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研究生:莊媮荃
研究生(外文):Chuang, Yu-Chuan
論文名稱:《逃》《離》鄉關的親密陌生人:論台灣當代移工與新移民女性之生命政治
論文名稱(外文):Taiwan’s Intimate Strangers out of Place: A Biopolitical Reading of Migrant Workers and New Immigrant Women’s Life Stories in Escape and Separation
指導教授:黃涵榆黃涵榆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang, Han-Yu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:移民工生命政治裸命例外狀態諸眾情感勞動
外文關鍵詞:migrantsbiopoliticsbare lifestate of exceptionmultitudeaffective labor
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本文以生命政治理論視角,探討在台東南亞移工與新移民女性之境況,藉由分析《逃/我們的寶島,他們的牢》與《離/我們的買賣,她們的一生》中逃逸移工與新移民女性之生命故事,揭示東南亞移民工因受制於台灣政經結構、勞動型態與社會關係中的權力壓迫,而處於例外狀態,並由此開展東南亞移民工如何以裸命之姿積極反抗,最後思索面對移民工他者之倫理意義。本論文主張東南亞移民工不應被視作外來威脅,而是深刻反映台灣社會內部的既有矛盾,其存在模糊並問題化種種因各方差異劃分區隔東南亞移民工之邊界,進而促使「我們」重省東南亞移民工之處境。本論文共分三章。第一章援引當代生命政治理論家阿岡本的「裸命」、「例外狀態」,與哈特與奈格理提出的「諸眾」、「情感勞動」等概念,闡述蘊含於政治、經濟與勞動下的權力機制,之所以將這兩條不同取逕的分析作為本文討論框架,旨於展現政經關係之密不可分。第二章以前述理論概念針對《逃》與《離》中的生命故事進行文本分析,逃逸移工與新移民女性之境遇一方面體現權力結構如何細緻地介入移民工實質生活,另一方面也顯示人際間情感連結具有抵抗壓迫、跳脫權力掌控之可能性。第三章發展對移民他者之倫理關懷,將精神分析學者紀傑克的「鄰人」及女性主義政治哲學家艾莉絲‧楊「正義」與「差異政治」的概念,與既有生命政治理論架構並讀,除延續並呼應權力之形上學意義,亦強調情感對倫理關懷的重要性。
My thesis proposes a biopolitical reading of Southeast Asian migrant workers and new immigrant women’s life in Taiwan. Through addressing the issues of runaway workers and migrant spouses in Escape: Our Formosa, Their Prison and Separation: Our Trading, Their Life, it demonstrates that Southeast Asian migrants in Taiwan fall into state of exception under various forms of power mechanisms, further explores how Southeast Asian migrants can potentially resist oppression as contemporary figures of bare life, and ultimately envisions the ethical attitude toward the Migrant Other. The thesis argues that Southeast Asian migrants should not be construed as a threat. Rather, the migrants profoundly reflect Taiwan’s existing social paradoxes, and they blur and problematize the divides drawn by all sorts of differences to distinguish us from them, and it propels us to re-examine Southeast Asian migrants’ condition. This thesis is divided into three chapters. Chapter One brings together Giorgio Agamben’s, and Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri’s theories of biopolitics to illustrate the exercise of power mechanism in the realm of politics and economics, particularly with the notions of bare life, state of exception, multitude and affective labor. Under the framework of biopolitcs, Chapter Two proceeds to analyze how power in Escape and Separation meticulously intervenes in runaway workers and new immigrant women’s daily life, and how affective connections in social networks constitute the potential site of resistance. Chapter Three proposes the ethical attitude toward the Migrant Other by engaging Slavoj Žižek’s psychoanalytic perspective of the Neighbor and Iris Marion Young’s concepts of justice and politics of difference in the biopolitical framework, to complement the ontological understanding of power mechanism and to elucidate the importance of affect in making ethical decision.
Introduction 1
Backgrounds and Motivations 1

Literature Review 3
Methodology 10
Outline of Chapters 16

Chapter One : Caught within the Grip: Conceptualizing Taiwan’s Migrants 20
I. Bare Life: The Unbareble Lightness of Being 22
II. Affective Labor: The New Landscape in Empire 25
III. Southeast Asian Migrants down and out in Taiwan 29

Chapter Two : Nameless Multitude: Marginal Life in Escape and Separation 35
I. To Escape, or Not to Escape, That’s the Question 37
II. Your Child Is Not Your Child 47
III. Regarding the Pain of the Migrant Other 53

Chapter Three : Love Thy Neighbor?: Towards an Ethical Reading of Migrants’ Life in Taiwan 61
I. The Migrant Other as Sacred Neighbor 65
II. Justice Unbound 69

Conclusion 74

Works Cited 78
Agamben, Giorgio. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998.
─. State of Exception. Trans. Kevin Attell. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2005.
─. The Use of Bodies. Trans. Adam Kotsko. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2016.
Cerwonka, Allaine and Anna Loutfi. “Biopolitics and the Female Reproductive Body as the New Subject of Law.” Feminists@Law 1:1 (2011). Web. 11 September. 2018. <http://journals.kent.ac.uk/index.php/feministsatlaw/article/view/18/77>
Chiu, Kuei-fen, Dafydd Fell and Lin Ping, eds. Migration to and from Taiwan. London: Routledge, 2014.
Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality. Volume I: An Introduction. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Random House, 1978.
─. The Birth of Biopolitics: Lectures at the College de France, 1978-1979. Trans. Graham Burchell. New York: Picador, 2010.
─. Society Must Be Defended: Lectures at the College de France, 1975-1976. Trans. David Macey. London: Allen Lane, 2003.
Hardt, Michael, and Antonio Negri. Empire. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2000.
Hardt, Michael, and Antonio Negri. Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire. New York: Penguin Press, 2004.
Hardt, Michael. “What Affects are Good For.” Foreword. The Affective Turn:Theorizing the Social. Ed. Patricia Ticineto Clough and Jean Halley. Durham:Duke UP, 2007. ix-xiii.
Ku, Yu-ling. Our Stories: Migration and Labour in Taiwan. Ed. Ding Naifei and Amie Elizabeth Parry. Trans. Agnes Khoo. Malaysia: Strategic Information and Research Development Centre, 2011.
Lan, Pei-chia. Global Cinderellas: Migrant Domestics and Newly Rich Employers in Taiwan. Durham: Duke UP, 2006.
Lemeke, Thomas. Biopolitics: An Advanced Introduction. New York: New York UP,2011.
Makarychev, Andrey and Alexandra Yatsyk. “Biopolitics and National Identities:Between Liberalism and Totalization.” Nationalities Papers 45.1 (2017):1-7.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00905992.2016.1225705
Miller, J. Hillis. “Narrative.” Critical Terms for Literary Study. Ed. Frank Lentricchia and Thomas Mclaughlin. 2nd ed., Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1995. 66-79.
S.E. Wilmer, and ‎Audronė Žukauskaitė, eds. Resisting Biopolitics: Philosophical, Political and Performative Strategies. New York: Routledge, 2016.
Sontag, Susan. Regarding the Pain of Others. New York: Picador, 2003.
Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2011.
Žižek, Slavoj and F.W.J. Von Schelling. The Abyss of Freedom/Ages of the World.Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1997. 21-56.
─. “A Cup of Decaf Reality.” Lacan.com. 2004. Web. 25 May. 2016. <http://www.lacan.com/zizekdecaf.htm>
─. “Neighbors and Other Monsters: A Plea for Ethical Violence.” The Neighbor:Three Inquiries in Political Theology. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2005. 134-90.
外籍配偶、〈四方報〉。《離/我們的買賣,她們的一生》。台北:時報文化。2013。
逃跑外勞。《逃/我們的寶島,他們的牢》。〈四方報〉編譯。台北:時報文化。2012。
夏曉鵑。《不要叫我外籍新娘》。台北:左岸文化。2005。
夏曉鵑、陳信行、黃德北編。《跨界流離:全球化下的移民與移工》上下兩冊。台北:台灣社會研究雜誌。2008。
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