跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.222.64.76) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/16 05:50
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:王培霖
研究生(外文):WANG,PEI-LIN
論文名稱:資收站建構對民眾參與資源回收行為之研究-以高雄市為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Recycling Station on the People’s Recycling Behaviors-Take Kaohsiung City as an Example
指導教授:戴華山戴華山引用關係
指導教授(外文):TAI,HUA-SHAN
口試委員:林健榮王振華
口試委員(外文):LIN,JIAN-RONGWANG,JHEN-HUA
口試日期:2019-06-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:資源回收行為模式問卷調查資收站
外文關鍵詞:Resource RecoveryBehavioral PatternsQuestionnairesRecycling Station
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:399
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:70
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
高雄市政府環境保護局為提供民眾更完善及便利的資源回收管道,105年起至今,已在高雄市各行政區建構75處村里資收站,讓各區里的民眾可將自家產出的一般廢棄物,進行分類後將資源回收物送至村里資收站回收,兌換生活用品,讓民眾實質受益,達到「全民一起做回收、村里各站有回饋」的目標。本研究針對村里資收站設置地點之屬性,區分為「都市商業型態」、「工業發展型態」、「農業發展型態」、「沿海漁業型態」及「偏遠山區」等五大組別進行問卷調查;共發放了525份問卷,扣除17份無效問卷,計回收了508份有效問卷進行分析比較,除探討高雄市資收站建構政策之成效外,期能了解資收站建構對民眾資源回收行為之影響,作為後續政策推動之參考。研究發現,高雄市資收站建構政策,除了讓民眾習慣透過資收站回收兌換民生用品外,也會主動撿拾棄置於路邊的回收物。75處資收站之問卷調查結果顯示,投入資源回收之行為有60%為女性,年齡層為40~60歲以上的長者,教育程度在高中職以下佔56%,各資收站的回收物,以玻璃容器回收96萬5,540公斤最多,佔資收站總回收量的72.2%,其次分別為廢紙類12%、綜合類5.7%、小家電2.7%、資訊物品2.6%、鐵罐2.2%、寶特瓶2.2%、鋁罐為0.3%。民眾透過資收站兌換民生用品提高他們回收意願,並會主動撿拾路邊、空地及堆置於販賣場所旁的玻璃容器,降低玻璃容器因一般回收商不收而造成任意棄置的比例。但是建構資收站政策,目前是由行政院環保署編列預算採購民生用品提供民眾兌換,現階段廢玻璃容器市場回收單價約白色1.3元、褐色0.8元及綠色0.1元,若採三者單價平均值每公斤為0.7元;目前玻璃兌換標準平均為每公斤1元,仍高於市價0.3元,建議可逐步調整兌換標準以降低成本,並推動各處村里資收站利用回收物變賣金,採購民生用品自行營運,始可避免地方財政缺口無法及時採購民生用品等問題,進而影響民眾參與資源回收工作之意願。
In order to provide a more complete and convenient resource recovery pipeline for the public, the Kaohsiung City Environmental Protection Bureau has built 75 resource recycling stations in various administrative districts of Kaohsiung City since 105 years ago, so that people in various administrative districts can produce their own general waste. After sorting, the resource recycling materials will be sent to the resource recycling station, and the daily necessities will be exchanged for the benefit of the people. This will achieve the goal of “recycling together and recycling each resource recycling station”. In this study, the attributes of the location of the resource collection station are divided into five categories: “Urban Business Type”, “Industrial Development Type”, “Agricultural Development Type”, “Coastal Fishery Type” and “Remote Mountain Area”. Questionnaire survey; a total of 525 questionnaires were distributed, and 17 invalid questionnaires were deducted. 508 valid questionnaires were collected for analysis and comparison. In addition to exploring the effectiveness of the Kaohsiung Resource Recycling Center construction policy, the period can understand the construction of resource recycling stations. The impact of recycling behavior is used as a reference for follow-up policy promotion. The study found that the Kaohsiung City Resource Recycling Station construction policy, in addition to letting people get used to recycling and recycling of people's livelihood supplies through the resource recycling station, will also actively pick up the recycling materials placed on the roadside. According to the results of the questionnaire survey of 75 resource recycling stations, 60% of the behaviors invested in resource recycling are women, and the age group is 40-60 years old or older. The education level is 56% below the high school level. Recycling materials at various resource recycling stations. The recycling of glass containers was 960,540 kg, accounting for 72.2% of the total recycling capacity of the resource recycling stations, followed by waste paper 12%, comprehensive category 5.7%, small household appliances 2.7%, information items 2.6%, iron cans 2.2%. , 2.2% for PET bottles and 0.3% for aluminum cans. The people exchange their livelihood supplies through resource recycling stations to increase their willingness to recycle. They will take the initiative to pick up roadsides, open spaces and glass containers stacked next to the sales places to reduce the proportion of glass containers that are randomly disposed of due to the general recyclers. However, the policy of constructing a resource recycling station is currently provided by the Environmental Protection Agency of the Executive Yuan to provide a public exchange for the purchase of livelihood products. At this stage, the recycling price of the waste glass container market is about 1.3 yuan, 0.8 yuan for brown and 0.1 yuan for green. The value is 0.7 yuan per kilogram; the current glass exchange standard is 1 yuan per kilogram, which is still higher than the market price of 0.3 yuan. It is recommended to gradually adjust the exchange standard to reduce the cost, and promote the recycling of various materials to use the recycled materials to sell gold. When the supplies are operated by themselves, the local financial gap can not be avoided, and the people's livelihood supplies cannot be purchased in time, which will affect the people's willingness to participate in resource recycling.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 III
致謝 V
目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 XI
第一章 緒論 1
1-1研究緣起 1
1-2研究動機與目的 2
1-3研究範圍與內容 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 全國垃圾減量及資源回收現況 4
2.2 高雄市垃圾清運及資源回收現況 7
2.3 高雄市希望種子資收站列管現況 12
2.4 建構資收站六都兌換成本比較分析 23
2.5 高雄市垃圾組成採樣分析 25
2.6 107年75處資收站成效分析 36
第三章 實驗材料及方法 43
3.1 研究架構 43
3.2 問卷調查對象 44
3.3 問卷假設 45
3.4 問卷設計 46
3.5 統計分析及方法 47
3.6 預試問卷測試 51
3.7 正式問卷發放 54
第四章 資料分析與討論 55
4.1 人口統計變項分析 55
4.2 問卷量表信度及效度分析 58
4.3 資收站建構對民眾參與資源回收行為模式現況分析 59
4.3.1 回收行為模式影響整體向度分析 59
4.3.2 回收行為模式影響之不同基本條件向度分析 61
4.3.2.1 年齡層向度分析 61
4.3.2.2 教育程度向度分析 64
4.3.2.3 性別向度分析 66
4.3.2.4 職業類別之向度分析 68
4.3.2.5 婚姻向度分析 70
4.4 人口統計變項在整體回收行為模式影響之差異分析 71
4.4.1 性別變項上差異分析 71
4.4.2 婚姻變項上差異分析 73
4.4.3 年齡在變項上差異分析 74
4.4.4 教育程度在變項上差異分析 75
4.4.5 職業類別在變項上差異分析 77
4.5 民眾回收行為模式影響各向度之相關性 79
第五章 結論與建議 81
5.1 結論 81
5.2 建議 82
參考文獻、83


1.行政院環境保護署; Available from: https://www.epa.gov.tw/
2.行政院環境保護署.歷年全國、各縣市垃圾清理統計; Available from: https://hwms.epa.gov.tw/dispPageBox/publicity/PublicityCp.aspx?ddsPageID=EPATWG61&
3.行政院環境保護署.全國垃圾車清運路線查詢網; Available from:
https://hwms.epa.gov.tw/dispPageBox/route/routeCP.aspx?ddsPageID=ROUTE&
4.行政院環境保護署.環保統計查詢網; Available from: https://stat.epa.gov.tw/
5.高雄市政府民政局.人口統計查詢; Available from: http://cabu.kcg.gov.tw/Stat/StatRpts/StatRpt1.aspx
6.新北市環保局黃金資收站官網; Available from: http://recyclebank.epd.ntpc.gov.tw/gold_area/about.aspx
7.循環經濟 撿拾成金─村里資收站全國起跑活動; Available from: https://recycle.epa.gov.tw/front/show_focus.aspx?sno=144&type=1
8.高雄市政府環保局. 里民手牽手,回收有你我~希望種子資收站資源回收兌換活動時間地點公告; Available from: http://recycle.ksepb.gov.tw/01_news_page.asp?num=20170804115850
9.信度與效度分析 - 吳統雄; Available from: http://tx.liberal.ntu.edu.tw/~PurpleWoo/Methodology/Analy-Reliability_Validity.htm
10.高雄市政府環境保護局,107年度推動建構資源回收站工作計畫,2018.
11.高雄市政府環境保護局,106年高雄市垃圾組成採樣分析報告,2017.
12.郭姿佑,地方推動村里資收措施對一般廢棄物管制成效之研究-以直轄市A市為例.國立臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所,碩士論文,2018.
13.劉翠溶,《論廢棄物資源回收制度的演進》,台灣社會問題研究學術研討會論文,1999.
14.余素絹,一般廢棄物資源回收率影響因素之探討,朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系碩士班,碩士論文,2011.
15.嘉義市政府環境保護局,106 年度嘉義市里資源回收便利站設置工作計畫,嘉義市,2017.
16.嘉義縣政府環境保護局,106 年度嘉義縣推動村里資源回收站設置工作專案計畫,2017.
17.屏東縣政府環境保護局,屏東縣 106 年度推動村里資源回收站工作專案計畫,2017.
18.台中市政府環境保護局,106 年台中市資源回收業者輔導管制及希望資收站推動計畫,2017.
19.行政院環境保護署,資源回收體系理論架構之探討及回收通路之改善計畫,台北,2004.
20.行政院環境保護署,「零廢棄政策研定」專案工作計畫,2004.
21.廖秋榮,台灣地區推行資源回收成效之評估,屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系碩士班,碩士論文,2006.
22.賴瑩瑩,民眾資源回收行為之影響因子探討與評析,國立臺北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所,碩士論文,2007.
23.趙宏邦,台北市社區民眾資源回收信念與行為意圖研究, 國立台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所,碩士論文,1999.
24.邱家範,高雄市家戶資源回收整合模式研究,國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所,碩士論文,2000.
25.黃愫姬,資源回收者與非資源回收者環境態度與行為差異比較,碩士論文,2002.
26.邱皓政,量化研究與統計分析,2002.
27.Nunnally,J.C., 1978, Psychometric Theory, New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
28.Marshall R. E., K. Farahbakhsh,( 2013) “Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries”, Journal of Waste Management, vol. 33 (4), pp. 988-1003
29.Guerrero L. A., G. Maas, W. Hogland,(2013) “Solid waste management challenges forcities in developing countries”, Journal of Waste Management, vol. 33 (1), pp. 220-232
30.Miezah, K.; K Obiri-Danso,.; Z. Kádár,; B. Fei-Baffoe,; Mensah, M.Y. (2015) “Municipal solid waste characterization and quantification as a measure towards effective waste management in Ghana”, Waste Manag, 46, 15–27
31.Fei, F., Qu, L., Wen, Z., Xue, Y., Zhang, H., 2016. “How to integrate the informal recycling system into municipal solid waste management in developing countries: Based on a China ’ s case in Suzhou urban area”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling Vol. 110, Pages 74-86
32.Lucia M., A. Pierro, S. Livi, 2004.“Recycling: Planned and self-expressive behavior,"Journal of environmental Psychology 24, 227-236.
33.Michele et al., 2004.“Determining the drivers for householder pro-environmental behavior: Waste minimization compared to recycling,"Resources, Conservation and Recycling 42,27-48.
34.Hong, S., 1999.“The effects of Unit Pricing System upon Household Solid Waste Management: The Korean Experience,"Journal of Environmental Management 57, 1-10.
35.Gamba,R.J,Oskamp,S,1994,Factors influencing community residents Participation in commingled curbside recycling programs. Environment and Behavior,26(5),587-612。
36.Vining, J.& Ebreo, A., 1990,“What makes a recycler? A comparison of recyclers and non-recyclers.”Environment and Behavior, 22(1), 55-73.。
37.Ajzen, L. 1991.“The theory of planned behavior.”Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211。

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊