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研究生:劉芳妤
研究生(外文):Fang-Yu Liu
論文名稱:多穩態光子晶體能隙調控元件
論文名稱(外文):A Tunable Photonic Crystal Device with Multi-stable Photonic Band Gap
指導教授:林宗賢林宗賢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsung-Hsien Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:光電工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:自組裝材料光子晶體能隙調控光子晶體聚合物穩固型藍相液晶藍相液晶
外文關鍵詞:Blue PhasePSBPPBG tuningsPhotonic Crystal
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光子晶體是不同折射率材料,以特定週期性堆疊而成的結構,具有體積小、可阻斷特定頻率的光子等特性,光子晶體可以應用在各種光學元件及系統中,例如分光鏡、通訊用光子晶體光纖等。藍相液晶是三維自組裝的光子晶體,具有高度可調性,可透過外場來控制其光子晶體能隙,但由於藍相液晶本身溫寬狹窄限制其應用,因此前人發展出聚合物穩固型藍相液晶,透過直流電場可以調控聚合物穩固型藍相液晶的光子晶體能隙,但是在過去的研究中都無法穩固住調控後的光子晶體能隙,使光子晶體在應用上受到限制,因此我們想要製作多穩態的光子晶體能隙調控元件。
在本研究中透過製作聚合物模板將自組成材料摻入聚合物穩固型藍相液晶中,透過溫度控制自組成材料的鍵結與否,並且在自組成材料斷鍵時施加直流電場調控再降溫使自組成材料鍵結以形成多穩態光子晶體能隙調控元件,本研究分析液晶盒厚度、聚合物濃度以及聚合強度對調控特性的影響,成功製作出移除外加電場仍然維持在調控後的光子晶體能隙元件。
Photonic crystals are composed of periodic dielectric and has tiny volume. One of the important properties of photonic crystal is that electromagnetic wave cannot transmit in some specific frequency called photonic band gap(PBG). Photonic crystals can be applied in optic devices and systems such as beam splitter and photonic crystal fibers. However, most of the PBG in photonic crystal is not able to be tuned and therefore limit the applications. On the other hand, blue phase liquid crystal is a kind of self-assembly photonic crystal which has a high tenability and can be tuned by light and electric treatment, but the narrow temperature range restrict the application of blue phase. To broaden the temperature range of blue phase Kikuchi et al. add monomer into blue phase liquid crystal. The polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal broaden the temperature range but confine the lattice constant. Someone found that through applying DC voltage, the PBG of PSBP could be tuned and therefore expand the applications of PSBP. However, the tuned PBG is not able to be fixed and therefore limit the applications of photonic crystal. Thus we want to fabricate a device with multi-stable state.
In this research, we doped self-assembly material, HSA, into PSBP to fabricate a tunable photonic crystal device with multi-stable PBG. The HSA will disperse in the device with increasing the temperature. Therefore, we can tune the PBG in higher temperature. In contrast, the HSA will aggregate in the device and fix the tuned PBG with decreasing the temperature. After analyzing the influence of cell gap, percentage of monomer and curing intensity, we successfully fabricate a tunable photonic crystal device with multi-stable PBG.
目錄
論文審定書 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 理論介紹 7
2-1 液晶介紹 7
2-2 液晶的種類及物理特性 8
2-2.1 向列型液晶 10
2-2.2 秩序性參數 10
2-2.3 折射率異向性 12
2-2.4 液晶配向 13
2-2.5 介電係數異向性 14
2-2.6 連續彈性能理論 16
2-2.7 膽固醇液晶 17
2-3 藍相液晶 20
2-3.1 光子晶體 20
2-3.2 光子晶體應用 23
2-3.3 藍相液晶 25
2-4 聚合物穩固型藍相液晶 32
2-4.1 液態光子晶體能隙調控 33
2-4.2 聚合物模板 36
2-5 自組裝理論 39
2-5.1 氫鍵(Hydrogen Bond) 39
2-5.2 自組裝材料之特性 40
第三章 材料與元件製作 44
3-1 材料 44
3-1.1 液晶 44
3-1.2 旋性物質 45
3-1.3 聚合物 46
3-1.4 凝膠 46
3-2 液晶盒製作方式 47
3-3 多穩態可調控能隙之三維光子晶體元件製程 48
第四章 結果與討論 49
4-1 Cell Gap對調控特性的影響 49
4-2 清洗條件對聚合物模板製作的影響 52
4-3 聚合物濃度對調控特性的影響 54
4-4 聚合強度對調控特性的影響 58
4-5 綜合討論 60
第五章 結論與未來展望 69
參考文獻 70
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