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研究生:吳智正
研究生(外文):Wu, Zhi-Zheng
論文名稱:應用於主軸之高速銅轉子感應電動機研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of High Speed Copper-rotor Induction Machines in Machine Tools Spindle Applications
指導教授:王培仁
指導教授(外文):Wang, Pei-Jen
口試委員:蕭鈞毓宋震國茆尚勳
口試委員(外文):Hsiao, Chun-YuSung, Cheng-KuoMao, Shang-Hsun
口試日期:2019-01-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:動力機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:153
中文關鍵詞:高速電機優化設計感應電動機優化設計電磁場與結構耦合分析
外文關鍵詞:High-speed Motor OptimizationInduction MotorElectromagnetic Field and Structure Coupling Analysis
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目前各個主要工業國家都著力於研究高效能電機的研發,追求電機之運轉性能提升。其中,感應電動機雖已普遍應用於工業各項動力市場,具有結構強與容易驅控等優點。近年來因工具機主軸高速化需求,電機設計在運轉速度與效能難以兼顧的條件下,使得高速感應電動機之研發日趨熱絡。有鑒於此,本論文將選擇高速電動機用之高頻矽鋼片以各式繞組參數、定轉子槽配合以及定轉子槽型幾何參數搭配優化進行初步設計,以提升高速化電動機之各式性能。
本文針對工具機主軸之高速感應電動機為研究目標,探討基礎感應電動機設計法則,考慮工具機之負載需求,規劃電動機設計流程與計算設計參數,分析並建構電機系統模擬之規劃,以調整繞組以及槽型結構為基礎背景,進行氣隙諧波磁場分佈與定子齒部徑向電磁力波探討,經優化後得出最適電機幾何尺寸、槽極數、定轉子槽數比、槽型及繞組,期望降低高速轉動時產生的電機振動及噪聲並優化主軸電機性能。研究過程採用美商ANSYS公司之RMxprt®、Maxwell 2D/3D®及Mechanical Workbench分析商用套裝軟體,以數值計算其物理量與電磁場分佈,針對電機之動態分析指標參數進行討論並進行電磁與結構耦合分析,最後以實驗室之銅轉子感應主軸馬達進行設計參數驗證,確定電機設計之正確性與實現性。
This thesis aims at high-speed induction motors applied to the machine tool spindles covering topics of basic motor design rules, motor design steps, selection of design parameters, and Computer-Aided Engineering simulation processes. Based on adjusting the winding and slot structure, magnetic field distribution in air gap and relavent radial electromagnetic forces on stator tooths are carefully reviewed. Throughout optimization, the optimal geometry, the slot numbers, diametric ratio of stator and rotor, and turns of winding are calculated; and, the ultimate goal is to reduce vibration and acoustic noises plus performance for spindle motors running at high speed. The study has been adopting a commercial software package copyrighted by ANSYS Inc., bundled with Electronics EM and Mechanical Workbench, for numerical simulation of physical quantities and electromagnetic field details. By preliminary correlation of results in magnetostatic and transient field analysis, electromagnetic and structural coupling analysis is cosimulated to give cross-coupling acoustic and vibrational results. Finally, verifications of the design parameters have been conducted for laboratory-scale copper rotor induction spindle motors to justify the accuracy and practicality of the motor design process.
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 xv
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 文獻回顧 1
1-2-1 高速感應電機之設計項目 3
1-2-2 感應電動機電磁噪聲之成因 6
1-3 研究動機與方法 8
1-4 結語 9
第二章 電機設計基礎理論與公式 15
2-1 前言 15
2-2 高速感應電動機的運作原理與參數設計 15
2-2-1 感應電動機的旋轉原理 15
2-2-2 旋轉磁場 17
2-2-3感應電動機之定子繞組參數設計 17
2-2-4 鼠籠式感應電動機之電磁激振力計算與分析 21
2-3 高速電動機的熱約束標準 24
2-4 高速電動機的機械結構特性 25
2-4-1 鼠籠式轉子選用 25
2-4-2 轉子動力學與機械負荷能力 25
2-4-3 臨界轉速與共振頻率 27
2-5 應用於電動機之控制理論 30
2-6 應用於電動機設計之有限元素分析理論 31
2-7 結語 34
第三章 電動機架構初步設計 40
3-1 前言 40
3-2 高速感應電機操作環境設定 43
3-2-1 高速感應電動機規格及操作環境 43
3-2-2 高速感應電動機之負載量計算 45
3-3 高速感應電機之初步參數設計 46
3-3-1 感應電動機的等效電路特性分析 46
3-3-2 電機設計條件估算-伊森法則 51
3-3-3 感應電動機之電能參數設計 54
3-3-4 感應電動機之磁能參數設計 57
3-3-5 定子與轉子鼠籠槽數及電機極數選擇 59
3-4 電機定子結構與定子繞組設計 61
3-5 電機轉子結構設計 66
3-6 結語 69
第四章 實驗與模擬結果分析 88
4-1 實驗感應電動機設計規格與振動分析方法 88
4-2 實驗感應電動機之有限元素分析 89
4-2-1 轉子槽數估算 92
4-2-2 電流波形量測與分析 93
4-3 實驗高速感應電動機特性量測 94
4-4 數值分析優化方法 95
4-4-1 徑向氣隙磁密時間諧波抑制方法 96
4-4-2 直接齒部電磁力耦合結構分析 97
4-4-3 高速感應電動機之優化設計 98
4-5 結語 105
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 146
5-1 總結 146
5-2 未來研究方向 147
參考文獻 148
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