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研究生:高書怡
研究生(外文):SHUYI,KAO
論文名稱:乳癌病人在化學治療前後生心理復原力與症狀困擾之相關探討
論文名稱(外文):Associations among the Physical and Psychological Resilience and the Symptom Distress on Chemotherapy in Patients with Breast Cancer: An Explore Study
指導教授:陳玉如陳玉如引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Ju,Chen
口試委員:周雨青陳金彌陳玉如
口試委員(外文):Yu-Ching,ChouChin-Mi,ChenYu-Ju,Chen
口試日期:2019-05-17
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防醫學院
系所名稱:護理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:156
中文關鍵詞:乳癌化學藥物治療生理復原力心理復原力症狀困擾
外文關鍵詞:Breast CancerChemotherapyPhysical ResiliencePsychological ResilienceSymptom Distress
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:259
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:35
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
研究背景:乳癌是台灣女性常見的惡性腫瘤,統計顯示過去 20 年中乳癌之年發生率以超過四倍之速率成長,每年有逾萬位婦女罹患乳癌。婦女被診斷為乳癌後,即面對一連串的治療,其中化學治療雖然能夠提高存活率及降低復發率,卻會帶來相當程度的副作用。乳癌女性在治療過程經歷確立診斷後改變了生活,他們必須面對診斷後的情感衝擊及生命威脅, 從確立診斷到接受治療過程不論是體力、情緒都被疾病耗弱。症狀的嚴重程度也會干擾乳癌女性的日常生活功能,並影響其繼續接受治療的意 願。所以,探討化學藥物治療前後對於照護乳癌患者的生理及心理自我調適能力及其相關性,將有助於協助患者正向面對疾病所帶來的衝擊。
目的:本研究主要探討乳癌病人之生心理復原力與症狀困擾在化學藥物治療前後的情形以及生心理復原力與症狀困擾之間的相關性。
方法:本研究為前瞻性研究設計,以方便取樣方式於北部某醫學中心一般外科門診進行收案,乳癌病人決定化學治療時間,在第一次化學藥物治療前及最後一次化學藥物治療後進行心理復原力及症狀困擾問卷資料收集,測量5分鐘心律變異。收案期間從107年3月1日至108年3月20日,共32位受試者同意參與,其中2位因藥物副作用未能完成心律變異測量,最後共30位受試者。研究結果使用SPSS 24.0套裝軟體進行分析,以皮爾森相關及配對T檢定作結果的推論。
結果: 本研究中乳癌病人在化學藥物治療前後症狀困擾情形,困擾溫度計指數分別為治療前 4.90±2.98,治療後 4.33±2.44,問題清單常見問題為:身體問題、情緒問題、實際問題,化學藥物治療前後症狀困擾無顯著差異;在化學藥物治療前後乳癌病人之心理復原力情形,平均分數分別為治療前 163.77±26.11,治療後 161.53±24.84;於心理復原力量表向度分析,「家庭團結」向度在化學藥物治療前後有顯著差異(p < 0.05)。在化學藥物治療前後乳癌病人之生理復原力(心律變異)情形,在治療前後無顯著差異(p > 0.05)。心理復原力與症狀困擾間於化學藥物治療前(r = -0.470, p < 0.05)及化學藥物治療後(r = -0.394, p < 0.05)呈負相關;而症狀困擾與生理復原力,及心理復原力與生理復原力相互之間,在本研究化學藥物治療前後皆無顯著相關(p > 0.05)。
結論:本研究發現心理復原力愈高則症狀困擾愈低,而心律變異在化學藥物治療前後差異與心理復原力及症狀困擾並無顯著關係。建議未來在乳癌病人進行化學藥物治療時,應先評估心理復原力及症狀困擾,了解其心理恢復能力,並提供護理人員照護介入措施參考方向,協助增強自我調適能力並排除治療過程阻礙。

Abstract
Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Taiwanese females. The past two decades have witnessed a rapid fourfold increase in the national incidence rate of breast cancer in Taiwan. More than 10,000 females are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. Once diagnosed with breast cancer, a long process of treatment lies ahead. Chemotherapy, while effective in improving survival and reducing recurrence rate, brings significant side effects. During cancer treatment, there are different levels of hindrance in activities of daily living depending on disease severity, affecting the willingness to continue treatment.
Life changes after the diagnosis of breast cancer. Patients must face the emotional turmoil and the existential threats accompanying the diagnosis. Starting from the establishment of diagnosis throughout the entire treatment course, there is an ongoing challenge physically and mentally. Therefore, there is an unmet need to understand physical and psychological resilience during chemotherapy to sustain the fight against breast cancer.
Purpose: To investigate symptom distress and its correlation with physical (heart rate variability, HRV) and psychological resilience during chemotherapy Before and after among breast cancer patients in comparison study .
Methods: Convenience sampling was used to obtain 32 patients with breast cancer at a general surgery clinic at a medical center in northern Taiwan between 1 March 2018 to 20 March 2019. The patients decided on the timing of chemotherapy. Questionnaires concerning psychological resilience and symptom distress together with a measurement of heart rate variability (HRV) for 5 minutes were done before the first chemotherapy and after the last chemotherapy. Two patients were unable to complete HRV testing due to side effects of the therapy and thus the number of subjects was 30. Data were analyzed with Pearson Correlation Coefficient and paired-T test using SPSS 24.0.
Results: In this study, the averages of the symptom distress of breast cancer patients before and after chemotherapy treatment, thermometer index were 4.90±2.98 and 4.33±2.44, respectively. The common problems in the list of symptom distress were physical problems, emotional problems, and practical problems, and no significant differences in symptom distress before and after chemotherapy. The average of the psychological resilience of breast cancer patients before and after chemotherapy treatment, were 163.77±26.11 and 161.53±24.84. Among categories of the psychological resilience, the " family cohesion " was significantly different before and after chemotherapy (p < 0.05). The physiological resilience, represented by-HRV, was not significantly different before and after treatment (p > 0.05). In addition, there was a statistically significant negative correlation between symptom distress and psychological resilience at both before (r = -0.470, p < 0.05) and after (r = -0.394, p < 0.05) chemotherapy. However, the correlations among physiological resilience, psychological resilience and symptom distress, were not significant at before and after chemotherapy in this study (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: This study found that higher psychological resilience was associated with lower symptom distress. The change in HRV before and after chemotherapy was not significantly correlated with symptom distress nor psychological resilience. Based on these findings, we suggest that psychological resilience and symptom distress should be assessed prior to the commencement of chemotherapy for caring patients with breast cancer .
目錄
中文摘要 VI
英文摘要 IX
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第四節 研究假設 6
第貳章 文獻查證 7
第一節 乳癌的診斷與治療 7
一、乳癌的流行病學 7
二、乳癌的分期 7
三、乳癌的治療 9
二、心理復原力評估 20
三、乳癌病人的心理復原力 21
第四節 乳癌病人的生理復原力 23
一、生理復原力概念 23
二、生理復原力與心律變異 25
第參章 概念架構 29
第一節 研究架構 29
第二節 名詞界定 30
第肆章 研究方法及過程 32
第一節 研究設計 32
第二節 研究對象及研究場所 33
第三節 研究工具 34
第四節 研究倫理考量 37
第五節 資料收集過程 38
第六節 資料處理及分析 39
第伍章 研究結果 42
第一節 研究對象基本特性及症狀困擾、生心理復原力之分布狀態 42
第二節 化學藥物治療前後基本屬性、生心理復原力與症狀困擾之間的相關 59
第三節 生心理復原力之間的相關 67
第四節 化學藥物治療前後心理復原力與症狀困擾及之間的相關 77
第五節 化學藥物治療前後心律變異與症狀困擾之間的相關 92
第六節 化學藥物治療過程症狀困擾之間的相關 101
第陸章 研究結果討論 106
第一節 乳癌病人在化學藥物治療過程生理復原力、心理復原力及症狀困擾狀況 106
第二節 化學藥物治療過程心理復原力與生理復原力之間關係 112
第三節 乳癌病人在化學藥物治療前後心理復原力及症狀困擾之間的關係 113
第四節 化學藥物治療過程生理復原力與症狀困擾之間關係 118
第柒章 研究結論與建議 121
第一節 結論 121
第二節 建議 122
第三節 研究限制 124
參考資料 126
英文部分 126
中文部分 140

表目錄
表2-1、乳癌化學藥物治療處方 12
表3-1、描述性統計 40
表3-2、推論性統計 41
表5-1、基本屬性分析 44
表5-2、疾病資料分析 46
表5-3、心理復原力之分佈情形 48
表5-4、心律變異之分佈情形 52
表5-5、心律變異測試前後之情形 53
表5-6、困擾溫度計之分佈情形 56
表5-7、困擾溫度計問題清單之分佈情形 57
表5-8、年齡、教育程度、婚姻狀況、手術與化學治療過程前後之心律變異及症狀困擾相關 65
表5-9、年齡、教育程度、婚姻狀況、手術於化學藥物治療前後心理復原力之相關 66
表5-10、化學藥物治療前後心理復原力與化學藥物治療前心律變異相關分析 74
表5-11、化學藥物治療後心律變異與心理復原力相關分析 75
表5-12、化學藥物治療前後心理復原力與心律變異之改變幅度相關分析 76
表5-13、化學藥物治療前心理復原力與化學藥物治療前後症狀困擾相關分析 89
表5-14、化學藥物治療後心理復原力與化學藥物治療前後症狀困擾相關分析 90
表5-15、化學藥物治療過程前後心理復原力與症狀困擾之改變幅度相關分析 91
表5-16、化學藥物治療前心律變異與化學藥物治療前後症狀困擾相關分析 98
表5-17、化學藥物治療後心律變異與症狀困擾相關分析 99
表5-18、化學藥物治療前後心律變異與症狀困擾之改變幅度相關分析 100
表5-19、困擾溫度計之相關情形 105

圖目錄
圖1、研究架構 29
圖2、資料收集過程 38


附錄
附錄1 基本屬性表
附錄2 心理韌性量表
附錄3 困擾溫度計
附錄4 心理韌性量表授權同意書
附錄5 人體試驗同意函

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