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研究生:高經富
研究生(外文):Ching-Fu Kao
論文名稱:琉球隱沒帶最南段隱沒沉積物物理性質之研究
論文名稱(外文):Physical Properties of Under-Thrusting Sediment in the Southernmost Ryukyu Subduction Zone Derived by Large Offset Seismic Data Analysis
指導教授:葉一慶葉一慶引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Ching-Yeh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:地球科學學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:141
中文關鍵詞:琉球隱沒帶隱沒沉積物物理性質長支距多頻道震測重合前深度移位
外文關鍵詞:Ryukyu Subduction ZoneUnder-thrusting sedimentPhysical propertiesLarge offset multichannal seismicPre-stack depth migration
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琉球隱沒帶位在台灣東部海域,由菲律賓海板塊隱沒到歐亞板塊之下所形成。過去的研究認為隱沒板塊粗糙體(Asperity)是影響隱沒帶地震規模大小的主要原因。而近幾年的研究表示增積岩體深部的隱沒沉積物(Under-Thrusting Sediment)物理性質也扮演了重要的角色。過去在琉球隱沒帶最南段已有許多地震與地體構造的相關研究,然而對隱沒沉積物物理性質卻還不甚清楚,為了探討琉球隱沒帶最南段的隱沒沉積物物理性質,本研究處理了5條台灣大地動力學計畫(TAIwan GEodynamics Research program, TAIGER)長支距多頻道反射震測線,搭配重合前深度移位(Pre-Stack Depth Migration, PSDM)技術得到地層速度模型,經過與正常膠結狀態地層速度模型修正後,得到代表沉積物膠結狀態(Consolidation State)的殘差速度模型。為了進一步探討影響沉積物膠結狀態的可能原因與其物理意義,本研究利用日本南海海槽(Nankai Trough)的大洋鑽探計畫(Ocean Drilling Program, ODP)鑽井資料進行地層孔隙率(Porosity)推估,並計算地層平均有效應力(Mean Effective Stress)分佈。
其結果顯示在加瓜海脊西側,靠近台灣的區域增積岩體深部大致上呈現不足膠結狀態(Under-Consolidation),並隨著遠離台灣逐漸轉變為過度膠結狀態(Over-Consolidation),在加瓜海脊東側則呈現不足膠結狀態為主。經過比對地層孔隙率分布與前人研究,可以推測不足膠結狀態的沉積物與孔隙流體有關。從平均有效應力分布中可以觀察到在加瓜海脊西側,隱沒沉積物在靠近台灣的區域有較大範圍的低有效應力區,並隨著遠離台灣逐步縮小,表示靠近台灣的區域增積岩體內的逆衝斷層較容易發生滑動,屬於低耦合狀態,相反的在遠離台灣的區域逆衝斷層較不易滑動,屬於強耦合狀態。
Ryukyu Subduction Zone is located in the eastern offshore of Taiwan, where the Philippine Sea Plate is subducting beneath the Eurasian Plate. The previous studies suggest that the existence of asperity on the downgoing plate may be accumulated the strain on the plate interface and also could be linked to occurrence of the catastrophic earthquake. However, recent studies (i.e. 2011 East Japan Trench earthquake) have shown that the physical properties of the Under-Thrusting Sediment may also play an important role. In the last decade, there have been studies on earthquake related or surface structures in the southernmost Ryukyu subduction zone. However, the physical properties of under-thrusting sediments in the study area are still not clear. In order to estimate the physical properties (such as velocity structures, porosity as well as stress field) of the under-thrusting sediments in the southernmost Ryukyu Subduction Zone, we have re-processed five large-offset multi-channel seismic sections from the TAIwan GEodynamics Research program (TAIGER). The P-wave velocity model was derived by pre-stack depth migration (PSDM) technique. The status of consolidation residual velocity model in the study area was furthered corrected by using normal consolidation velocity model. In addition, distributions of porosity and mean effective stress field were estimated by using the physical parameters derived by Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) data in the Nankai Trough.
The results show that an under consolidation, higher porosity and low effective stress field was founded near Taiwan. This high fluid regime becomes narrow gradually far from Taiwan. This indicates that the source of the fluid comes from Taiwan island. The thrust faults in the accretionary prism are easier to slip. East of 122°15 'E, the under-thrusting sediments become stronger coupling. East of the Guaga Ridge, the under-thrusting sediments are fluid rich as evidenced by occurrence of low frequency earthquakes constrained by previous studies.
中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝辭 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究區域構造背景介紹 1
1.2 地震與隱沒沉積物物理性質的關係 2
1.3 研究目的 5
第二章 研究方法與資料處理 20
2.1 海上多頻道震測震測作業方式與原理 20
2.2 震源與受波器幾何設定及施測參數 21
2.3 震測資料處理 21
2.3.1 重合後震測資料處理 22
2.3.2 重合前震測資料處理 27
2.4 正常膠結狀態速度模型 28
第三章 震測解釋與沉積物速度模型 43
3.1 測線MGL0906-26A 43
3.2 測線MGL0906-12B 45
3.3 測線MGL0906-30A 47
3.4 測線MGL0906-18N 48
3.5 測線MGL0906-19N 50
第四章 討論 82
4.1 地層孔隙率推估 82
4.1.1 大洋鑽探鑽井資料 82
4.1.2 孔隙率分佈 83
4.2 地層平均有效應力分布 83
4.2.1 平均有效應力計算方式 83
4.2.2 平均有效應力分布 84
4.3 琉球隱沒帶地震活動性 85
第五章 結論 107
參考文獻 108
附錄A 113
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