(3.238.250.105) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/18 20:39
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:張和忠
研究生(外文):Ho-Chung Chang
論文名稱:溫室氣體盤查與減量評估 —以某半導體封測廠為例
論文名稱(外文):Greenhouse Gases Inventory and Reduction Assessment – Take a Semiconductor Packaging and Testing Plant as an Example
指導教授:李崇德李崇德引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung-Te Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:環境工程研究所在職專班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:溫室氣體盤查半導體封測廠節能減碳減量評估
外文關鍵詞:Greenhouse Gases InventorySemiconductor packaging and testingEnergy saving and carbon emission reductionReduction assessment
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:150
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:42
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本文依據行政院環保署2016年6月公告的「溫室氣體盤查與登錄指引」,盤查一家半導體封裝測試廠(以下稱案例廠)溫室氣體排放量,調查並量化2018年溫室氣體排放量及能源耗用,以減緩全球暖化趨勢,案例廠並將此結果作為企業經營策略的重要指標之一。
研究結果顯示,2018年間溫室氣體總排放量為 245,588.22 公噸CO2e/年,與 2017 年相比多出 31,094.98 公噸CO2e/年,主因為擴廠造成電力使用上升,在各範疇溫室氣體排放佔比中,範疇一(直接排放量)佔整體排放量 0.94%,範疇二(電力使用間接排放量)放佔整體排放量 99.06 %。進一步分析各範疇排放源,範疇一分析中以移動燃燒排放為主要排放源,範疇二以電力使用為主要排放源,其中又以廠務設備的空調與空壓系統為主要的用電來源。與同儕公司所公布數據比較,發現案例廠產品碳排放強度及單位產品用電排碳量皆優於同儕公司,差異主因可能在於選用排放係數、無塵室等級需求、產品型式造成用電量不同。
最後,在節能減碳措施方面,案例廠規劃在2019年實施5項節能措施,估算可節能 3,424.62千度電,CO2排放量則減少1,897.24公噸 CO2e/年。
This study compiled greenhouse gases inventory of a semiconductor packaging and testing plant (henceforward, referred to as this plant) by following “the greenhouse gas inventory and registration guidelines” promulgated by the Environmental Protection Administration of the Executive Yuan in June 2016. The greenhouse gas emission sources and energy consumption in 2018 were investigated and quantified to mitigate the global warming trend. This plant is intended to take the inventory results as one of its important indicators of business management strategy.
The results showed that the greenhouse gas emissions in 2018 were 245,588.22 metric tons of CO2e/year. The amount increased about 31,094.98 metric tons of CO2e/year compared with 2017, which was due to the increase in power usage by expanding the plant capacity. Among the greenhouse-gas emission percentages of each scope in total, scope 1 (direct emissions) accounted for 0.94% of the total emissions and scope 2 (indirect emissions for power usage) accounted for 99.06% of the total emissions. Further analysis on each scope revealed that the transportation combustion source was the significant sources in scope 1 and power usage was the dominant source of scope 2. Among the various power usages, air conditioning and air pressure system were the two most significant ones in this plant. Comparing with the data released by the peer company, this plant had a superior carbon emission intensity of the product and the electricity consumption per unit of the product. The significant reasons for the deviation may lie in the differences of emission factor selections, the requirements of cleanroom classes, and the product types.
Finally, in the measures of energy-saving and carbon-reduction, this plant planned to implement five energy-saving projects to save a total of 3,424.62 MWh and reduce CO2 emissions of 1,897.24 metric tons of CO2e/year in 2019.
目錄
中文摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究緣起 1
1.2 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 半導體封測產業製程概述 4
2.2 全球企業排碳量 4
2.3 IPCC第五次評估報告 5
2.4 溫室氣體盤查議定書 6
2.5 ISO/CNS 14064系列標準 7
2.5.1 ISO14064-1 溫室氣體標準 8
2.5.2 ISO14064-2 溫室氣體標準 9
2.5.3 ISO14064-3 溫室氣體標準 9
2.6 溫室氣體減量實際案例 10
第三章 研究內容與方法 12
3.1 研究流程與步驟 12
3.2 營運/組織邊界設定 13
3.3 擬定基準年 15
3.4 排放源鑑別 16
3.5 排放源計算量化方法 23
3.6 盤查數據不確定性量化&品質管理 25
第四章 結果與討論 28
4.1 溫室氣體計算量化 28
4.2 蒐集活動數據 32
4.3 選用排放係數 34
4.4 建立排放量清冊 41
4.5 溫室氣體盤查結果 46
4.5.1 溫室氣體直接排放量(範疇一)分析 47
4.5.2 溫室氣體間接排放量(範疇二)分析 48
4.5.3 其他間接排放(範疇三)分析 49
4.5.4 不同年度溫室氣體總排放量比較 50
4.5.5 同儕排放量比較 53
4.5.6 數據不確定分析 55
4.5.7 盤查過程困難點 57
4.6 溫室氣體盤查結果分析比較 58
4.7 擬定溫室氣體減量對策 61
4.8 其它節能減碳方案 65
第五章 結論與建議 67
5.1 成果彙整及結論 67
5.2 後續研究建議 68
參考文獻 69
附錄一 熱值引用&燃料原始排放係數資訊彙整表 73
附錄二 全球溫暖化潛勢值彙整表 75
附錄三 節能效益估算方式 76
附錄四 口試問題與答覆 80
1.Brander M., & Ascui F. (2015) The Attributional-Consequential Distinction and Its Applicability to Corporate Carbon Accounting. In: Schaltegger S., Zvezdov D., Alvarez Etxeberria I., Csutora M., Günther E. (eds) Corporate Carbon and Climate Accounting. Springer, Cham.
2.Damert, M., Paul, A., & Baumgartner, R. J. (2017). Exploring the determinants and long-term performance outcomes of corporate carbon strategies. Journal of cleaner production, 160, 123-138.
3.Diamond, J. (2005). Collapse: How societies choose to fail or succeed. New York:Viking Penguin.
4.Doda, B., Gennaioli, C., Gouldson, A., Grover, D., & Sullivan, R. (2016). Are corporate carbon management practices reducing corporate carbon emission? Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 23, 257-270.
5.Heede, R. (2014). Tracing anthropogenic carbon dioxide and methane emissions to fossil fuel and cement producers, 1854–2010. Climatic Change, 122, 229-241.
6.International Energy Agency IEA. (2018). Key world energy statistics.
7.Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC. (2013). Fifth Assessment Report.
8.Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC Revised. (1996) IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventory ─Reporting Instructions.
9.Nordenstam, L., Ilic, D. D., &Ödlund, L. (2018). Corporate greenhouse gas inventories, guarantees of origin and combined heat and power production–Analysis of impacts on total carbon dioxide emissions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 186, 203-214.
10.Porter, M. E., & Kramer, M. R. (2006). The link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility. Harvard business review, 84, 78-92.
11.Rokhmawati, A., Sathye, M., & Sathye, S. (2015). The effect of GHG emission, environmental performance and social performance on financial performance of listed manufacturing firms in Indonesia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 211, 461-470.
12.Schulte-Uebbing, L., Hansen, G., Hernandez, A. M., & Winter, M. (2015). Chapter scientists in the IPCC AR5—experience and lessons learned. Current opinion in environmental sustainability, 14, 250-256.
13.Sundin, H., & Ranganathan, J. (2002). Managing business greenhouse gas emissions: the greenhouse gas protocol–a strategic and operational tool. Corporate environmental strategy, 9, 137-144.
14.Victor D.G., D. Zhou, E.H.M. Ahmed, P.K. Dadhich, J.G.J. Olivier, H-H. Rogner, K. Sheikho, & Yamaguchi, M. (2014). Introductory chapter. In Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.) Climate change 2014: Mitigation of climate change. Contribution of working group III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
15.World Business Council for Sustainable Development WBSCD. (2004) The Greenhouse Gas Protocol-A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard Revised Edition.
16.王冠翡. (2011) 以藻類去除半導體業廢氣中二氧化碳之可行性研究.中央大學環境工程研究所, 1-80.
17.王漢國. (2014) 對聯合國 IPCC《 第五次氣候評估報告》之解析與省思。戰略與評估,5(2),49-71.
18.行政院環境保護署. (2018) 溫室氣體排放係數管理表(6.0.3版本).
19.行政院環境保護署. (2016) 溫室氣體盤查與登錄指引.
20.李巧敏. (2012) 溫室氣體盤查與減量策略之研究-以某物流中心為例.明新科技大學工業工程與管理系,1-109
21.李珮蓓. (2010) 結合 IO-LCA 與碳足跡評估分析研究: 以半導體業為例.成功大學環境工程學系, 1-198.
22.余彩萍. (2013) 溫室氣體盤查與空調系統節能之評估-以某半導體測試廠為例. 交通大學永續環境科技學程,1-90.
23.矽品精密工業股份有限公司. (2017) 企業社會責任報告書,1-82.
24.吳家榮. (2012) 軟性印刷電路板產業溫室氣體排放調查與減量策略評估-以某銅箔基板廠為例.中央大學環境工程研究所, 1-72.
25.施怡君. (2014) 晶圓測試廠溫室氣體盤查及查證之探討.明新科技大學工業工程與管理系,1-92.
26.美國環保署,Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) Program
https://www.epa.gov/snap/reducing-hydrofluorocarbon-hfc-use-and-emissions-federal-sector-through-snap
27.美國國家海洋暨大氣總署,Trends in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/global.html
28.美國國家颶風中心,2018 Tropical Cyclone Advisory Archive. https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2018/
29.陳昶中. (2016) 驅動IC測試之溫室氣體排放追蹤及減量改善.元智大學工業工程與管理研究所,1-46.
30.曹志明. (2009) 高科技廠房空調系統節能策略之研究. 臺北科技大學機電科技研究所, 1-117.
31.詹景程. (2014) 產品環境足跡盤查與組織溫室氣體減量管理-以半導體廠為例.臺北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所,1-101.
32.經濟部標準檢驗局.(2006).CNS 14064-1 組織層級溫室氣體排放與移除之量化及報告附指引之規範.
33.經濟部標準檢驗局.(2006).CNS 14064-2 計畫層級溫室氣體排放減量或移除增量之量化、監督及報告附指引之規範.
34.經濟部標準檢驗局.(2006).CNS 14064-3 溫室氣體主張之確證與查證附指引之規範.
35.經濟部標準檢驗局.(2016).電度表檢定檢查技術規範第5版.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔