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研究生:簡天保
研究生(外文):Chien, Tien-Pao
論文名稱:雙曲率鋁帷幕輥軋成形技術研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on Double-Curved Aluminum Curtain Wall Roll Forming Technology
指導教授:許進忠許進忠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sheu, Jinn-Jong
口試委員:李政男許光城林恆勝
口試委員(外文):Li, Jeng-NanSheu, Guang-ChengLin, Heng-Sheng
口試日期:2020-07-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄科技大學
系所名稱:模具工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:帷幕牆雙曲率曲面柔性輥軋成形CAE
外文關鍵詞:Curtain wallDouble curvature surfaceFlexible cold roll formingCAE
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帷幕牆是建築物外圍護牆或裝飾性結構使用之一種立面,主要由面板與支承結構體系組成,其設計安裝相對於建築物主體具相對位移能力或自身可承受有限彈性變形能力,因為不承擔建築主體結構所受作用力,帷幕牆造型設計自由度高,應用3D軟體及BIM(Building Information Modeling)建築資訊整合技術,帷幕牆造型曲面日趨複雜。本論文探討雙曲率曲面之成形方法,提出雙曲率曲面柔性輥軋成形技術,並設計一柔性輥軋設備,以實驗方法驗證雙曲率鋁帷幕輥軋成形技術之可行性。研究方法包括(1)雙曲率帷幕曲面鈑金展開技術,用於外牆系統個別鈑金輪廓(2) 雙曲率曲面展開鈑金胚雷射切割(3)柔性輥軋機結構及運動路徑設計(4) 柔性輥軋成形分析及實驗。本論文完成之柔性輥軋機設計可透過輥軋路徑控制,使用同一組輥輪進行不同曲率之鋁帷幕鈑金生產,以長軸向2000R及短軸向800R之雙曲率鋁帷幕鈑為例,所完成之鋁帷幕雙曲率鈑量測圓弧尺寸分別為R2036.77 mm及 R772.17 mm,尺寸誤差在5%內,未來可利用本研究所建置之柔性輥軋原型機進行小尺寸及小批量帷幕產品製造。
Curtain wall is a cover surface structure for purpose of the protection fence or decoration of a building; it is composed of a surface panel and a supporting structure. The design and installation of the curtain wall must have the capabilities of relative motion with respect to the build and undergoing a limit elastic deformation. The flexibility of the curtain wall shape design is quite high because the curtain wall is free of the building weight. The application of 3D CAD software and the BIM (Building Information Modeling) system results in the more complex curtain wall surface shape. The purpose of this thesis is to study the methodology and the feasibility of making the double curvature surface panel with the flexible cold roll forming technology. The main research subjects including (1) development of the double curvature surface for curtain wall panel, (2) laser cutting for the developed panel blank, (3) design of the flexible roll forming machine and the forming path, and (4) flexible roll forming process simulation and the experimental tests. A flexible roll forming machine was designed and made with the capability of different forming paths control. Different double curvature panels were able to be make using the same rolls and change the forming path control. For example, a double curvature panel was made with radii 2000 and 800 mm in the longitudinal and the transvers directions, respectively. The measured the radii were R2036.77 mm and R772.17 mm in the longitudinal and the transvers directions, respectively. The accuracy of the measured dimensions was less than 5% of the designed data. It is possible to make the small size and small batch of double curvature curtain wall with the designed flexible roll forming prototype machine.
摘要
目 錄
圖目錄
表目錄
第一章、 緒論
1.1研究動機
1.1.1 研究動機及目的
1.1.2 帷幕牆之發展趨勢
1.1.3 國內外大型帷幕所面臨現況
1.2文獻回顧
1.3論文架構
第二章、 研究基礎理論
2.1帷幕牆結構設計
2.2帷幕牆板分類及設計
2.3雙曲率曲面鈑金展開方法
2.4帷幕牆板柔性輥軋成形方法
2.5雙曲率曲面鈑金成形CAE分析
2.6柔性輥軋成形伺服控制方法
第三章、 鋁帷幕柔性輥軋成形設備設計
3.1柔性輥軋成形機構型設計
3.1.1 平台構型
3.1.2 運動軸設計
3.1.3 傳動設計
3.2柔性輥軋機平台結構及治具設計
3.3柔性輥軋機運動機構及控制設計
3.4馬達及動力選用
第四章、 實驗設備及實驗步驟
4.1材料拉伸試驗試驗設備及步驟
4.2柔性輥軋成形設備及實驗步驟
4.3 CAE分析流程
4.4鋁帷幕胚料切割設備
4.5雙曲率曲面掃描設備及量測方法
第五章、 結果與討論
5.1材料模型
5.1.1 拉伸試驗結果與塑流應力模式
5.2鈑金展開及雷射切割胚料結果
5.3 CAE 分析結果
5.3.1 柔性輥軋成形CAE
5.4柔性輥軋實驗
5.4.1 第一道次成形結果
5.4.2 第二道次成形結果
5.4.3 第三道次成形結果
5.5鋁帷幕板成品尺寸量測結果
5.5.1 雙曲率掃描點雲結果
5.5.2 雙曲率掃描曲面建構
5.5.3 第一曲率及第二曲率產生及檢查
5.5.4 三道次成形結果
第六章、 結論與建議
參考文獻

[1]Yoon, Yang, 2003, ”Development of a Highly Flexible Incremental Roll Forming Process for the Manufacture of a Doubly Curved Sheet Metal”, CIRP Annals, Volume 52, Issue 1, Pages 201-204, 2003
[2]Shim, Yang, Kim, Chung, Han, 2010, “Investigation into forming sequences for the incremental forming of doubly curved plates using the line array roll set (LARS) process”, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Volume 50, Issue 2, Pages 214-218, February 2010
[3]Lee, Kim, 2012, “Case Study of Mass Customization of Double-Curved Metal Façade Panels Using a New Hybrid Sheet Metal Processing Technique”, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Volume 138 Issue 11, November 2012
[4]Abebe, Park, Kang, 2017, “Reliability-based robust process optimization of multi-point dieless forming for product defect reduction”, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 89(1-4) , March 2017
[5]Wang, Lu, Yi, Li, 2018,” Research on continuous roll forming for manufacturing 3D curved surface parts with variable transverse curvatures”, Journal of Manufacturing Processes, Volume 36, Pages 459-464, December 2018
[6]Zhang, Zhang, Zuo, Dang, He, 2019, “Experimental and numerical study on deformation behavior of doubly curved metal plates during incremental bending process”, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 104, 2739–2750 , July 2019
[7]Ghiabakloo, Park, Kil, Lee, Kang, 2019, “Design of the flexibly-reconfigurable roll forming process by a progressively-improving goal seeking approach”, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Volumes 157–158, Pages 136-149, July 2019
[8]Dang, He, Zhang, Zuo, Du, 2019, “Multi-stage incremental bending to form doubly curved metal plates based on bending limit diagram”, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Volume 155, Pages 19-30, May 2019
[9]郭炳宏,2009,”帷幕牆簡介”, http://curtainwall-blog.blogspot.com/2009/04/blog-post.html,4月11日
[10]圖1-1 新店裕隆城,來源:
https://storage.googleapis.com/www-cw-com-tw/article/201909/article-5d8061022d640.jpg(2020/05/18)
[11]圖1-5 衛武營帷幕牆與瑞典BEMO帷幕生產系統示意圖,來源:
https://www.bemo.com/en(2020/05/20)
[12]圖2-1 世界第一座鋼構大樓,芝加哥的「家庭保險大樓」,來源:
https://global.udn.com/global_vision/story/8664/3619789(2020/05/22)
[13]圖2-2 白努力定律與飛機起飛之主要原理,來源:
https://pansci.asia/archives/86419(2020/05/22)
[14]圖2-3 建築之風洞試驗,來源:
http://www.wind.org.tw/epaper/vj-upload/2011/11/img_26.jpg(2020/05/22)
[15]圖2-4 帷幕牆之風雨試驗,來源:
https://wind.abri.gov.tw/file/Image/2.jpg(2020/06/01)
[16]圖2-7 直橫料系統,來源:
http://home.so-net.net.tw/hk1591/images/stick.gif(2020/05/20)
[17]圖2-8 隔板系統,來源:
http://home.so-net.net.tw/hk1591/images/panel.gif(2020/05/20)
[18]圖2-9 窗間牆系統,來源:
http://home.so-net.net.tw/hk1591/images/spandrel.gif(2020/05/20)
[19]圖2-10 單元式系統,來源:
http://home.so-net.net.tw/hk1591/images/unitize.gif(2020/05/20)
[20]圖2-11 複合式系統,來源:
http://home.so-net.net.tw/hk1591/images/mix.gif(2020/05/20)

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