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研究生:彭正龍
研究生(外文):Peng, Cheng-Long
論文名稱:農藝復興的可能─一個都市邊緣社區的行動研究
論文名稱(外文):Agricultural Renaissance’s Possibility - An Action Research on Food and Farming Education in a Urban-Rural Community
指導教授:陳瑞樺陳瑞樺引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Jui-Hua
口試委員:李丁讚莊雅仲
口試委員(外文):Li, Ding-ZanChuang, Ya-Chung
口試日期:2019-07-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:社會學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:農藝復興食農教育行動研究科技與社會實作
外文關鍵詞:Agricultural RenaissanceFood and Farming EducationAction reseachSTS practice
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綠色革命之後,工業化農業襲捲全球食農體系,加上都市化擴張、工農產業競逐、環境污染等衝擊,「農」更是陷入全面性的邊緣處境,深切地影響到農村地方生活的經濟、政治、社會乃至家庭關係。

為了回應綠色革命對食農體系的整體性衝擊,近年興起諸如食農教育、友善耕作、社區支持型農業、農夫市集、綠色科技等新農浪潮,希望透過「農藝復興」,建立以社會關係為基礎的「新農業」,重新論辯「自然-人-社會」的合宜關係。

本文作者以「沺源青工作室」推廣食農教育的實踐經驗出發,認為新農浪潮下的食農教育,不能僅止於「新農業」的烏托邦想像,和「新農村」的社會工程改造;更需要關照「新╱舊農民」在時代轉換下的競逐與整合。尤其,在新農業對於綠色革命的漫長社會抗爭中,農業的行動者,隱沒於食農轉型的新舊論辯之爭,成為「看不見的行動者」。

因此,為了避免「工業化食農」犧牲體系,成為另一座「新農浪潮」犧牲體系;除了設定大轉型的政治、社會進程,更需為不同的社會行動者,設想搭上新農浪潮「諾亞方舟」的機制和途徑,以及讓「共生」成為可能的具體社會過程。

本文透過都會邊緣食農教育的行動研究,考察當代農業勞動者的農食勞動實作,看見「技術」的豐富意涵和可能性。在當代資本社會的勞動情境下,農業技術不僅是生產農食商品的勞動技術,更是創生地方感、動態構建人群聚合利基的社群實作。

本文認為,從事農業生產的農業行動者,非但不是技術的被剝奪群體,而是具備透過農業實作,打造地域文化認同的潛在行動社群,各自憑藉挪用源自地方殊異條件下的生態知識與社會資本,發展各種因應資本主義情境的獨特實作技術與地方知識,創造在地獨特、與地方感交融共構的地域農業。
After 「Green Revolution」, industrialized Agriculture has been taking over the whole food production. The situation of agriculture was strong impact by the expanse of urbanization, the competition between Industry and Agriculture. It has deeply infected the local environment of countryside, including lifestyle, finances, politics, society and family relationships.
To compete against all these impacts mentioned, the 「Alternative Agri-food Movements」 of the growth of 「Food and Agriculture Education(FAE)」, 「Friendly Farming」, 「Community-supported-agriculture(CSA)」, 「Farmer’s Markets」, 「Appropriate Technology(AT)」 has been taken place in the past several decays. People believe that there would be a way to build up a 「Agricultural Renaissance」, and to re-define the new relationship between environmental stewardship, community livelihood, and regional biodiversity.
After the practical action of 「Tien-Yuan-Chin Food and Agriculture Education Studio」 , Based on An Action Research on 「Tien-Yuan-Chin Food and Agriculture Education Studio」 during 2014-2016 in Hsinchu City . We had been practiced and experimented Food-and-Agriculture Education ,realizing that the alternative Agri-food movements should be one of the strategies for improving the social integration, instead of a slogan to make farmers anxious.
We realize that we should not stop at the imagination of the Utopia of 「New Agriculture」 or social engineering of the 「New City」, but to avoid sacrificing」again」 the people who went through 「Green revolution」 after the 「Alternative Agri-food Movements」. Therefore, the knowledge of Food and Agriculture, minding of, and, inheriting the local knowledge to the next generations, and to include all farmers into Alternative Agri-food Movements.
In this article, We suggest that the process of Food and Agriculture Education should balance the relationship of any kind of agriculturl paradise. The main point is to articulate the explicit knowledge of Alternative Agri-food Movements and the tacit knowledge of local Agri-food artisans by designing the teaching plan into maker-educational events, and create regional agriculture that is unique and harmonious with the local sense.
第一章 導論:關於論文以及寫論文的人 6
一、 異鄉人 6
(一) 楔子:與農的距離 6
(二) 歸鄉:返土尋根 7
二、 原鄉夢:關於論文 9
(一) 實踐:行動中的研究 9
(二) 衝擊:誰是地方人 10
第二章 場域:地方文史中的農食脈絡 13
一、 前言:新竹的前世今生 13
二、 新竹農業發展簡史 16
(一) 原初部落與移民社會的生計農耕:荷治、明鄭至清領前期(─1860) 16
(二) 帝國貿易體制下的經濟農業:清領後期至日治(1860─1945) 22
(三) 民國至當代(1945─):工業現代化的農食體制 28
(四) 小結:危在旦夕的農地農村 31
第三章 爭議 35
一、 前言:一廂情願的農藝教學 35
二、 食農論戰 36
(一) 什麼是農? 36
(二) 一種農業,各自想像 37
(三) 想像背後:農的當代處境與課題 39
(四) 科技\技術還有機會嗎? 41
第四章 策略:直面農技術\科技爭議 42
一、 前言:重探「技術」 42
二、 技術研究的思潮流變 43
(一) 「技術」的字源考據 43
(二) 從「技藝」到「科技」 43
(三) 技術、科技與社會 45
三、 直面爭議:STS的思考與實作取徑 46
(一) 科技與社會(STS)的歷史與方法 46
(二) 「另類」STS研究:規範與實踐轉向 47
四、 策略 49
五、 藍圖:農技術視角的科技與社會介入策略行動研究 50
第五章 對話:學術文獻的知識奧援 53
一、 「農義」:作為理解農範式的技術 53
(一) 前言:你比較懂,但我比較會 53
(二) 農耕:與自然共生的技能 54
(三) 農學:科學對自然的改造 56
(四) 技能:超越二元框架 59
(五) 當代的科學與農業 62
(六) 小結:我們都是「文」青 64
二、 「農異」:作為批判農異化的技術 67
(一) 前言:「手綁起來都比你們會種」 67
(二) 資本論的勞動過程與生產技術 69
(三) 勞動與壟斷資本的去技術化與勞動退化 71
(四) 農業勞動的「技術」特殊性 74
(五) 小結:「我們」這個時代的經典(A Classic of Our Time) 77
三、 「農藝」:作為農文化再造的技術 82
(一) 前言:壞阿公不「壞」 82
(二) 工農技藝:重現自然的手藝 85
(三) 技藝復興運動:對資本主義式生產的反動 88
(四) 小結:結合手工藝復興運動的農藝復興 92
四、 「農譯」:作為農復興的技術 94
(一) 前言:「我開工廠幫你做一個」 94
(二) 技術實踐的可能:駭客到自造者 95
(三) 農業的開源與自造者運動 98
(四) 開源創客的貢獻與限制 99
(五) 小結:以技藝復興為核心的「再技術」實踐 100
第六章 展望:農藝復興的可能 104
附件:食農創客教案節選 107
參考文獻 120
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