黃奕銘、林晉利(2003)。腹內壓對脊椎穩定的影響與應用。大專體育,(65),176-183。
曾慶裕、林添鴻(2002)。影響棒球打擊瞬間的因素分析。大專體育,(59),41-44。
葉志仙、李明憲、朱峯亮(2003)。棒球聖經。臺北市:商周出版。
葉益銘、侯建文 (2013)。影響棒球打擊成績之關鍵因素。大專體育,(127),38-46。
葉益銘、侯建文 (2010)。抗力球訓練對高中棒球選手專項運動表現的影響。大專
體育學刊,12(2),51-58。
葉益銘、黃士魁、林正仰(2009)。六週抗力球訓練對棒球選手核心肌群與專項運
動能力之影響。運動教練科學,(16),15-28。
楊清瓏(1997)。棒球「攻擊」。未出版之碩士論文,桃園縣,國立體育大學運動
教練研究所。
廖麗君、吳沐蘭、郭藍遠 (2012)。以兩個下肢負重測試測量健康女性腹部肌群之
穩定能力。物理治療,37(4),297–308。
劉志華(2011)。中華職棒各球隊打擊順序之攻擊指數比較。大專體育學術專刊,
(100),196-201。
劉怡廷、張家豪、林惠婷 (2014)。不同強度核心肌群訓練對運動表現的影響。中
華體育季刊,中華民國體育學會,28 (2),117-123。
謝安、黃長福(2015)。核心穩定性與運動表現相關研究探討。運動教練科學,(37),
89-103。
蘇金鵬、江杰穎、林晉利 (2008)。核心穩定肌群與功能性訓練對不同運動的重要
性。北體學報,(16 ),107~125頁。
羅端芬(2008)。游泳核心肌力訓練的研究。廣州體育學院游泳季刊,2,01-05。
龔榮堂(2006)。球棒重量與揮棒速度及握力相關之研究。體育學報,39 (1),
55-64 。
Adair, R. K. (2002) The Physics of Baseball, 3rd edn., HarperCollins, New York.
Aggarwal A, Zutshi K, Munjal J, et al. Comparing stabilization training with balance training in recreationally active individuals. Int J Ther Rehabil 2010. May; 2010 17( 5):244–53.
Bergmark, A. (1989). Stability of the lumbar spine. A study in mechanical engineering.
Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica. Supplementum, 230, 1-54.
Brittenam, G. (1996). Complete conditioning for basketball. Champaign, IL: Human
Kinetics.
Borghuis, J., Hof, A. L., & Lemmink, K. A. (2008). The importance of sensory-motor
control in providing core stability. Sports Medicine, 38(11), 893-916.
Boyle, M. (2004). Functional training for sports. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Carter, J. M., Beam, W. C., McMahan, S. G., Barr, M. L., & Brown, L. E. (2006). The
effects of stability ball training on spinal stability in sedentary individuals. Journal
of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(2), 429-435.
Casey,A. R., Kevin, R. F., Gregory, D. M., & Timothy, E. H.(2012). The Effects of
Isolated and Integrated ‘Core Stability’ Training on Athletic Performance
Measures:A Systematic Review. Sports Med,42(8) , 697–706.
doi:10.2165/11633450-000000000-00000.
Christopher, A. B., Timothy, C. M., Justin, J. B.(2016). Bat swing mechanical analysis
with an inertial measurement unit: reliability and implications for athlete
monitoring. Journal of Trainology, 5, 43-45.
Cleland, J., Schulte, C., & Durall, C. (2002). The role of therapeutic exercise in treating
instability-related lumbar spine pain: A systematic review. Journal of Back and
Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 16, 105-115.
Cresswell, A. G., Grundström, H., & Thorstensson, A. (1992). Observations on
intraabdominal pressure and patterns of abdominal intra-muscular activity in man.
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 144(4), 409-418.
Fleisig, G. S., Andrews, J. R., Dillman, C. J., & Escamilla, R. F. (1995). Kinetics of
baseball pitching with implications about injury mechanisms. The American
Journal of Sports Medicine, 23(2), 233239.
Hibbs, A. E., Thompson, K. G., French, D., Wrigley, A., & Spears, I. (2008).
Optimizing performance by improving core stability and core strength. Sports
Medicine, 38(12), 995-1008.
Hodges, P. W., & Richardson, C. A. (1997a). Contraction of the abdominal muscles
associated with movement of the lower limb. Physical Therapy, 77(2), 132-142.
Hodges, P. W., & Richardson, C. A. (1997b). Feedforward contraction of transversus
abdominis is not influenced by the direction of arm movement. Experimental Brain
Research, 114(2), 362-370.
Hodges, P. W., & Richardson, C. A. (1997c). Relationship between limb movement
speed and associated contraction of the trunk muscles. Ergonomics, 40(11),
1220-1230.Ian, H. (2004). NSCA’S Performance. Training Journal, 11, 5-10.
Leetun, D. T., Ireland, M. L., Willson, J. D., Ballantyne, B. T., & Davis, I. M. (2004).
Core stability measures as risk factors for lower extremity injury in athletes.
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36, 926-934.
Liemobn, W. & Pariser, G. (2002). Core strengthening: Implications for Fitness and
Low Back Pain. Acsm's Health and Fitness Journal, 6(5), 10-16.
Liemohn, W. P., Baumgartner, T. A., & Gagnon, L. H. (2005). Measuring core stability.
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19, 583-586.
Lund, R. J. (1997). The effects of a torso strengthening and rotational power program vs
strength training on angular hip, angular shoulder and linear bat head velocity in
male college baseball players. Cheney, WA: Eastern Washington University
Memmo, P., Kim, K., Solomon, J., Savarese, R., & Nadler, S. F. (2002). Core
Strengthening: Influence on performance of timed shuttle run. Archives of Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation, 83, 1661.
Myer GD, Ford KR, Brent JL, et al. The effects of plyometric vs. dynamic stabilization and balance training on power, balance, and landing force in female athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2006 May; 20( 2):345–53.
Parkhouse, K. L., & Ball, N. (2011). Influence of dynamic versus static core exercises
on performance in field based fitness tests. Journal of Bodywork and Movement
Therapies, 15, 517-524.
Richardson, C., Hodges, P. W., & Hides, J. (2004). Therapeutic exercise for lumbopelvic
stabilization: A motor control approach for the treatment and prevention of low
back pain. Edinburgh, UK: Churchill Livingstone.
Sato K, Mokha M. Does core strength training influence running kinetics, lower-extremity stability, and 5000-M performance in runners. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Jan; 23( 1):133–40.
Shinkle, J., Nesser, T. W., Demchak, T. J., & Mcmannus, D. M. (2012). Effect of core
strength on the measure of power in extremities. Journal of Strength and
Conditioning Research, 26(2), 373-380.
Stodden, D. F., Campbell, B. M., & Moyer, T. M. (2008). Comparison of trunk
kinematics in trunk training exercises and throwing. Journal of Strength and
Conditioning Research, 22(1), 112-8.
Stray-Pedersen, J. I., Magnussen, R., Kuffel, E., & Seiler, S. (2006). Sling exercise
training improves balance, kicking velocity and torso stabilization strength in elite
soccer players. Medicine and Science in Sport & Exercise, 38(5), S243.
Szymanski, D. J., Szymanski, J. M., Bradford, T. J., Schade, R.L., & Pascoe, D. D.
(2007). Effect of twelve weeks of medicine ball training on high school baseball
players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(3), 894-901.
Thompson, C. J., Cobb, K. M., & Blackwell, J. (2007). Functional training improves
club head speed and functional fitness in older golfers. Journal of Strength and
Conditioning Research, 21(1), 131137.
Tse, M. A., McManus, A. M., & Richard, S. W. (2005). Development and validation of a
core endurance intervention program: Implications for performance in college-age
rowers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(3), 547-552. doi:
10.1519/15424.1
Vezina, M. J., & Hubley-Kozey, C. L. (2000). Muscle activation in therapeutic exercises
to improve trunk stability. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
81(10), 1370-1379.
Wendell P. Liemohn , Ted A.Baumgartnerj ,and Laurah .Gagnon.(2005). Measuring
Core Stability. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,19(3),583-586.
Willson, J. D., Dougherty, C. P., Ireland, M. L., & Davis, I. M. (2005). Core stability
and its relationship to lower extremity function and injury. Journal of the American
Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 13(5), 316-325.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top