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研究生:李芝菱
研究生(外文):Li, Chih-Ling
論文名稱:青少年依附關係與情緒困擾之關係:以孤寂感為中介變項
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship between Attachment and Emotional Disturbance for the Adolescents: Loneliness as a Mediator
指導教授:吳佩真吳佩真引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu, Pei-Chen
口試委員:郭國禎黃財尉
口試委員(外文):Kuo, Kuo-ChenHuang, Tsai-Wei
口試日期:2019-01-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:青少年依附關係孤寂感情緒困擾中介效果
外文關鍵詞:adolescentattachmentlonelinessemotional disturbancemediation effect
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:13
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  本研究旨在探究青少年之孤寂感在依附關係與情緒困擾間之中介效果,亦即探討依附關係如何藉孤寂感進而預測情緒困擾,研究參與者主要取自高雄和屏東兩個地區,共有813位國中生(男生412位、女生401位)。研究結果重點如下:
一、青少年依附關係、孤寂感與情緒困擾之現況
(一)在三種依附對象,依附焦慮與依附逃避的依附程度高低依序為父親、母親、朋友。
(二)孤寂感分數之平均未達量表之中點(2.5分),顯示其孤寂感的現況傾向為中等偏低程度。
(三)情緒困擾分數之平均為百分等級79,顯示其情緒困擾現況為偏高程度。
二、青少年孤寂感中介效果之檢定
(一)在三種依附關係,母親與父親的依附逃避皆是正向預測情緒困擾,唯有朋友的依附逃避,為負向預測情緒困擾;而三個依附對象的依附焦慮,皆是正向預測情緒困擾。
(二)在三種不同對象的依附關係,孤寂感在依附關係(焦慮、逃避)與情緒困擾扮演部分中介變項的角色。
(三)在三種依附關係皆呈現依附焦慮對情緒困擾預測的整體效果均大於依附逃避。然而,與朋友的依附逃避對情緒困擾預測的整體效果未達顯著。
  The purpose of this study was to explore the mediating effect of the loneliness between attachment and emotional disturbance for adolescents; that is, to explore the mechanism how adolescent attachment predicted their emotional disturbance thorough loneliness. The participants included 813 junior high school students (412 male and 401 female) from Kaohsiung and Pingtung cities. The main results in the study were as follows:
1. Descriptive analysis of adolescent attachment, loneliness and emotional disturbance:
(1) For the attachment with three objects, the scores of anxious attachment and avoidant attachment were the highest for Father-attachment, followed by Mother-attachment and Friend-attachment.
(2) The average score of loneliness did not reach the midpoint of the scale (2.5 points), indicating that the degree of adolescent loneliness tends to be moderately low.
(3) The average score of emotional disturbance was in the 79th percentile, meaning that the adolescent emotional disturbance is quite severe.
2. The mediating effect of the loneliness for adolescents:
(1) The avoidant attachment with mother and father positively predicted emotional disturbance. However, avoidant attachment with friends predicted emotional disturbance negatively. The anxious attachment with three objects positively predicted emotional disturbance.
(2) Loneliness partially mediated the relationship between attachment (anxiety and avoidance) and emotional disturbance for three different objects.
(3) The overall effect of anxious attachment on emotional disturbance was greater than that of avoidant attachment. However, the overall effect of Friend-attachment avoidance on emotional disturbance was not significant.
誌謝 Ⅰ
中文摘要 Ⅱ
英文摘要 Ⅲ
目次 Ⅴ
表次 Ⅶ
圖次 Ⅷ

第一章 緒論 1
 第一節 研究動機 1
 第二節 研究目的與問題 3
 第三節 名詞釋義 4
第二章 文獻探討 7
 第一節 依附關係之定義及理論 7
 第二節 孤寂感之定義及理論 11
 第三節 情緒困擾之定義及理論 14
 第四節 依附關係與情緒困擾之相關研究 20
 第五節 依附關係與孤寂感之相關研究 23
 第六節 孤寂感與情緒困擾之相關研究 27
第三章 研究方法 31
 第一節 研究架構 31
 第二節 研究假設 32
 第三節 研究參與者 32
 第四節 研究工具 33
 第五節 統計分析方法 35
第四章 研究結果 37
 第一節 青少年依附關係、孤寂感、情緒困擾之現況 37
 第二節 不同背景變項在青少年依附對象之差異分析 39
 第三節 青少年孤寂感中介效果之研究結果 40
第五章 討論與建議 45
 第一節 結論 45
 第二節 討論 47
 第三節 研究限制與建議 49
參考書目 51
附錄 59
 附錄一:中文版關係結構問卷授權 59
 附錄二:UCLA孤寂量表第三版授權 60
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