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研究生:張家弘
研究生(外文):Chang, Chia-Hung
論文名稱:在LoRaWAN上支援TCP協定
論文名稱(外文):Supporting TCP over LoRaWAN
指導教授:王協源
指導教授(外文):Wang, Shie-Yuan
口試委員:唐震寰陳俊良王協源
口試委員(外文):Tarng, Jenn-HwanChen, Jiann-LiangWang, Shie-Yuan
口試日期:2018-08-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:資訊科學與工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:LoRaWANTCP物聯網
外文關鍵詞:LoRaWANTCPIOT
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Chinese Abstract i
English Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iii
Contents iv
List of Tables vii
List of Figures viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Background 5
2.1 LoRaWAN Architecture 6
2.2 LoRaWAN Classes 8
2.3 GL6509 LoRa Module 9
2.4 Tunnel Network Interface 10
Chapter 3 Related Work 11
Chapter 4 System Goals 18
Chapter 5 Architecture 21
Chapter 6 Design and Implementation 24
6.1 Choosing Class A, Class B, or Class C 25
6.2 Packet Segmentation 26
6.3 Header Compression 28
6.3.1 Concept 28
6.3.2 Header Format 29
6.3.3 Synchronization 30
6.3.4 Compression 31
6.3.5 Decompression 34
6.3.6 Resynchronization 36
6.4 Network-Layer Retransmission 38
6.5 Dual Modules vs. Single Module 40
6.6 Modifying LoRa Duty Cycle 40
6.7 Modifying TCP RTO 41
Chapter 7 Experimental Setup 44
7.1 Controlled Experiment 45
7.2 Experiment on NCTU Campus 47
7.3 Experiment in Taichung City 51
Chapter 8 Performance Evaluations 53
8.1 Controlled Experiment 55
8.1.1 Login 55
8.1.2 Tail 57
8.1.3 Scp 58
8.1.4 Command Transfer Time 60
8.2 Experiment on NCTU Campus 62
8.2.1 Login 63
8.2.2 Tail 65
8.2.3 Scp 66
8.2.4 Command Transfer Time 67
8.3 Experiment in Taichung City 68
8.3.1 Login 68
8.3.2 Tail 70
8.3.3 Scp 71
8.3.4 Command Transfer Time 72
Chapter 9 Future Work 74
Chapter 10 Conclusion 76
Bibliographies 77
[1] “A technical overview of LoRa and LoRaWAN,” LoRa Alliance Technical Marketing Workgroup, 2015.
[2] Semtech, available: https://www.semtech.com/
[3] LoRaWAN architecture, avaiable: http://www.3glteinfo.com/lora/lora-architecture/
[4] GL6509 LoRa module, avaiable: https://www.gemteks.com/products/lora-iot/module
[5] S.Y. Wang, H.T. Kung, “A simple methodology for constructing extensible and highfidelity TCP/IP network simulators,” IEEE INFOCOM’99, New York, USA, March 21-25, 1999
[6] Wael Ayoub, Mohamad Mroue, Fabienne Nouvel, Abed Ellatif Samhat, Jeanchristophe Prévotet, “Towards IP over LPWANs technologies: LoRaWAN, DASH7, NB-IoT,” 2018 Sixth International Conference on Digital Information, Networking, and Wireless Communications (DINWC), 25-27 April 2018, Beirut, Lebanon
[7] Z. Shelby, “Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP),” IETF Internet draft, Oct.2011.
[8] A. Minaburo, L. Toutain, and C. Gomez, “LPWAN Static Context Header Compression (SCHC) and fragmentation for IPv6 and UDP,” Internet Engineering Task Force, Dec. 2017, avaiable: https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draftietf-lpwanipv6-static-context-hc-09/
[9] IEEE Computer Society, “IEEE Std. 802.15.4-2003,” October 2003.
[10] N. Kushalnagar, G. Montenegro, C. Schumacher, “IPv6 Over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPANs): Overview, Assumptions, Problem Statement, and Goals,” IETF RFC 4919, August 2007.
[11] Patrick Weber, Daniel Jackle, David Rahusen, Axel Sikora, “IPv6 over LoRaWAN,” 2016 3rd International Symposium on Wireless Systems within the Conferences on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems (IDAACS-SWS), pp.75-79, 2016.
[12] S. Thielemans, M. Bezunartea, K. Steenhaut, “Establishing transparent IPv6 communication on LoRa based Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWANS),” 16th Annual Wireless Telecommunications Symposium, apr 2017.
[13] C. S. Tye, G. Fairhurst, “A Review of IP Packet Compression Techniques,” Scotland:Department of Enginnering, Aberdeen University, 2003.
[14] V. Jacobson, “Compressing TCP/IP Headers for Low-Speed Serial Links,” RFC 1144, 1990.
[15] MQTT - Message Queuing Telemetry Transport, available: http://mqtt.org
[16] J. F. Kurose and K. W. Ross, “Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach,” Addison Wesley, 6th edition.
[17] GIOT AT Command for LoRa Module, available: https://github.com/giot-tw/Document/blob/master/GIOT_AT_Command_for_LoRa_Module_V1.2.4_GIoT_Mode.pdf
[18] Raspberry Pi 3 Model B, available: https://www.raspberrypi.org/ products/raspberry-pi-3-model-b/
[19] LoRa Indoor Pico Gateway, available: https://www.gemteks.com/en/products/loraiot/gateway
[20] LoRa Outdoor Micro Gateway, available: https://www.gemteks.com/en/products/lora-iot/gateway
[21] Telnet, available: https://linux.die.net/man/1/telnet
[22] Tail, available: https://linux.die.net/man/1/tail
[23] Scp, available: https://linux.die.net/man/1/scp
[24] Reboot, available: https://linux.die.net/man/8/reboot
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