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研究生:黃玉婷
研究生(外文):Huang, Yu-Ting
論文名稱:探討以UASB系統進行廚餘廢液之沼氣生產
論文名稱(外文):Study of the kitchen waste leachate for biogas production by UASB system
指導教授:曾慶平
指導教授(外文):Tseng, Ching-Ping
口試委員:陳俊勳張育甄
口試日期:2018-11-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:分子醫學與生物工程研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:上流式厭氧污泥床廚餘廢液菌相分析
外文關鍵詞:up-flow anaerobic sludge blanketkitchen waste leachatemicrobial community
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摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
一、前言 1
1-1研究背景 1
1-2研究目標 2
二、緒論 3
2-1 台灣地區廚餘處理現況 3
2-2 厭氧消化技術的由來及特點 3
2-3 厭氧消化機制 4
2-3-1 水解 5
2-3-2 酸化 5
2-3-3 乙酸化 6
2-3-4 甲烷化 6
2-4 厭氧消化的影響因子 7
2-4-1 溫度 7
2-4-2 酸鹼值 ( pH ) 7
2-4-3 碳氮比 (C / N) 8
2-4-4 進料/菌種比 (Substrate to Inoculum ratio, S/I ratio ) 8
2-4-5 氨氮濃度 9
2-4-6 鹽度 9
2-4-7 脂質含量 10
2-4-8 停留時間 ( Retention Time,RT ) 10
2-4-9 有機負荷率 ( Organic loading rate,OLR) 10
2-5 國內廚餘液體厭氧消化相關研究及現況 11
2-6 國外廚餘液體厭氧消化相關研究及現況 12
三、材料與方法 13
3-1 實驗藥品 13
3-2 實驗設備 15
3-3 汙泥 (菌種)、廚餘液體 ( 進料 )來源 16
3-4 實驗原理及步驟 16
3-4-1 基本性質分析 16
3-4-2 批次實驗測試 19
3-4-3 上流式厭氧污泥床參數最佳化測試 22
3-4-4 微生物菌相分析 22
四、研究結果 25
4-1 廚餘液體及汙泥基本性質 25
4-1-1 固體含量分析 25
4-1-2 化學需氧量分析 25
4-1-3 氨氮含量分析 25
4-1-4 鹽度含量分析 25
4-1-5 脂質含量分析 26
4-1-6 碳、氮、氫元素含量分析 26
4-2 批次式搖瓶厭氧消化試驗 26
4-2-1 廚餘固體、液體 / 汙泥最佳混和比例 26
4-2-2 廚餘液體鹽度抑制 28
4-2-3 廚餘液體 / 汙泥最佳混和比例每日產氣量 29
4-3 上流式厭氧污泥床條件試驗 29
4-3-1 水力停留時間 29
4-3-2 有機負荷率 30
4-4 微生物菌相分析 31
4-4-1古生菌菌相分析 31
4-4-2 細菌菌相分析 32
五、討論 35
六、參考資料 37
表 46
圖 58
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