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研究生:陳亭吟
研究生(外文):CHEN, TING-YIN
論文名稱:企業國際化與經營績效關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship between Internationalization and Operating Performance
指導教授:周麗娟周麗娟引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHOU, LI-CHUAN
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北商業大學
系所名稱:國際商務系研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:貿易學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:31
中文關鍵詞:國際化深度國際化廣度經營績效金融危機
外文關鍵詞:Depth of internationalizationBreadth of internationalizationOperating performanceFinancial crisis
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本研究以台灣493家上市公司為研究對象,蒐集2007年至2017年之樣本資料,採用追蹤資料模型(Panel Data)探討企業國際化與經營績效間的關係。本研究將企業的國際化程度以深度與廣度兩構面衡量,並分別探討其對經營績效的影響。實證結果發現:國際化深度上,海外資產占總資產比例增加對經營績效有正向幫助,海外銷售占總銷售比例增加對經營績效有正向幫助;國際化廣度上,海外投資國家較上一期分布更廣時,對經營績效有正向影響。而在金融危機期間,企業投入國際化深度的程度越高,越能緩和企業受到的衝擊。
This study examines the relationship between internationalization and performance in companies by using panel data on 493 publicly listed Taiwanese firms over the period of 2007 to 2017. I measure the degree of internationalization in terms of depth and breadth, and discusses their impact on business performance. The results measured of depth show that the increase in the foreign assets as a percentage of total assets and foreign sales as a percentage of total sales has positively contributed to business performance. The results measured of breadth show that the increase in country diversification ratio has positively contributed to business performance. I also find that the depth of internationalization can play a protective role during financial crisis.
摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2研究目的 1
1.3研究流程 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1企業國際化程度的定義與衡量指標 4
2.2企業國際化程度與績效的關聯 4
第三章 研究假說與研究方法 7
3.1研究假說 7
3.2研究架構 9
3.3研究樣本與資料來源 9
3.4變數衡量與實證模型 11
3.4.1應變數 11
3.4.2自變數 11
3.4.3控制變數 12
3.4.4實證模型 13
第四章 實證結果與分析 17
4.1敘述統計量分析 17
4.2相關性分析 18
4.3迴歸分析 20
4.3.1模型選擇 20
4.3.2實證模型及結果分析 22
第五章 結論與建議 27
5.1研究結論 27
5.2研究限制 27
5.3研究建議 27
參考文獻 28
英文文獻
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中文文獻
1、李揚、吳錦錩、劉怡君、劉華順(2018)。國際化與績效之分量迴歸分析。台大管理論叢,28(2),97-128。
2、李揚、郭憲章、楊淨麟. (2005)。企業國際化與經營績效關係之研究─ 亞洲金融風暴分析。中山管理評論,13(1),49-73。
3、徐啟升、黃志宏(2009)。國際化與公司治理對台灣資訊電子業生產效率之影響。東吳經濟商學學報,66,115-144。
4、張紹勳(2016)。Panel-data迴歸模型:Stata在廣義時間序列的應用。台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
5、張紹勳(2016)。Stata與高等統計分析。台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
6、劉韻僖、林玟廷(2008)。台灣資訊產業上市公司國際化程度與公司治理關係之探討。中山管理評論,16(1),51-82。
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