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研究生:蘇揚鴻
研究生(外文):Su, Yang-Hong
論文名稱:應用於鰭式電晶體結構的標準元件佈局圖後繞線最佳化
論文名稱(外文):On Optimizing Post-Routing for FinFET Structure Standard Cell Layouts
指導教授:李毅郎
指導教授(外文):Li, Yih-Lang
口試委員:李毅郎洪浩喬趙家佐
口試委員(外文):Li, Yih-LangHong, Hao-ChiaoChao, Chia-Tso
口試日期:2018-11-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:資訊科學與工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:標準元件後繞線最佳化電子設計自動化
外文關鍵詞:Standard CellPost-Routing OptimizationEDA
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標準元件為數位IC中所廣泛使用的基本元件,因此IC的效能大部分取決於標準元件的效能,而隨著製程演進,電子元件持續微縮,造成設計規範亦趨複雜,在複雜的設計規範限制之下,標準元件佈局圖自動化設計工具中的繞線演算法難以在繞線的同時考量到複雜的設計規範,因此如何在繞線結束後的後繞線階段有效的修正違反設計規範的標準元件成為一大挑戰。本篇論文所考慮的複雜設計規範主要特點為規範了多個物件之間的關係,因此設計規範會隨著目標物件與周圍物件的關係改變而變化,另外也同時考慮了在先進製程中常使用的雙重曝光光刻(Double Patterning Lithography)技術相關的設計規範。本篇論文將先針對基於鰭式電晶體(FinFET)架構的先進製程中常會出現的複雜設計規範以及雙重曝光光刻技術相關的設計規範加以介紹,而後對於已完成繞線但違反設計規範驗證(Design rule check, DRC)的標準元件提出一套基於整數線性規劃的後繞線優化架構,並且藉由加入冗餘的via以提升佈局圖流通的電流量進而提升標準元件的效能。根據實驗結果,經過本篇提出的後繞線優化架構之後,348顆無法通過設計規範驗證的標準元件中100%可以通過設計規範驗證。
Standard cells are basic components in digital IC designs, and they play an important role to determine the performance of a digital IC. With the continuous progresses of technology nodes, the feature size continues to shrink. Due to the design for manufacturing (DFM) considerations, the design rules become more complicated. This makes it much harder for cell routing algorithm to consider complex design rules during routing, which drastically increases the difficulty of developing automated cell layout synthesis tools. Therefore, how to effectively fix design rules in post-routing optimization stage becomes a great challenge. The complex design rules considered in this paper mainly specify the relationship among multiple objects. Along with the variety of design specification, the relationship among the target object and the surrounding objects changes. In addition, design rules related to double patterning lithography used in the advanced process are also considered simultaneously. We first introduce the complex design rules and the lithography rules, which can often be found in advanced processes of the FinFET architecture. A post-routing optimization framework based on linear integer programming are then proposed. The framework is applied to optimize the cell layouts routed without considering several common complex design rules. Furthermore, it also improves cell performance through adding redundant vias to increase the current flowing through a cell. The results examined with design rule check (DRC) show that proposed post-routing algorithm apply on 348 cells and 100% cells can obtain violation-free result.
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
Acknowledgement iii
Contents iv
List of Figures v
List of Tables vi
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
Chapter 2. Preliminary 3
2.1 Layout Structure 3
2.1.1 Metal 0 Layer 4
2.2 Design Rules 5
2.3 Double Patterning Lithography 9
2.4 Synthesis Flow 11
2.4 Design Challenges 13
2.6 Problem Formulation 14
Chapter 3. Methodology 15
3.1 Polygon-to-Rectangle Conversion 17
3.2 Re-Direction on Metal-0 Layer 18
3.3 MIS-Based Enclosure Type Selection 19
3.3.1 Enclosure Candidate Enumeration and Redundant Removal 20
3.3.2 Assign Cost to Each Candidate 21
3.3.3 MIS-Based Concurrent Via Enclosure-Type Selection 23
3.4 Two-Colorable DP Conflict Graph 24
3.4.1 Edge Removal 26
3.5 Wire Plowing 28
3.5.1 ILP Formulation 30
3.5.2 Horizontal Wire Plowing 35
3.5.3 Vertical Wire Plowing 36
3.6 Metal Area Expansion 40
3.7 Post-Refinement Stage 41
3.8 Redundant Diffusion Via0 Insertion 43
Chapter 4. Experiments 44
Chapter 5. Conclusion 51
References 52
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