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研究生:歐斯曼
研究生(外文):NORARIPIN BIN OTHMAN
論文名稱(外文):THE SOUTH CHINA SEA DISPUTE: A STRATEGIC RIVALRY BETWEEN BEIJING AND WASHINGTON IN THE 21ST CENTURY
指導教授(外文):WEN-LUNG, LAURENCE LIN
口試委員(外文):CHAO-MIN, PANCHING-CHON, CHEN
口試日期:2019-04-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學
系所名稱:戰略研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:115
外文關鍵詞:South China Sea, long-standing dispute, maritime security challenges, strategic rivalry
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The rise of China in the 21st century has changed the United States‟ hedging strategy towards China, especially when describing its containment behavior in the South China Sea area. This scenario has caused direct competition between both superpower nations, which escalated maritime security challenges through continuous military presence. In the meantime, the political temperature in the South China Sea is showing no signs of lowering of late, owing to several developments that have stoked tension in this strategic waterway. It has resulted in a long-standing dispute where the national interests, policy, and strategy have caused an increase in the key players‟ activities such as historical claims, military presence, expansion and development of islands that have affected the status quo.

The South China Sea is one of the world‟s most complex disputes with the number of actors and different kinds of claims involved. From the United States perspective, the maritime security challenges in the South China Sea area pose a greater danger to its hegemony, while China sees the United States military presence in that area pose a threat to China‟s territorial sovereignty. Taking these into consideration, this paper will analyze the possibility of a strategic rivalry between Beijing and Washington based on the development of the South China Sea dispute in the 21st century.
ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS iii
LIST OF FIGURE v
TABLE OF CONTENT vii
LIST OF ABBREVIATION ix
CHAPTER 1 1
INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Motivation 1
1.2 Literature Review 3
1.3 Research Objective 7
1.4 Methodology and Structure of Chapters 8
1.5 Scope and Limitation 10
CHAPTER 2 13
CONFRONTATIONS IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA: A POSSIBILITY OF ‘ONE VOICE’? 13
2.1 Introduction 13
2.2 The Effect of History 14
2.3 The South China Sea and International Law 20
2.4 Friendship Values in ASEAN 23
2.5 A Possibility of Strategic Economic Cooperation 30
2.6 Malaysia – Towards Creating Peace, Stability, and Prosperity in the South China Sea 32


CHAPTER 3 39
CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL INTERESTS, POLICY AND SECURITY STRATEGY TOWARD SOUTH CHINA SEA 39
3.1 Introduction 39
3.2 China National Interests, Policy, and Security Strategy 40
3.3 The Unites States National Interests, Policy and Security Strategy 46
CHAPTER 4 59
THE SINO-UNITED STATES RELATIONS: FROM MILITARY ENGAGEMENT TO MILITARY COMPETITION 59
4.1 Introduction 59
4.2 China’s Military Strategy in the South China Sea 60
4.3 The United States’ Military Strategy in the South China Sea 64
4.4 Sino-U.S. Military Engagement in the South China Sea 69
4.5 China and the United States Military Competition in the South China Sea 72
CHAPTER 5 77
CONCLUSION 77
5.1 Research Findings 77
5.2 Recommendation 88
BIBLIOGRAPHY 91


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